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The Windows operating system commands 90% and the 11-year-old Windows XP holds a chunk of it. StatCounter says Windows XP market share is around 19% whereas NetApplication says it is around 29%. Both have their own methodology of calculating this. Windows XP End of Life is fast approaching. The deadline for the lifecycle support for one of the most popular operating systems, the world has ever known in about to be reached. In less than 5 months, Microsoft will cease supporting the decade-old operating system, Windows XP. While there are many people who still argue that the operating system isn’t completely dead yet, there are many critically important reasons why you need to take a call now about upgrading to a newer operating system like Windows 8, or even Windows 7 at least!

Windows XP End of Life risks

Windows XP is reaching End of Support in 2014 in 5 months. According to Microsoft, Windows XP Extended Support will end on 8th April 2014. Although the Mainstream Support ended on 14th Feb 2009, the Extended Support will end on 8th April 2014. This post explains in detail the difference between Mainstream Support and Extended Support. Windows Embedded products based on Windows XP, however, have different dates for End of Support.

So what does this mean to the Windows XP user

Microsoft will stop providing security patches and updates to Windows XP SP3. The OS will be dead in the water, and with no support from Microsoft, it will become an open playground for hackers and malware pushers. Microsoft is very likely to even stop pushing updates to its security software Microsoft Security Essentials, which is being run on Windows XP. Will other antivirus software too, do the same? Who knows if they would want to take up the challenge of solely protecting an unsupported operating system – although some of them have said that they would continue to support their security software on Windows XP.

In fact, I wouldn’t be surprised if hackers had already hoarded exploits and malware – and are just waiting till April 18th, to unleash their attacks, knowing very well, that Microsoft may not patch vulnerabilities after End of Life.

This alone makes it imperative that you now start thinking of upgrading to a newer operating system. Hey, I am not here to sell you Microsoft products. Feel free to switch to Mac or a Linux-based OS too. The point being – its time you let go of Windows XP!

Windows XP is like an old shoe, worn-in, cozy, comfortable, which no one wants to discard! Over a period of time, its been patched, patched and patched to make it what it is today! But its time to move on now! The past is dead ! The future, yet unborn ! Time to live in the present, I say!

Time to upgrade from Windows XP

Windows 8 is 21x more secure than Windows XP. But security isn’t the only reason Windows XP users need to move on. In fact, using a dated operating system has its shortcomings on various aspects of computing. There is no support for the latest versions of Microsoft Office, Windows Media Player, Internet Explorer, and other Microsoft software.

1] Internet Explorer 11 is available only for Windows 8 & Windows 7, but no support for Windows XP or Windows Vista has been provided by Microsoft.

2] The productivity suite, Microsoft Office 2013 can’t run on a Windows XP machine. So if you are running Windows XP, you can only run up to Office 2010, which obviously is again, old and lacks many new features.

3] The default media player, Windows Media Player too can’t be updated to the latest version. The version 12th is only available for Windows 7 or higher OS.

4] Modern motherboards don’t support Windows XP. Since you are running a decade-old operating system, odds are your computer hardware is very old too. There are two problems with having old hardware, one is, as the technology evolved, new software came in the market, and they all demand a powerful processor, a system that is capable of running them. So running them on a downgraded system will not exhibit the best of results and computing experience.

6] The new computers offer a better display, powerful processor, more storage, an all-day battery life, and compact design.

7] The scenario is quite similar to the software end as well. Most of your built-in tools would be outdated. Most of them can’t be updated or even worse, replaced by a 3rd party app. While Chrome and Firefox might provide you support until next year, securing your system in toto would be next to impossible.

8] To make migration easier for Windows XP users, Microsoft has made available as a free download, PCmover Express for Windows XP, a data migration tool.

Read: Windows 10 End of Support.

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For Lost Fans, The Beginning Of The End

For Lost Fans, the Beginning of the End Fanatical viewers predict strange things to come

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In the video above, fans of ABC’s hit television show Lost tell us their predictions for the series’ sixth and final season.

