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The use of AI and AR represents significant benefits across the entire global supply chain. According to a recent survey of the growth, trends, and forecasts of the food and beverage market through the use of the results of the AI Domino Study during 2025. AI-guided chatbots help consumers do their shopping more and easily. In fact, 50% of consumers will spend more time in a store or on a company’s website when customers feel that the company provides better customer service. AI chatbots provide this opportunity and can be used to analyze, monitor and influence consumer behavior and purchasing decisions. In particular, artificial intelligence within the food and beverage sector will achieve a 65.3% CAGR between 2023 and 2025.
There is a problem of large-scale deployment of AI and AR in the food and beverage industry. While these technologies can boost efficiency, food and beverage companies have low margins and limited resources. It is impractical for such companies to develop the same investment capital as that available like Google or Amazon. The cost of AI is not cheap, and major technology companies spend more than $ 650 million annually to build such resources. Coupled with consumer demands for faster, more affordable and more easily accessible food options, the use of AI in the food and beverage supply chain may seem impossible.
Also read: Top 9 WordPress Lead Generation Plugins in 2023Major Grocers Look to AI to Boost Profitability and Lower Risk
An international supply chain survey discovered 84 percent of primary distribution chain officers recognize that a”lack of visibility” since the biggest obstacle they face. Comparable to makers, food distribution chains require an extract of AI, analytics, and also blockchain to boost visibility, increase endurance, and lower risks. Improved visibility is vital to reducing disturbance, and coupled with the ability of AI, more visibility may allow replenishment methods to operate by themselves, self-optimizing ordering procedures, linking with consumers to maneuver more foods from shelf to dining table, and also knowing where dangers dwell.AI-Guided Systems Enable Inventory Optimization of the Food Supply Chain AI Helps Companies Predict Demands Based on Various Factors
Also read: 14 Best Webinar Software Tools in 2023 (Ultimate Guide for Free)Automated Traceability Builds Customer Confidence in the Supply Chain
Grocers across the US experienced a solid increase in criticism and demands for greater transparency over the past couple of decades. The present procedures and technology set up do a bad job of allowing true traceability from farm to fork, and AI combined with blockchain can offer the immutable data necessary and evidence required of the planet’s major food distribution chains to ensure security, quality, and customer confidence.
AR-enabled eyeglasses can help farmworkers identify vegetables and fruits when they’re ripe. The identical technology can connect to blockchain-based systems to make an unchangeable listing of source. AI-guided systems may use the data gathered from this stage to compare food accessibility into incoming grocer and restaurant requests. It’s an ecosystem of automation and continuous improvement.Final Thoughts on the Food Supply Chain and AI Going Forward in 2023
The food supply chain is under continuous attack from dangers, including the spread of germs and food-borne ailments, doubt concerning climate, political influences, and much more. No matter the leaders of the food distribution chain has to work to mitigate those risks and make sure the planet can still eat elsewhere and well into the future. Using AI and AR, food chains may eventually attain just a tiny piece of calmness of mind and prevent big disruptions. Additionally, AI and AR will continue to progress and extend new opportunities to boost meals supply chain management and accumulative visibility.
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Microbiology is the study of different microbes such as bacteria, viruses, slime molds, fungi, and protozoans. Microbes can be unicellular, multicellular, or acellular. The study of microorganisms that modify, colonize, contaminate or process food is known as food microbiology.History of Food Microbiology
Food history varies with culture, environment, and social and economic impacts. The history of Food Microbiology is classified based on time and periods. In 7000 BC there was evidence of the manufacturing of beer.
The wine was found to be manufactured in about 3500 BC. For the first time, food spoilage was recorded in 6000 BC.
Around 3000 BC, Egyptians started manufacturing cheese and butter.
To prevent the spoilage of food, snow was used to preserve shrimp in 1000 BC.Food Processing in Households Curd
Lactobacillus is known as Lactic acid bacteria (LAB).
It grows in milk and converts it into curd.
LAB works by producing lactic acid that will coagulate the milk and will also partially digest milk proteins.
small quantity of curd will act as inoculum of LAB. When this inoculum is added to fresh milk and kept at a suitable temperature, it will multiply and convert milk into curd.
