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This post takes a look at the definition & examples of Socially Engineered Malware or SEM and the tactics employed by fraudsters to push malware. It also lists some basic precautions web surfers should take.Socially Engineered Malware
Socially engineered malware falls into the bracket of social engineering. The term Social Engineering refers to the method of creating traps for regular Internet users who start trusting the hackers and providing them with the information they want. It is, in short, an act of psychological manipulation and its usage has caught on among malware pushers, and its use to distribute malware to consumers and enterprises has been browsing steadily.
Social engineering started as a tool to get the inside information of business houses and went on to become the most (mis)used tool on the Internet. These days, hackers (social engineers, as they are called) use different methods to gain the trust of normal users. Once they gain the trust, they can get the user to do exactly what they want and thus get the information they need.Socially engineered malware – Meaning & Definition
Read Popular methods of Social Engineering.
Use a good Email services provider & an Email Client
As mentioned, using an email client is a good defense against social engineering, as it transfers phishing attempts to junk or spam folders.Use a good secure web browser Use a good security software
Security software that has good spam protection can be of great help in blocking spam mail as well as preventing the opening of malicious web pages.Be Alert
Education against social engineering is important. If a user knows about social engineering and phishing attempts, he or she will not fall prey to it. If not, even the best defense would fail.
You simply need to be on your guard when an email from an unknown source arrives.
Read: How to sign-in securely to PayPal.
In some cases, people compromise your friends’ email ID and use it to send you socially engineered emails – Email Spoofing. When we say ‘Socially engineered email’, they are emails crafted to appeal to you. They may not contain links, but they will ask directly about your bank information so that they can get some help. For example, if you get an email from your friend saying he or she is stranded somewhere and needs some money, it is always better to give them a call rather than replying to such emails and falling prey.
This post does not define socially engineered malware in a comprehensive way, as there are several other methods being used by criminals. The methods keep on evolving. I have just tried to touch upon the subject.What is the difference between Ransomware and Socially Engineered Malware?
Ransomware is a type of malware that encrypts files, and you will need to pay the hacker to get the key and decrypt it. On the other hand, Socially Engineered Malware tricks the user based on their social habit, makes them download a file, and then gets into the user account. While the end goal may be similar, the way to compromise the system is different.What is the most common social engineering?
Today, a Phishing attack is the most common and one of the most popular social engineering attacks. Email phishing and website phishing are the phishing methods most commonly used by attackers. The aim of phishing attacks is to steal the sensitive and confidential information of users, like credit card details and passwords, login credentials, internet banking details, etc.
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If you’re a PC gamer sick of lugging around an 8- to 10-pound monster with awful battery life just to play games, Alienware’s M11x is your salvation. This 11.6-inch ultraportable laptop has enough power to play all the latest titles while making only modest compromises, yet it’s considerably more portable than typical gaming notebooks in the 15-inch range, let alone giant desktop-replacement notebooks. With prices starting at $799 (as of April 2, 2010; our review system was kitted out to a $1099 configuration), it generally doesn’t cost as much as those larger alternatives, either.
Our review system came with 4GB of RAM (up from 2GB in the base configuration, and highly recommended). The base configuration also includes the Intel SU4100 ULV processor; the SU7300 that our review unit had costs $100 more. Graphics duties are handled by the very capable GeForce 335M with 1GB of video memory. The system unfortunately does not use nVidia’s new Optimus switchable graphics technology, so you have to switch between the Intel integrated GPU and the nVidia GPU manually (or rely on Windows power profiles). Fortunately, Alienware has made this task quite easy: The Function-F6 key combination toggles between the Intel and nVidia graphics, so it’s easy to get longer battery life when you’re just surfing the Web and then to kick in the powerful discrete graphics when it’s game time. As for storage, the default configuration has a 160GB, 5400-rpm hard drive; you should opt for one of the faster 7200-rpm models, which can have a big impact on overall performance. Our review system was loaded with a 500GB drive, but if you have cash to spare, you can pay through the nose for a 256GB solid-state drive.