When rumor had it that President Obama was eyeing February 2 for his State of the Union Address, fans of the television show Lost mounted the kind of campaign that most political action committees can only aspire to: they bombarded message boards with protests and tweeted the hashtag #NoStateofUnionFeb2. After all, February 2 was the much-anticipated beginning of the end, the date of the first segment of the popular series’ final season. The White House listened, and without explicitly stating that the protest had forced a change of date, it assured fans of Lost that February 2 would be untouched by political speechifying.

“As pathetic as this may sound, I have to say I would have watched Lost over Obama’s speech,” says Katie Persons (CAS’10). “The president gives speeches every few months, but I’ve been waiting to find out how Lost ends for years.”

Persons is one of a great many. Since the show’s debut six years ago, millions of Lost fans have been enthralled by the often-Machiavellian strategies of the survivors of Oceanic Airlines Flight 815, which crashed on a mysterious desert island somewhere in the South Pacific on September 22, 2004. The fifth season left viewers stunned as they witnessed not only the apparent death of Juliet, who detonated the (yes) hydrogen bomb, but the revelation that the Man in Black had taken the appearance of the dead Locke and convinced Ben to kill the enigmatic Jacob.

If you’re confused, Persons says, don’t even bother tuning in to tonight’s premiere. Instead, she recommends renting the first five seasons on DVD. “Lost isn’t a show you can jump into mid-series,” she says. “You have to watch from the beginning, because everything is so intricately linked that something that happened in the first or second season might be crucial to understanding what happens in the sixth.”

Dubbed “Losties,” the show’s fans are a rare breed, according to Nathaniel Boyle (COM’04), a Web producer for BU’s Office of New Media. “I’d say there are four tiers of fans,” he says. “There are the really obsessive ones, like me, who research and theorize and rewatch all of the episodes on DVD. Then there are fans who watch avidly and might theorize, but don’t research. You have your casual viewers, who have stayed onboard through thick and thin, and finally you have the fans Lost has ‘lost,’ probably by becoming too sci-fi or too full of unanswered questions.”

Just how annoying are Lost fans, anyway? Extremely, according to a report by the satirical Onion News Network. “I can definitely understand why talking about theories of nuclear reaction time travel, ghosts, and smoke monsters could be annoying,” says Paul Brown (ENG’11), “so I try really hard not to talk about the show around people who don’t watch it.”

While Brown tries to keep his Lost obsession on the DL, Boyle is unabashed. “I feel like a little kid on Christmas Eve,” he says. “I’m totally pumped for the new season. Yeah, I have no shame.”

The first episode of the final season of Lost airs tonight on WCVB-TV (Channel 5). Tune in at 8 p.m. for a one-hour recap, and at 9 p.m. for the two-hour premiere.

Edward A. Brown can be reached at [email protected] or follow him on Twitter @ned_butoday. Vicky Waltz can be reached at [email protected] or follow her on Twitter at@vickywaltz.

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A Day In The Life Of A Cycle

Having just returned from a 12-day cycle-touring holiday (you missed me, right?), it occurred to me how much the activity has changed over the years. The basics are still the same, of course: turning the pedals makes the scenery pass slowly by, and by the end of the day you’re 40 or 50 miles away from where you had breakfast. But what used to be a very low-tech activity, involving little more than a paper map and compass, has now turned into something of a technofest – at least for me and a fellow geek friend who joined me. And my MacBook Air, iPad and iPhone are all integral parts of the trip …


Last year’s tour was from Hook of Holland to Esbjerg in Denmark. That took in the west and north edges of the Netherlands, so this year the obvious thing to do was complete a lap of the country by cycling along the eastern and southern edges.

There’s an official Ronde van Nederland (’round the Netherlands’) route created by the Dutch tourist organisation, and they helpfully put the GPX files online. This is, however, too big a file to load in as a single route, so before the holiday I’d loaded it into Garmin’s Basecamp software and chopped it up into roughly 50-mile chunks to form the guideline route for each day.