LAB increases the nutritional value of curd by increasing the Vitamin B12 in it.
Curd also acts as a probiotic for our stomach and checks the diseasecausing organism.Cheese
Cheese is one of the oldest items in which microbes were used.
Different varieties of cheese are available based on flavour, texture, and taste. These characteristics are dependent on the type of microbes used.
Swiss cheese contains large holes in it due to the bacterium Propionibacterium shermanii which produces a large amount of carbondioxide.
Cheese are classified into the following types −
Type of Cheese Microorganism Used
Propionibacterium shermaniiOther products used in Household
The dough, used for making dosa and idli are also fermented by bacteria. These foods get puffed up due to the release of carbon dioxide in the dough.
Dough used for making bread in bakeries is fermented with Saccharomyces cerevisiae, also known as baker’s yeast.
One of the most common traditional drinks. Today is obtained from the sap of palms and is also fermented by microbes.Microbes in Industrial Products
Microbes are widely used in different parts of industries for the benefit of living organisms.Alcoholic Beverages/Fermented Beverages
For years, yeast had been used for the production of wine, beer, brandy, whiskey, or rum.
Saccharomyces cerevisiae used for bread-making is the same yeast used for the preparation of fermented beverages. This yeast is also known as brewer’s yeast used for fermenting malted cereals and fruit juices, in order to produce ethanol.
Based on the type of raw material used for fermentation, and the type of processing used, different types of alcoholic beverages are obtained.Other products obtained from yeast fermentation are as follows
Beer obtained from Barley (Hordeum vulgare) malt, in which alcohol content is just 3 to 6 percent.
Grapes are used to obtain wine and alcohol content is 10 to 20 percent.
Distillation of wine and alcohol is used to obtain Brandy and alcohol content is 60 to 70 percent.
European Rye cereal is sued to obtain Gin in which alcohol content is 40 percent.
Molasses of sugarcane is used to obtain Rum and the alcohol content is 40 percent.Production of Antibiotics
The term antibiotic was given by Selman Walksman in 1942. They are considered remarkable discoveries for the welfare of human beings. The word antibiotic means something that fights against the living or against life in terms of disease causing organisms, and for humans, they prove to be beneficial.
The first antibiotic discovered was Penicillin. It was discovered by Alexander Fleming. It was a by-chance discovery. He was working on Staphylococcus bacteria growing on unwashed culture plates. These bacteria did not grow because there was a mould growing in culture plate which releases a chemical that inhibits the growth of bacteria. He named this mould Penicillin with a later name Penicillium notatum.
Antibiotics have greatly improved the ability to fight different deadly diseases such as Whooping cough, plague, diptheria, leprosy, etc., which earlier killed millions of people worldwide.Organic Acid
Fermentation activities of certain bacteria and fungi are used to obtain organic acids.
Citric acid is obtained by anaerobic fermentation of sucrose. It is used as flavouring extract, malek medicines, dying, food, and candies ink. Fungus Aspergillus niger is used to obtain citric acid.
Acetic acid or vinegar is used is obtained by the two-step fermentation process. Firstly, carbohydrates are converted into alcohol by alcoholic fermentation and in the second step, alcohol is oxidized by Acetobacter aceti into acetic acid.
Butyric acid is obtained from Clostridium butylicum.Enzymes
Enzymes are another milestone obtained through different microbial activity.
The bottle juices are clarified by the use of pectinase and protease.
Tissue plasminogen activator (TPA) or streptokinase is produced from the bacterium Streptococcus and is used as a clot buster for removing clots from the blood vessels for patients who have undergone myocardial infarction.Conclusion
Microbiology is the study of different microbes such as bacteria, viruses, slime molds, fungi, and protozoans. Food history varies with culture, environment, social, and economic impacts. The history of food microbiology is classified based on time and periods. Curd, cheese, dough, and other drinks use different microbes for their processing. Microbes have industrial applications, that is, for obtaining antibiotics, enzymes, alcoholic beverages, and organic acids.FAQs
Q1. What is Cyclosporin A?