Regardless of what the true CPU speed is, the M11x flies. On our WorldBench 6 tests, it earned a score of 77, which is among the best marks we’ve seen from an ultraportable PC. Does the overclocked CPU ruin your battery life? Our tests say no–at least, not if you throw enough battery at it. Using the Intel integrated graphics, with the CPU in its overclocked state, we achieved about 7.5 hours of battery life. That was without any sort of bulky extended battery sticking out of the bottom of the case. In fact, extended batteries are not available: The M11x’s eight-cell prismatic battery is fully integrated and can’t be easily removed, which helps give the case a smooth and clean look.
What about game performance? I was easily able to play current AAA titles like Modern Warfare 2 and Battlefield: Bad Company 2 with good results. You won’t be able to run the more-strenuous games at maximum detail level, but you can set things high enough for games to look really good and still get smooth frame rates. You can easily max out other games, like Left 4 Dead 2. If there’s a downside to playing games on this system, it’s the fan noise: When things get hot, the fan spins up loudly. I can’t help but think that a better ventilation design would have helped.
The screen is probably the worst part of the Alienware M11x, and it’s only average. The 1366 by 768 resolution is plenty for an 11.6-inch display, but the color gamut is limited and a little washed out. Viewing angles are mediocre, and the poor vertical viewing angles are especially noticeable on a small laptop such as this. The audio, on the other hand, is excellent for an ultraportable system. Whether I was listening to music, watching video, or playing games, the sound this little guy pumped out remained relatively clean even at high volumes.
I’m especially pleased with the port selection and location on this laptop. The left side has three video plugs (VGA, HDMI, and DisplayPort), along with a powered USB port, gigabit ethernet, memory card readers, and FireWire. The right side is relatively clean, with two USB ports and three audio jacks (a microphone input and two headphone jacks, to make it easier to share a movie with someone in private). Note that the machine has no optical drive, so if you buy your games on disc, you’ll need an external USB drive to load them onto the system; with so many games and other PC apps sold through digital distribution these days, this limitation is less of a problem than it used to be. Both 802.11a/b/g/n networking and Bluetooth 2.1 are standard.
What is chúng tôi & What is it Used For? Run an anti-malware program to remove the threat from your PC
The chúng tôi file has been reported to be consuming a high amount of CPU resources by multiple users.
Read this guide to understand what this EXE file is and if it is an important system file or not.
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Many readers have reported that they are seeing the chúng tôi process on their Task Managers, which is consuming high memory. They are confused about whether they should keep it intact or not.
In this guide, we will give you all the details that you need to know about chúng tôi and whether this is harmful or important for your PC. Let us get right into it.
After reading several forums and going through various reports, we discovered that chúng tôi is a malicious process that runs on your PC because of a virus infection.
This file is noticeably created by the FORBOT-BJ WORM. This worm virus is meant to steal sensitive data from your computer.
The virus basically creates and edits the registry files and makes the chúng tôi process run automatically on Windows startup.
If it says Microsoft, then it could be a system file. However, in case it says Unable to verify or something else, then it is a sure-shot malicious file.
Software, especially cryptocurrency miner software can mask themselves as important system files and cause various issues on your computer after infecting them.
This chúng tôi file is also a part of malicious programs that can infect your sensitive files and lock them behind paywalls or steal them and send them to the attacker over the network.
Moreover, the chúng tôi file isn’t an important system file, and you can easily disable the process and it will cause no harm to your PC. So, you can remove it from your computer.1. Run an antivirus scan
The best way to remove any virus or malware from your computer is to simply perform a virus scan and remove the detected problem.
For that, you can use the Windows Security tool that comes built-in with Windows OS. However, this isn’t as effective as dedicated antivirus software.
In such a case, we have listed some of the best anti-malware software and the best antivirus software that you can use and easily resolve such issues and keep your PC protected.2. Clean the registry
Since this chúng tôi malicious file tweaks the registry and causes all sorts of damage to your computer, we would suggest you perform a registry cleanup.
For that purpose, you do not need to do anything manually. You can simply use some of the best registry cleaners that we have tested and get done with your job.
Using the registry cleaner, you will make sure that there are no traces of the chúng tôi file on your computer.
On the same note, you could use a standalone PC repair application that can fix Registry issues alongside corrupted registry files.3. Perform a system restore
To make that process easy, we have a guide that explains how you can reinstall Windows with just 2 easy steps. This guide explains everything in detail and will help you remove the chúng tôi file from your PC.
