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As the benefits of AI are being recognized by business leaders around the world, investments in AI solutions rise. The global market is projected to reach $126 billion by 2025 (see Figure 1). However, like every other technology, people have concerns over the implementation of AI and have trust issues regarding the fact that it can inherit bias from its training data. 

An AI model is considered biased when it generates an erroneous or biased output based on insufficient or poor model training. To learn more about AI bias, check out this comprehensive article. Implementing AI can be expensive. Therefore, it is important for business leaders to understand the technology and the concerns associated with it. This is especially true in the healthcare sector.

This article explores AI bias in the healthcare sector to guide healthcare institutions/facilities for their future investments in the technology.

Figure 1. AI software market growth from 2023 to 2025

Source: Statista

What does AI bias mean for healthcare?

AI is improving various areas in healthcare, including surgery, radiology, pathology, etc. While AI bias can only cause inefficiencies in an industry such as manufacturing, it can have dangerous consequences in the healthcare sector. For example, a biased result generated from an AI-enabled computer vision system for radiology can lead to an incorrect diagnosis. This can pose a serious risk for patients. 

How does AI bias happen in healthcare?

Here is a simple example of AI bias in Alzheimer’s diagnosis (See Figure 2):

Gathering Training Data: The data gathered for training is biased and covers a limited range of patients.

Application: When applied to the real population with a wider range of patient types, the AI model erroneously classifies some population that was not available in the training data as unknown.

Figure 2. AI bias in Alzheimer’s diagnosis What are the types of biases in healthcare?

The initial step is understanding the sources of the data and which biases can be present there. The following types of biases can be found in training data:

How to avoid AI bias?

A completely unbiased AI is not possible in the current world. However, steps can be taken to improve the quality and range of the data to reduce bias.

The following points can help reduce AI bias:

At the development stage, business leaders must gather a team of AI developers from multiple backgrounds. This can help widen the horizon of the development process.

At an industrial level, there is a need for regulatory action by government and academic bodies to ensure that AI development in the healthcare sector is unbiased and fair.

In the healthcare sector, the availability of high-quality data is a challenge due to its sensitive nature. Work needs to be done to ensure that enough medical data is available for training a robust and fair AI model.

A data-centric approach to AI development can help address biases in AI systems.

Check our comprehensive list of actions you can take to reduce biases in your AI systems.

Further reading

If you have any questions, feel free to contact us:

Shehmir Javaid

Shehmir Javaid is an industry analyst at AIMultiple. He has a background in logistics and supply chain management research and loves learning about innovative technology and sustainability. He completed his MSc in logistics and operations management from Cardiff University UK and Bachelor’s in international business administration From Cardiff Metropolitan University UK.

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What Causes Motion Sickness—And How To Avoid It

Back in the late 19th century, some thrill-seekers got their kicks by riding what was called a haunted swing. This appeared to be a normal room, furnished with a table, chairs, and, in at least one case, a piano, but there was a trick: Suspended from an iron beam across its middle were several seats on a swing, a bit like the pirate-ship-shaped gondolas found at modern carnivals. After making the seats sway to-and-fro as expected, an attendant would stop the swing and spin the entire room around the riders (all the furniture was bolted to the floor). Part of the crowd was delighted; the rest wanted to puke. 

As one visitor to the 1894 Midwinter Fair in San Francisco put it: “Many persons were actually made sick by the illusion. I have met a number of gentlemen who said they could scarcely walk out of the building from dizziness and nausea.” What they were feeling was a form of motion sickness, brought on by the mismatch between the stillness of their seated bodies and the world whirling around them.

Symptoms and causes of motion sickness

The two most prominent effects of motion sickness are nausea and vomiting. Queasy sensations usually come first, but it’s possible to have one without the other—some motion-sick people throw up without much warning. Symptoms also include feeling flushed (without any actual increase in body temperature), dizziness, disorientation, headaches, loss of appetite, lots of salivating, and cold sweats.

Generally speaking, there are two main ideas for how this illness arises: the “postural instability theory” and the “sensory conflict theory.” The first proposes that, as we lose control over our posture, as when at the mercy of a wave-rocked boat, we’ll get sick. The second, more often cited in medical research, explains that we become unwell because of the discrepancies between our sensory systems and our brains’ blueprints for how things ought to be. The haunted swing is a “classic example of sensory conflict,” says John Golding, a professor of applied psychology at the University of Westminster, in London, who has been studying motion sickness since the late 1980s.