Ans. Cyclosporin is an immunosuppressant obtained from the fungus Trichoderma polysporum. It is used during organ transplants to prevent the rejection of grafts.
Q2. What are statins?
Ans. Statins are obtained from the yeast Monascus purpureus. It inhibits the synthesis of cholesterol and is thus used as a blood cholesterol-lowering agent.
Q3. Explain how microbes are used as biofertilizers?
Ans. Rhizobium bacteria is used to fix atmospheric nitrogen into organic forms. They are cheap, environment friendly, replenish the soil nutrients, and help in organic farming.
Q4. What is single-cell protein?
Ans. Single-cell protein is an alternate source of protein for plants and animals. So, microbes can be used as a good source of proteins.
IoT is often viewed as the new enormous modern upset after the Internet. Notwithstanding connecting machines with machines and with individuals, it is likewise promoting an upgraded feeling of attention to our environment. From washing machines to coffee makers, everything would now be able to be connected and controlled. It doesn’t come as unexpected that spending on IoT around the world across business sectors is anticipated to ascend from $737 billion of 2024 to an incredible $1.29 trillion by 2023. Machine learning matched with complex AI algorithms hold the capacity to totally change the intents and purposes of any industry. Most definitely, the insurance industry isn’t a special case. Since its beginning, the insurance business has been fueled by science and maths; initially just a financier could ascertain solid risk rates and offer adequate payouts that would not close down the insurance agency. With the development of AI, it is conceivable to utilize it to repeatable operations that depend on rationale and mathematics at a higher authenticity quality rate than that done by people. Insurance officials must comprehend the components that will add to this change and how AI will reshape claims, distribution, and endorsing and costing. With this understanding, they can begin to fabricate the skills and abilities, take hold of the developing technologies, and make the way of life and point of view needed to be fruitful players in the insurance business of the future. AI and IoT are already shaping the insurance industry. Let’s look at how AI and IoT will help shape theData Explosion from Connected Devices
In industrial settings, tools with sensors have been omnipresent for quite a while, yet the coming years will see an enormous increment in the number of connected consumer devices. The infiltration of existing gadgets, for example, vehicles, fitness trackers, home assistants, cell phones, and smartwatches will keep on expanding quickly, joined by new, developing classifications, for example, apparel, eyewear, home appliances, medical gadgets, and shoes. The subsequent torrential slide of new data made by these gadgets will enable bearers to comprehend their customers all the more deeply, bringing about new product classifications, more customized pricing, and growingly real-time service delivery.Risk Assessment and Big Data
Most of the leading insurance agencies are blending their data analytics algorithms with probably the most recent AI innovation so as to enhance the precision of risk calculations. The explanation behind this is that insurance agencies need huge amounts of information so as to enhance their appreciation of customer hazard.Physical Robots Developments in Cognitive Technology Digital Transformations
The power that AI processing will pick up specifically relies upon the size and the nature of data that is accessible to it. Basically, the more data AI has about its clients, the better rate it can offer; it won’t be restricted to giving you the best sort of inclusion, however, it will likewise have the capacity to give you a superior cost. By connecting with sensors and IoT gadgets, policies may change in real-time by adapting increasingly around an enrollee’s conduct and risk profile.
As the benefits of AI are being recognized by business leaders around the world, investments in AI solutions rise. The global market is projected to reach $126 billion by 2025 (see Figure 1). However, like every other technology, people have concerns over the implementation of AI and have trust issues regarding the fact that it can inherit bias from its training data.
An AI model is considered biased when it generates an erroneous or biased output based on insufficient or poor model training. To learn more about AI bias, check out this comprehensive article. Implementing AI can be expensive. Therefore, it is important for business leaders to understand the technology and the concerns associated with it. This is especially true in the healthcare sector.
This article explores AI bias in the healthcare sector to guide healthcare institutions/facilities for their future investments in the technology.Figure 1. AI software market growth from 2023 to 2025
Source: StatistaWhat does AI bias mean for healthcare?