Beyond that, the only additional planning was booking the ferry to Holland, train tickets to our starting-point in the north-east corner of the country and our first night’s accommodation.

Oh, and if you think my bike looks a little unusual when you see glimpses of it, that’s because it is: it’s an ICE recumbent trike – the most comfortable way to cycle!


The first task each morning was to see roughly where we wanted to end up at the end of the day, and to find accommodation somewhere in the vicinity. This was done over breakfast. Out came my 11″ MacBook Air in order to visit chúng tôi and chúng tôi We of course checked ‘free WiFi’ in the filter list to ensure we’d be able to do the same thing the next day. As I was using the MBA, I used the websites, but there is of course a chúng tôi iOS app that would have done otherwise,

It wasn’t always possible to find somewhere to stay exactly on the route, so we booked the closest place we could find, which gave us our actual destination for the day. Usually this was reasonably close, though we did need to borrow a bit of Germany for one night.

Accommodation booked, the next task was to plot a route to the guesthouse or hotel. Basecamp isn’t brilliant at plotting cycle routes, so for that we used a mix of chúng tôi and chúng tôi The routes they came up with weren’t necessarily exactly the same as the official route, but with the addition of an en-route waypoint or two, we could get close enough for government work.

I exported the GPX file from the website and then connected my Garmin Edge 810 GPS unit to the MacBook Air to copy the file across. As a belt-and-braces measure, I also put the address into Basecamp as a waypoint and used the software’s Transfer feature to copy that to the GPS also.


Having delegated navigation to the Garmin GPS, we could then sit back and enjoy the view – taking plenty of photos along the way.

Despite my love of photography, a proper camera is too big and unwieldy for use when cycling. I used to carry a pocket camera, but the iPhone is just as good as a dedicated point-and-shoot these days, so that served as my only camera for stills.

Most of the photos are taken while cycling, so it’s handy to have some protection in case the camera ends up bouncing down the road. I used it in an Otterbox Defender Ion protective case that has the additional virtue of doubling the battery-life of the phone.

In practice, the supplementary power probably wasn’t necessary – with international data-roaming an expensive business, the phone wasn’t used for much else beyond a bit of text messaging – but it never hurts to have some peace of mind.

I also have a Garmin Virb Elite camcorder attached to my bike, and that was used to shoot a few video clips here and there, just to give a flavor of the ride.

The Garmin logs automatically collected fitness data which was synced to the Garmin Connect on my iPhone. A service called Tapiriik theoretically syncs that data to Strava, though in practice often doesn’t. I could have used the Strava app if I’d been bothered, but I didn’t expect to be setting any Strava records.


Over dinner was when all the technology came out! I first connected the GPS to the MacBook Air to grab the GPX tracklog of the day’s ride. This was loaded into Basecamp and then the ‘View in Google Earth’ feature used to give a sense of the day. I created two images, one with just that day’s ride, the other the ride as a whole to date.

Next up, I used Image Capture on the MacBook Air to grab the photos from the iPhone and import them into Lightroom. Shooting while cycling means a crop is usually required to straighten the horizon. I view cycling photos more as memory than art, so after that I just have a standard preset that I apply to all the shots, enabling me to process them all in just a few minutes.

I then write a quick blog, incorporating the photos. This is mostly for friends back home to enjoy the journey vicariously, and to provide memories of the trip when I’m sitting in my rocking-chair aged 95.

Most of the videos, though, are simply stored on the MacBook Air ready to be edited together sometime after I get home.


My iPad Air provided evening entertainment. It long replaced my Kindle as my main ebook reader, and with perfect timing Netflix released season 2 of Orange is the New Black shortly before the holiday. I just made it through the season over the 12 days.

Finally, of course, all that technology needed to be charged! I carried just the MacBook Air power supply, a tiny four-port USB hub plugged into a USB plug adapter – and three USB cables. The USB hub couldn’t supply enough power for the iPad, so that was recharged from the MacBook. iPhone, Garmin GPS and Garmin camcorder were all charged from the USB hub.