[Related: How to fight motion sickness while gaming]

This is relevant for one important reason. Our brains are “like an archive,” able to “pick out and compare” what we’re experiencing now to past perceptions, says Behrang Keshavarz, who studies virtual reality and motion sickness as a senior scientist at the University Health Network’s KITE-Toronto Rehabilitation Institute in Canada. If our bodies’ sensations match each other—if the eyes and vestibular system line up—and our minds’ expectations follow along, great. If they’re slightly off, it’s probably fine. But when there are big differences in how they all sync up, the unpleasantries kick in. Surprisingly, the physical intensity of a movement doesn’t seem to influence the onset of this illness. “You don’t get horse-sick,” Golding says, no matter how vigorously the animal hoofs it. “You can get quite sick with more gentle types of motion.”

If we can become queasy so easily, is there an evolutionary explanation? It’s unclear, but some experts have proposed a “toxin theory” where “what we call motion sickness is simply the aberrant elicitation of a very ancient defense reflex,” Golding explains. Put another way, our dizzy brains think we’re being poisoned and force us to puke to expel the offending substance.

Some people are more susceptible to motion sickness than others. Golding’s research has found that those who experience migraines are more likely to experience the illness. There may be clues buried in our genetic material, but that research is in its early stages. One of the few DNA studies, conducted by genomics company 23andMe, identified at least 35 different genetic variants associated with car sickness. Golding likens this finding to the bell curve of height seen across human populations—there’s no one gene responsible for how tall we grow, but thousands of contributors. 

Age and biological sex could play a role, too. Babies under a year old rarely get motion sickness, but incidence peaks around 8, then decreases into adulthood. That could be different for VIMS, where people older than 65 are more likely to feel sick in a driving simulator, for instance. Meanwhile, some studies indicate that female individuals tend to experience motion sickness more than male individuals. But Keshavarz, who is also an adjunct professor in the Toronto Metropolitan University’s psychology department, says his work and other experiments have failed to consistently find a sex difference. 

Prevention and cures for motion sickness

The best way to handle motion sickness is to avoid what causes it, whether that means avoiding boat rides if you get seasick or helicopter tours if you feel airsick. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention also recommend passengers stay hydrated in transit, have frequent light snacks, avoid smoking, limit alcohol or caffeine, sit at the front of a car or bus, pick a window seat, and lie down or close their eyes if possible. 

[Related: Does ginger ale work for motion sickness?]

As a more general strategy, it helps to anticipate changes in motion. Being in control of the vehicle reduces the likelihood of motion sickness: Drivers are less likely to get sick than passengers, for example. Or focus on getting your bearings. “On the whole, if you can get a stable horizon view, you’re better off,” Golding says. (Reading a book or scrolling on a phone, on the other hand, can worsen things, because we’re shifting our eyes to stationary objects that don’t indicate we’re in motion.) Finally, some techniques can remove the trigger that is causing the sickness. As a rider of the haunted swing wrote in 1895, “The minute the eyes were shut the sensations vanished instantly.” 

It’s possible to treat symptoms of motion sickness with medications like diphenhydramine (sold under the brand name Benadryl), dimenhydrinate (Dramamine), or scopolamine, but these can also cause unwanted drowsiness. Golding’s behavioral studies have also found that controlled breaths—when “you concentrate on keeping your breathing very, very regular”—can relieve motion sickness; it’s about half as effective as medication, though without any side effects. And while there’s not much evidence that acupressure bands actually prevent nausea, wearing one on the wrist could provide psychological relief, Golding adds. “Placebo effects can be quite strong.”

Keshavarz has studied whether pleasant scents or sounds can reduce VIMS, and has found that listening to a favorite genre of music can be helpful in some circumstances. He’s currently examining whether changes to body temperatures have an effect, based on previous experiments with increased airflow exposure. “My hypothesis is that it cools the body and makes you feel better,” he says, counteracting the sensation of being flushed. But, overall, Keshavarz expects motion sickness to remain a problem as our dependency on technology grows. With driverless cars, self-driving air taxis, and shiny new VR products coming down the pike, it could mean more opportunities to lose our lunches.

What Is Snapchat My Ai Chatbot & How To Use It

The world is switching to Artificial Intelligence-powered (AI-powered) tools, and so are social media apps like Snapchat.

Yeah, you heard it right!

Snapchat, the popular photo messaging app, is set to launch its new My AI chatbot supported by Open AI’s ChatGPT. It is worth noting that Snapchat is the first social media platform to integrate an AI-powered chatbot for its users.

According to the reports, Snapchat will initially roll out My AI for Snapchat+ members in the United States. Keep reading to learn more about My AI.

What is Snapchat ‘My AI’ Chatbot Powered with ChatGPT:

My AI is Snapchat’s new experimental feature for Snapchat+ members. The feature is powered by artificial intelligence and acts as a companion while chatting with friends. Snap announced the launch of My AI in a recent blog post exclusively for its US-based Snapchat+ members.