AI is improving various areas in healthcare, including surgery, radiology, pathology, etc. While AI bias can only cause inefficiencies in an industry such as manufacturing, it can have dangerous consequences in the healthcare sector. For example, a biased result generated from an AI-enabled computer vision system for radiology can lead to an incorrect diagnosis. This can pose a serious risk for patients.How does AI bias happen in healthcare?
Here is a simple example of AI bias in Alzheimer’s diagnosis (See Figure 2):
Gathering Training Data: The data gathered for training is biased and covers a limited range of patients.
Application: When applied to the real population with a wider range of patient types, the AI model erroneously classifies some population that was not available in the training data as unknown.Figure 2. AI bias in Alzheimer’s diagnosis What are the types of biases in healthcare?
The initial step is understanding the sources of the data and which biases can be present there. The following types of biases can be found in training data:How to avoid AI bias?
A completely unbiased AI is not possible in the current world. However, steps can be taken to improve the quality and range of the data to reduce bias.
The following points can help reduce AI bias:
At the development stage, business leaders must gather a team of AI developers from multiple backgrounds. This can help widen the horizon of the development process.
At an industrial level, there is a need for regulatory action by government and academic bodies to ensure that AI development in the healthcare sector is unbiased and fair.
In the healthcare sector, the availability of high-quality data is a challenge due to its sensitive nature. Work needs to be done to ensure that enough medical data is available for training a robust and fair AI model.
A data-centric approach to AI development can help address biases in AI systems.
Check our comprehensive list of actions you can take to reduce biases in your AI systems.Further reading
If you have any questions, feel free to contact us:
Shehmir Javaid is an industry analyst at AIMultiple. He has a background in logistics and supply chain management research and loves learning about innovative technology and sustainability. He completed his MSc in logistics and operations management from Cardiff University UK and Bachelor’s in international business administration From Cardiff Metropolitan University UK.
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In Religious Studies, more than one definition of religion has gained consensus. There should be more disagreement. The definition provided here is a working definition; It is adapted from one proposed by Gavin Flood and offered for clarity and to spark discussion between two fields. A set of beliefs and practices that bonds its adherents together and to non-human reality through ritual and ethical behaviour; this might be a religion.Understanding the Role of Religion
The term “grand narrative” describes a story-like structure with a dominant position concerning other narratives & symbols in society. It deals with themes of enormous relevance for humans (such as human destiny or the nature of the cosmos). Furthermore, blends in Religious myths are one type of grand story. However, many more, such as those about emancipation through science or national glory, could also fit into this category. I use the term “quasi-narrative” to indicate that a magnificent story is not necessarily a complete and detailed tale, as with most classic myths. Like most people’s life stories, they could be brief, provocative, or incomplete.
In addition to the gods, spirits, immortal powers, and conditions of numerous traditional faiths, “trans-human realities” can also refer to things like History, the Unconscious, Society, and Nations. In the field of Religious Studies, two distinct but complementary modes of interpretation are recognised: emic interpretation, which makes use of the categories of the persons being studied, & etic interpretation, in which the observer employs an interpretive framework that is separate from the people being studied.
Most adherents of contemporary ideologies and nationalisms prefer not to label their practice as “religion,” and emic interpretations have respected this self-understanding. We are in an epic moment where we must start calling things by their proper names. When nationalisms and ideologies exhibit the same characteristics above, we have to call them religions, regardless of whether they have traditionally been termed religions or whether the people who practise them seem happy with the label.Interrelationship of Religion and Peace
There are four main ways in which religion is related to peace
True Peace − True peace rests on the notions of human dignity and the shared humanity of everyone, originating from the belief that we are all made in God’s image. Critical post-conflict reconciling efforts are supported by religious conceptions of redemption and forgiveness, which provide resources to assist societies in healing from the ravages of war.
Peaceful Resistance − Peaceful resistance to social injustice is generally the subject of interfaith protests. Consider religious attempts to end ethnic cleansing in Darfur or the denouncing of apartheid & segregation as sins by various faiths.