You can also download the Windows 11 ISO and install it using bootable USB media. In order to learn how to create bootable media, we would suggest you check out our guide.
But before you do that, we would suggest you back up the data on your PC, so that none of your important data is lost when reinstalling or upgrading the PC.
That is it from us in this guide. You can also check our guide that explains what is the chúng tôi file and if you should delete it from your PC or not. We have also detailed whether or not you should keep the chúng tôi file on your computer or not.
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Crypto Miner WinstarNssmMiner: Malicious Malware Attacks!
Once it starts mining, it eats into your PC’s power. This may not seem like a very big deal, but, when this process is finally noticed by the victim and they want to delete this virus from their PC, it turns malicious and begins deleting the data that is stored in the PC’s drives. This is exactly what is being done by ‘WinstarNssmMiner’. This coin miner has hit 500,000 victims in a matter of days!‘WinstarNssmMiner’: How It Operates
It first infects the victim’s PC. at this stage it is not detected by the user. Once in the PC’s processor, it scans for Kaspersky and Avast antivirus applications that run on PC. In the off chance, that the user is using either of the 2 famous antiviruses, it abandons the infection process. If it does not detect the two, it launches two chúng tôi processes. One of these processes are meant for mining and the other to override the antivirus. The processes are powerful enough to override majority of the famous Antivirus programs available in the market. It is due to this feature that it manages to avoid detection until it is too late.
360 security researchers who first detected the malware, said, “This malware is very hard to remove since victims’ computers crash as soon as [it’s] found. We’re quite surprised to see a cryptominer being so brutal to hijack victims’ computers by adopting techniques of stubborn malware”.The Consensus: Beware!
It may seem futile trying to remove the malware when it so blatantly damages the data on the PC before crashing it completely and rendering it useless. The key factor to keep in mind is that this malware fears good quality antivirus programs. Hence, one needs to update their computers and load only the best antivirus to protect their data. As cryptocurrency usage becomes more mainstream, it is important that we keep a few things in mind.
Invest in a good quality antivirus.
Also, update to the latest version currently loaded on your PC
Backup your data
Avoid sites where such dubious scripts can enter your system
Check each and every new application with the antivirus program before executing it.
One does not know the end game of this malware. As previously stated, the number of malicious cryptojacking malware are increasing in the market. Surprisingly, WinstarNssmMiner is based on a standard XMR mining rig. It shows its true colors only when it is pitted against antivirus programmers. At the time of publishing, it had already managed to mine 133 coins, worth $26,800.Quick Reaction:
About the author
Tweak Library Team
Your computer is probably the most valuable asset in your home, even though it’s not the most expensive. Gaining access to your computer can make a lot of money for creators of spyware, malware and ransomware. For example, a new ransomware called CryptoWall has been going around lately that encrypts everything on your hard drive and won’t give you the decryption key until you pay them money.
A lot of systems become infected when someone opens an email attachment that appears to be safe, but in reality is malware. To protect yourself from those type of situations, you really need a real-time monitoring program in order to stop the malware from installing itself immediately.
Table of Contents
I’m going to mention a couple of great free anti-malware programs, but most of them do not include real-time monitoring in the free versions. Whether you should purchase the premium or pro versions depends on what kind of computer user you are. If you haven’t gotten a virus or malware in many years, you probably know how to avoid these types of scams, but if you’re uncertain about whether something is legitimate or not, it’s probably a good idea to have more protection.Malwarebytes Anti-Malware
One of the best tools for repairing malware infections is Malwarebytes Anti-Malware. The free version includes anti-malware, anti-spyware and anti-rootkit protection. The big downside to the free version is that it does not include real-time protection or automated scans, so malware would not be blocked from installing itself onto your system and would only be removed once you ran a manual scan.
Overall, it’s a great product and can really help you remove any pre-existing malware on your system. However, the real value of the program is in the real-time monitoring and protection available only in the premium version ($25).Spybot Search & Destroy
Spybot has been around for a very long time and has a very good track record of finding and removing spyware and malware. It’s trustworthy and regularly updated.
When installing Spybot, you’ll be asked whether you want to be protected automatically or whether you want more control and feedback from the program, so pick the option that suits you best.
Once complete, you can go back to the main window and perform a system or file scan. Again, there is no live protection in the free version. Also, the free version only has malware and rootkit protection, not virus protection. They have a Home version for $14 and a Professional version for $26.