The Chatbot can suggest gifts for your BFF, assist in planning trips, write poems, and even give dinner suggestions. The Chatbot is trained to have fun conversations in polite language, not including words that trigger violence or sexually explicit content. You can talk to My AI like a friend and share your likes and dislikes.

For a personalized experience, users can give My AI a custom name and add a personalized background.

How Does Snapchat ‘My AI’ Chatbot: Work

Snapchat My AI is a mobile-friendly chatbot that answers the user’s questions within the app. The feature acts as a companion while using the app. It provides suggestions or responds to your questions as ChatGPT does. My AI doesn’t support essays, so you may not get answers related to that using this feature.

Nevertheless, the app responds to your messages with artificial intelligence, and you can consider it as another hangout friend on Snapchat. It provides answers to various questions as you chat with your friends. However, since it’s a new feature, Snap suggests users not rely entirely on My AI.

Snap agrees that My AI is prone to errors, so the company has also requested that users provide feedback. Again, the best way to make this feature useful and relevant to users is by interacting with it consistently. The more you interact with My AI, the better responses you get!

How to Use Snapchat ‘My AI’ Chatbot

Snapchat My AI chatbot is exclusively available to Snapchat Plus members. So, you’ll see My AI on your device only if you are a Snapchat+ member. The feature will appear automatically in your chat feed. You can use My AI by swiping right from the Camera tab.

Alternatively, if you don’t have a Snapchat+ subscription, you can purchase it at $3.99 per month. The app allows users to access premium features via its one-week free trial.

Note that the company has released My AI for United States users. So, Snapchatters from other countries will have to wait until the feature is released in their countries.

How to Remove Snapchat ‘My AI’ From Your Chat Feed

If you are not interested in the My AI feature, you can disable it and remove it from your chat feed. Snapchat allows you to clear My AI conversations and remove My AI entirely from your chat feed. Here is how you can remove My AI from your chat feed:

Select Clear Conversations and hit the “X” button to disable My AI from your feed.

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Frequently Asked Questions

Does the Snapchat AI Chatbot Store Conversations?

Yes, Snapchat AI stores conversations. The conversations remain in the feed until you delete them. However, if you are concerned about your data privacy, you can remove My AI from Snapchat using the steps mentioned above. This will delete your conversations and remove My AI.

What Other Data Can It Access?

Conclusion – Snapchat’s My AI Chatbot

Snapchat’s My AI Chatbot is the latest feature of Snapchat. The feature has several pros and cons, but overall, My AI will improve the user’s experience on Snapchat. If you are a Snapchat+ user in the US, you can enjoy using this feature immediately. You can also provide your feedback to help Snapchat improve My AI.

Users from countries other than the US must wait until Snapchat rolls out this feature for other countries.

What Is Role Of Ai And Ar In Food Logistics?

Setting the Stage: AI and AR Represent Major Growth Areas Within the Food Supply Chain

The use of AI and AR represents significant benefits across the entire global supply chain. According to a recent survey of the growth, trends, and forecasts of the food and beverage market through the use of the results of the AI ​​Domino Study during 2025. AI-guided chatbots help consumers do their shopping more and easily. In fact, 50% of consumers will spend more time in a store or on a company’s website when customers feel that the company provides better customer service. AI chatbots provide this opportunity and can be used to analyze, monitor and influence consumer behavior and purchasing decisions. In particular, artificial intelligence within the food and beverage sector will achieve a 65.3% CAGR between 2023 and 2025.

There is a problem of large-scale deployment of AI and AR in the food and beverage industry. While these technologies can boost efficiency, food and beverage companies have low margins and limited resources. It is impractical for such companies to develop the same investment capital as that available like Google or Amazon. The cost of AI is not cheap, and major technology companies spend more than $ 650 million annually to build such resources. Coupled with consumer demands for faster, more affordable and more easily accessible food options, the use of AI in the food and beverage supply chain may seem impossible.

Also read: Top 9 WordPress Lead Generation Plugins in 2023

Major Grocers Look to AI to Boost Profitability and Lower Risk

An international supply chain survey discovered 84 percent of primary distribution chain officers recognize that a”lack of visibility” since the biggest obstacle they face. Comparable to makers, food distribution chains require an extract of AI, analytics, and also blockchain to boost visibility, increase endurance, and lower risks. Improved visibility is vital to reducing disturbance, and coupled with the ability of AI, more visibility may allow replenishment methods to operate by themselves, self-optimizing ordering procedures, linking with consumers to maneuver more foods from shelf to dining table, and also knowing where dangers dwell.