Religion Stands − Religion stands for civil solid society communities and institutions generally perceived as representing uniting ideals that transcend contentious subjects; they are often one of the most stable, most trusted actors in crisis contexts, capable of contributing to settling disagreements. Consider the work of organisations like the Communities of Sant’Egidio, which, among other things, mediated the 1992 peace treaty that ended Mozambique’s 30-year civil conflict. Similarly, there have been ecumenical Christian attempts in Colombia and Muslim-Christian alliances in the wake of the Balkan crises. Peace requires conditions of hope, help for the needy, and stability, all fostered by local and worldwide religious groups but are often underappreciated for their importance.
Interfaith Efforts − Interfaith efforts have helped improve the lives of millions of people affected by civil strife in nearly every war zone worldwide. These efforts to bridge religious divides have yielded positive results but have not been sustainable. Unfortunately, they are often unable to be heard over the din of the conflict, fail to establish political clout, and have no bearing on the outcome of crises. Microscopically, these interfaith initiatives in Africa, the Middle East, and East Asia all help, but in the long run, they rarely alter the course of events for nations mired in civil conflict or regional struggle. Despite these obstacles, interfaith groups often catalyse positive change in peace, mutual collaboration, and reconciliation.
With September 21st having been designated as International Day of Peaceful, it seems appropriate to remind the world’s political, business, cultural, and religious leaders of the best present religion, at its best, has offered to humanity: the vision of humanity’s boundless potential in times of peace.Studies in Religion and Conflict Resolution
An additional academic field that benefited from the Oriental Enlightenment was indeed the study of religions. The flood of sacred writings into the West in the final decades of the nineteenth century prompted serious consideration of the universal themes shared by significant faith traditions. Moreover, the necessity of developing novel approaches to investigating them. The Orientalist Max Müller proposed the establishment of a science of religion in one of its 51 volumes of The Sacred Books of the East, released between 1879 and 1904.
Religious Studies as it is more commonly called now, has developed significantly from the late nineteenth to early twentieth century and has become an increasingly valuable contributor to civil discussions between different faiths and cultures. This shift has occurred gradually, with parallel changes in other fields of study.
Western researchers’ initial enthusiasm for the texts & traditions of Asia has sometimes been stifled by three forms of hubris in the early phases of the research of religion
The Haughtiness of the Scientific Community. Many Western scholars believed that all faiths, especially non-Western types, were the result of primitive superstition, infantilism, and plain error and that the West was the land of reason and knowledge. Much time and effort were devoted to guessing at the beginnings of religion (here, interpreted as the beginnings of a mistake), and these endeavours were as famous for their disregard for evidence as they were for their creativity.
The Pride of a Single Religion. Christians made up the vast majority of researchers of Asian religions, and many held the conviction that Christianity was the most logical and moral of all world religions. Studies comparing different faiths typically rank Christianity at the top, whereas tribal religions are at the bottom.
Imperialism and the Pride of Civilised People. For many Westerners interested in the emerging field of religious studies, the assumption that the West possesses the oldest, soundest, and most up-to-date systems in areas such as science, religion, philosophy, political and economic theory, as well as the study of history carries the genuine implication that non-Western communities should allow themselves to be tutored by and governed by the West.Religious Sources of Peace Education
It has long been acknowledged that Indian traditions focus on the harmonious coexistence of all communities and people. The nation’s culture, with its timeless spirit of unity and variety, respect and regard for all forms of life, bears witness to the society’s peace traditions. According to various customs, languages, and civilisations, peace governs these many traditions. Almost all religions, in their way, are staunch supporters of peace and its propagation. It should be underlined that it is not a religion but the distortion of its interpretation by many inept individuals that wreaks havoc on the fabric of peace.Conclusion
Religion’s influence on the “spirit of war” and the “spirit of peace” is nuanced and multidimensional. Religion can both incite hostility and promote peacefulness. Religions can be powerful tools for peace and understanding, but it is up to people and groups to use them in that way.