It does have a feature called Immunization, which basically is website blocking of known malware sites. It’s not enabled by default, so you have to manually enable it.Ad-Aware
Ad-Aware has also been around for a very long time and is one of the best antivirus programs out there. When installing the program, make sure to uncheck the two boxes for SecureSearch as that is not really worth it. Google does just fine protecting your searches.
The best thing about Ad-Aware is that it supports real-time protection in the free version! Just about all the other programs require a paid version for real-time monitoring. They do have several paid versions ranging from $24 to $50, but you get a lot of protection without having to pay anything.
In the paid versions, you can also get email protection, which is really useful to avoid those nefarious attachments that can infect your system.SUPERAntiSpyware
SUPERAntiSpyware is another spyware/malware removal program that has a long history. A lot of these older programs have gotten better and better over the years and that’s why you keep hearing the same names over and over again.
Again, the free version does not include real-time protection, scheduled scans or automatic updates. The paid version is $20, but it’s a yearly fee. I’m willing to pay companies like Kaspersky a yearly subscription fee because they do an excellent job, but I really don’t think SUPERAntiSpyware is worth $20 every year. If you plan to purchase an anti-spyware program, it’s best to pick one of the above-mentioned ones instead.AdwCleaner
AdwCleaner is probably the only program you may not have already heard about. Basically, this program focuses on toolbars, browser hijackers, adware, etc.
The program catches a lot of malware that other programs sometimes miss, so that’s why I have mentioned it here. In my opinion after using malware programs for the last 15 years, these are the best options in terms of freeware. I would highly recommend, though, purchasing a full version of one of the programs for real-time protection. Enjoy!
Malicious software, or malware, is any software that causes damage to a computer system. Malware can take the shape of worms, viruses, trojans, spyware, adware, and rootkits, among other things, and can steal confidential information, erase documents, or install software that has operating system’s design and applications (such as older versions of Microsoft Internet Explorer supported by Windows XP) and susceptible versions of browser plugins. Even installing new versions of such plugins store data in a specific memory region fails to prevent more data from being supplied than the buffer can handle.
Malware may send data that overflows the buffer and includes harmful executable code or data at the end. When this payload is retrieved, it performs whatever the attacker, not the legitimate software, wants. Anti-malware software is becoming more dangerous to malware detection.User Mistakes or Insecure Design
Floppy discs were used to start early PCs. When built-in hard drives became popular, the operating system was typically started from them, but it was possible to boot from a floppy disc, CD-ROM, DVD-ROM, USB flash drive, or network if one was available. When one of these devices was accessible, setting the computer to boot from it was typical. Usually, none would be available; instead, the user would purposefully place a CD into the optical drive, for example, to boot the computer in a unique method, such as to install an operating system. Computers can be programmed to run software on specific media when it becomes accessible, even if they are not booted.
The user would be tricked into booting or operating from an infected device or medium by malware distributors. A virus, for example, may make any USB stick inserted into an infected computer add auto-runnable code. Anyone who then connected the stick to a computer set to autorun from USB became infected and spread the infection in the same way.Same OS Used Again
Suppose all computers in a network run the same operating system, for Windows and Mac OS X, in particular, have such a significant market share that an exploited vulnerability focusing on either operating system might compromise a significant number of systems. In the short term, introducing diversity just for the sake of robustness, such as adding Linux systems, may increase training and maintenance costs.Signature Change
Viruses that change their signature can sneak past signature-based virus scanners. This is known as polymorphic malware, and it works by that has no effect on the virus’s functionality is enough to alter the signature and prevent antivirus software from recognizing it. The malware has an encryption generator, which generates various encryption techniques. The various encryption operations then encrypt and decrypt additional functions — the ones that damage the code and effectively tamper it.New Method to Bypass Antivirus
The preceding approaches rely on obtaining a file onto the target machine and then executing it. There’s a newer technique of operating malware on a computer that doesn’t require anything to be saved on the target computer.
This sort of malware runs entirely in the memory of the computer, obviating the need for antivirus software. The malware is not sent directly from the infected webpage. Instead, it directs the machine to download the malware to a memory location by exploiting a previously known weakness in a related program. The memory region is then executed, just like the other malware variants.
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