AI-Guided Systems Enable Inventory Optimization of the Food Supply Chain AI Helps Companies Predict Demands Based on Various Factors

Also read: 14 Best Webinar Software Tools in 2023 (Ultimate Guide for Free)

Automated Traceability Builds Customer Confidence in the Supply Chain

Grocers across the US experienced a solid increase in criticism and demands for greater transparency over the past couple of decades. The present procedures and technology set up do a bad job of allowing true traceability from farm to fork, and AI combined with blockchain can offer the immutable data necessary and evidence required of the planet’s major food distribution chains to ensure security, quality, and customer confidence.

AR-enabled eyeglasses can help farmworkers identify vegetables and fruits when they’re ripe. The identical technology can connect to blockchain-based systems to make an unchangeable listing of source. AI-guided systems may use the data gathered from this stage to compare food accessibility into incoming grocer and restaurant requests. It’s an ecosystem of automation and continuous improvement.

Final Thoughts on the Food Supply Chain and AI Going Forward in 2023

The food supply chain is under continuous attack from dangers, including the spread of germs and food-borne ailments, doubt concerning climate, political influences, and much more. No matter the leaders of the food distribution chain has to work to mitigate those risks and make sure the planet can still eat elsewhere and well into the future. Using AI and AR, food chains may eventually attain just a tiny piece of calmness of mind and prevent big disruptions. Additionally, AI and AR will continue to progress and extend new opportunities to boost meals supply chain management and accumulative visibility.

What Is Private Dns And How To Use It

If you’re concerned about your online privacy, private DNS can help. It lets you send network data to a custom, secure DNS server and encrypt those queries. Here’s how it works and how to set it up.  

What Is DNS?

Before we look at private DNS, we should do a brief review of DNS itself.

Table of Contents

The Domain Name System (DNS) converts human-friendly web addresses into the IP addresses computers use to communicate.  

Generally, a DNS server will perform the translation from URL to IP. This process is called a DNS transaction, and these occur every time you visit a website, use particular applications, or communicate over specific platforms. 

These transactions, like the domain names, are unencrypted. This means that operators and others can easily see and log them, which can be problematic when the information is a security or privacy risk. There aren’t any privacy mechanisms to protect the transactions’ confidentiality. 

Further, it can make you susceptible to particular forms of malicious cyberattacks (like man-in-the-middle attacks). 

What Is Private DNS Mode?

Private DNS uses a different protocol called DNS over TLS (Transport Layer Security) and Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure (HTTPS) to encrypt any DNS queries sent out. DNS used over these protocols are called DoH (DNS over HTTPS) and DoT (DNS over TLS). 

Many malware, ransomware, and data theft attacks rely on DNS security weaknesses. This is where private DNS comes in. DoT and DoH encrypt the communication between your network and the DNS server and prevent third parties from intercepting the data.  

How Do You Enable Private DNS?

The process will differ depending on your device/platform. To enable private DNS, you need to configure a DNS address on your device and have access to a third-party DNS server that includes DoT or DoH functionality. 

Cloudflare offers a free private DNS service at 1.1.1.1 or 1.0.0.1 but logs some information. This DNS resolver is entirely free. Other free DNS options include OpenDNS, 1.1.1.1 with Warp, and Google. 

How to Enable Private DNS on Windows 10

To use private DNS on Windows 10, follow the steps below: 

Press Windows + I to open Settings. 

Select Network & Internet.

Select Network and Sharing Center under Advanced network settings. 

Select Change Adaptor Settings from the left-hand menu. 

Select Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4) from the list and select Properties. 

Select Use the following DNS server addresses and enter your preferred DNS address. 

How to Enable Private DNS on Android

Google introduced support for DNS over TLS in Android 9, allowing you to use private DNS on your phone. To do this, you must have access to a private DNS server. Go to Settings.

Open Settings.

Select Private DNS. 

Select Private DNS provider hostname. 

Enter the address of the private DNS service you wish to use.

Note: If you’re using CloudFlare, the URL will be chúng tôi . 

How to Enable Private DNS on a Mac

To enable private DNS on a Mac, do the following: 

Select the Apple menu. 

Enter the IPv4 or IPv6 address for the DNS server you want to use. 

Select OK. 

How to Enable Private DNS on an iPhone

To use encrypted DNS on an iPhone, follow the steps below: 

Scroll down and select Configure DNS. 

Select Manual. 

Enter the address of the private DNS service you wish to use. 

CloudFlare’s 1.1.1.1: Faster & Safer Internet App

You also can automatically set up a private DNS server on your Android or iPhone.