Over the last few years, the role of Chief Security Information Offers (CISOs) has changed at an unprecedented rate. They are responsible for establishing security strategy, managing safety risks, and ensuring data assets are protected. The shift in a CISO role is largely driven by the deployment ofThe CISO Role in IoT Security
In the coming years, it is evident that new security and privacy implications will likely to rise as IoT is increasingly incorporated into business processes. In this case, CISOs will need to figure out which devices are connected, and how to store and secure data that IoT devices produce. CISOs must understand how the cyber threat landscape is evolving and how that could affect the security risks facing their organizations. They will need to adapt and take a broader view of the assets that they are tasked with securing. There are a wide array of attack vectors that IoT can draw within an enterprise, including network and firewall weaknesses, malicious mobile apps and malware downloaded through spear phishing, among others. Also, connected devices can bring a wider range of possible avenues to exploit. ModernPreparing for the Future
It is not always possible for vulnerable devices to be updated as well as for vendors to cure these issues. Companies will likely to see the generation of hardware devices in years to come that will need to be replaced when critical vulnerabilities occur. For future CISOs, it will be difficult to deal with challenges that connected devices pose, including reduced visibility of traffic going in and out of the enterprise. On the other hand, lack of resources, tools and capacity can thwart IT staff from being able to have a clear picture of a company’s network. Thus, in this scenario, CISOs must go beyond the computer systems and focus their efforts on all connected devices within the enterprise and involve them in their overall security planning and testing.
Over the last few years, the role of Chief Security Information Offers (CISOs) has changed at an unprecedented rate. They are responsible for establishing security strategy, managing safety risks, and ensuring data assets are protected. The shift in a CISO role is largely driven by the deployment of Cyber-Physical Systems such as IoT devices which is used across various applications in diverse industries. However, these devices that are connected to the Internet are poised to become a novel challenge to enterprise security. So, this is the CISO’s accountability to create a strategy that addresses ever-increasing security risks. As more businesses will deploy IoT devices , there are more chances of cyberattacks. While agent-based technologies are not able to safeguard these embedded devices from malicious threats, CISOs need to deliver new strategies to overcome IoT security risks. IoT is not only limited to enterprises. It also has applications for connected home devices, from security systems to Wi-Fi-powered fridges, lighting, printers, and watches. Though the interest in connected devices increases, there is some criticism over the industry regarding how secure these devices are. It is estimated that there will be 6.4 billion connected devices in use by the end of 2023, and more than half of major new business processes and systems will integrate elements of chúng tôi the coming years, it is evident that new security and privacy implications will likely to rise as IoT is increasingly incorporated into business processes. In this case, CISOs will need to figure out which devices are connected, and how to store and secure data that IoT devices produce. CISOs must understand how the cyber threat landscape is evolving and how that could affect the security risks facing their organizations. They will need to adapt and take a broader view of the assets that they are tasked with securing. There are a wide array of attack vectors that IoT can draw within an enterprise, including network and firewall weaknesses, malicious mobile apps and malware downloaded through spear phishing, among others. Also, connected devices can bring a wider range of possible avenues to exploit. Modern IoT cybersecurity solutions are built on several common tenets such as visibility, security policy creation, security policy enforcement and utilization. The vendors that focus on addressing visibility and utilization are highly distinguished. As some are able to classify an IoT device-type, others are delivering device-specific capabilities. Also, while some have the ability to provide selected utilization metrics of devices communicating through commonly known protocols, others are delivering extraordinary levels of detail, instead of how unique or striking the chúng tôi is not always possible for vulnerable devices to be updated as well as for vendors to cure these issues. Companies will likely to see the generation of hardware devices in years to come that will need to be replaced when critical vulnerabilities occur. For future CISOs, it will be difficult to deal with challenges that connected devices pose, including reduced visibility of traffic going in and out of the enterprise. On the other hand, lack of resources, tools and capacity can thwart IT staff from being able to have a clear picture of a company’s network. Thus, in this scenario, CISOs must go beyond the computer systems and focus their efforts on all connected devices within the enterprise and involve them in their overall security planning and testing. Hence, as the internet of things presents novel challenges for modern businesses, CISOs must consider a strategic approach that starts by comprehending the categories of IoT devices they use. They need to rely on segmentation in the process of ensuring IoT security, regardless of standard methods that they often practice to control general-purpose computers. Since no one is able to prevent all incidents, having a comprehensive containment plan based on real-world knowledge can be constructive.
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