Check and Validate the DNS after Setup

Setting up a private DNS is not necessarily secure by itself. Once you’ve set up an alternate DNS address, it’s essential to check it to ensure your connection is safe. You can use several online tools to do this, including Cloudfare’s own security check tool. 

This will double-check that your DNS queries are encrypted, whether your browser supports encrypted Server Name Indication (SNI), whether your DNS resolver is using Domain Name System Security Extensions (DNSSEC), and which version of TLS is being used. 

Internet Privacy

Public DNS is one of the most significant security concerns on the internet, and configuring private DNS can protect you and your devices from malicious actors on the internet. 

What Is Instagram Reels And How To Get It?

In a bid to fill the gap left by TikTok, while countries decide on its fate, Facebook-owned Instagram is launching a new feature called ‘Instagram Reels’. The feature will be available within the Instagram app itself. Instagram is banking on its millions of users, plus those that have converted from TikTok, to make the new feature an instant hit.

What is Instagram Reels?

Well, there’s no two ways about it. TikTok is in trouble, and its users are defecting to other apps. In the wake of this turmoil, Instagram is stepping up its game to bring users a place to create short videos, in a TikTok like fashion.

Instagram Reels will be added as a function within the Instagram app itself, so users will not need to download any other app. The function will be available on the camera page of the app. Users will be able to create short videos up to 15 seconds in length. Reels also lets you choose the length of the video beforehand, eliminating the need to trim it down later.

Like other apps in its genre, Reels comes loaded with a music library and customization in the way of stickers and filters.

Related: How to get famous on Instagram Reels

How to access Instagram Reels

Instagram is adding this new feature to the camera page in the app. It will be in line with other previous features like Boomerang, Live, and Superzoom. To access Reels, simply launch the Instagram app and swipe right. This is will bring you to the camera tab.

Now, using the bottom panel, scroll to ‘Reels’. It should be between ‘Create’ and ‘Normal’.

Related: Do Instagram Reels Disappear?

How to create Instagram Reels

To create a Reel, open the Instagram app, and then tap the camera button in the top right. Now, tap REELS at the bottom of the screen.

Now, you can record a 15-second video of your Reel. You can also upload a video from your device’s storage (gallery/camera roll), and it could be multiple separate clips adding up to maximum 15 seconds. Tap the arrow button when done with adding effects, text, and other stuff. You also use the timer feature.

Add the hashtags and caption, and then tap the Share button to share the Reel to both in Explore and your feed. To disable sharing in feed, unselect the ‘Also Share to Feed’ checkbox.

You can also share a Reel as a DM or story.

Related: Do Instagram Reels Disappear?

How to watch Reels

It’s simple. Open the Instagram app and then tap the Explore button in the bottom row — it’s a search icon, second from the left. Now, you have a collection of photos and all, including Reels, as selected for you by the app’s AI. On the Reels posts, you will see a video icon.

Tap on the Reels post to view it. Now, just swipe up to check out next Reel, and so one. Swiping down will get you the previous Reel. It’s TikTok-like, yes.

Where do your Reels go?

Instagram will be adding a new tab to your profile page, to better display your Reel videos. When you create and post a video using Instagram Reels, your video will be accessible from your profile page.

The new tab will be added between your Feed and Tagged images. This shows how confident Instagram is that the new feature will take off. This is the first major redesign of the app in quite a long time. To view all your Reels, go to your profile and tap on the new ‘Reels’ tab.

Instagram Reels vs. TikTok

Let’s talk about some of the similarities and differences when it comes to these two apps. One of the biggest similarities is the fact that both these apps allow you to create short videos. They have a time restriction on the length of the videos that you can post. While TikTok had two preset options (15 seconds and 60 seconds), Instagram Reels lets you adjust a timer to stop your video anywhere within 15 seconds.

While editing a video, both TikTok and Reels do not let you delete individual clips within a video. So if you want to delete a certain clip in the middle of your video, you will have to delete all clips that were added after it.

When it comes to effects and filters, few apps can rival TikTok and Instagram is not one of those. TikTok’s huge gallery of effects easily dwarfs that of Instagram. But if Instagram plans on opening its doors to user-created effects (like it did with Stories), it should be able to bridge that gap.

One big difference is the way you can edit the videos once they are shot. While TikTok allows you to add filters to any part of the video, Reels only lets you add a single filter to the whole video.

Another difference is actually based on how the two apps operate. While Instagram has a few ways to post content (Feed, Stories, DM), TikTok had but one. So when you go to post a Reels video, you can choose where you want to post it; your Instagram Feed, Explore tab, Story, or DM. Unsurprisingly, TikTok only posts the video to your account.

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