The phenomenal battery-life of the Hasewell-powered MacBook Air was a huge help, enabling me to use it throughout the evening without power – as well as during some of the lunch-stops – only charging it overnight.

The small size of the 11″ MacBook Air was also key: I travel light, with a total of just 25 litres of luggage space, about half of which is taken up with cycling gear (waterproofs, extra layers, gloves, lock and so on). That leaves just one pannier for three days of clothing (we do laundry along the way), toiletries – and technology.

Purists may object that cycling holidays should be all about nature and the simple machinery of bicycles, but having toured both with and without technology, I’m not going anywhere without mine!

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Top 10 Cryptocurrencies Predicted To Pump 100X Gains By The End Of 2025

Top 10 cryptocurrencies are heading towards 2025 with a promising future ahead

The rise in cryptocurrencies is inevitable in the cryptocurrency market. Several catalysts helped spark the downturn, not least of which was the emergence of the omicron variant and the Federal Reserve’s open willingness to raise interest rates earlier than previously thought to help combat inflation. There are now thousands of cryptocurrencies, and many of these have a promising future within the market. Some crypto coins are stable like Tether and USD coin, but some show great results like Shiba Inu, Bitcoin, and many more. Crypto investors are highly interested in the existing cryptocurrencies as well as the newly emerging ones to invest in their digital wallets also known as blockchain wallets. This article features the top 10 cryptocurrencies predicted to pump 100x gains by the end of 2025 


Bitcoin is an obligatory holding for any investor looking to dip their toes in the cryptocurrency market. It has shown a major sign of rebounding after experiencing a massive drop from the all-time high of US$68K. Even after the recent pullback, BTC accounts for roughly 40% of the overall market capitalization, a metric known as a given coin’s “dominance.” The exposure to Bitcoin has instigated crypto investors to realize that Bitcoin is one of the best cryptocurrencies to buy before 2025.


If you are interested in cryptocurrency, you have heard of Ethereum. Behind Bitcoin, it is currently the most popular and valuable coin on the market. And, things are continuing to get better for ETH, with its price increasing drastically by almost 800% in 2023 alone. Crypto investors are expecting Ethereum to take over Bitcoin in the future in the cryptocurrency market. It is one of the best cryptocurrencies with 100x Gains in 2025.

Binance Coin

Binance Coin is one of the largest cryptocurrency exchanges and altcoin crypto exchanges in the world by volume. As with many of the top cryptocurrencies to invest in, BNB is the native coin for an increasingly popular blockchain, the Binance Smart Chain. Binance is compatible with any smart device and lets crypto investors start trading safely. It is one of the best cryptocurrencies expected to grow in 2023. 


The Polkadot protocol connects public and private chains, permissionless networks, oracles, and future technologies, allowing these independent blockchains to restlessly share information and transactions through the Polkadot relay chain. It is one of the best cryptocurrencies with 100x Gains in 2025.


Solana is a public blockchain platform that achieves consensus using the proof of stake mechanism. Its internal cryptocurrency is SOL. Solana has been a top performer in 2023, rising through the ranks of altcoins to become the fifth-most-valuable cryptocurrency in the world.


Cardano is a proof-of-stake blockchain platform that says its goal is to allow “changemakers, innovators, and visionaries” to bring about positive global change. Cardano is gaining popularity among the community of crypto investors for its flexible network and reduced energy level. It is one of the best cryptocurrencies with 100x Gains in 2025. 


Tether is a cryptocurrency that is hosted on the Ethereum blockchain with tokens issued by Tether Limited, which in turn is controlled by the owners of Bitfinex. Originally launched in July 2014 as Realcoin, a second-layer cryptocurrency token built on top of Bitcoin’s blockchain through the use of the Omni platform, it was later renamed to USTether, and then, finally, to USDT. It is one of the best cryptocurrencies to buy before 2025.

USD Coin

Investors who want to explore the crypto space without taking on excessive risk would prefer a stable cryptocurrency such as USD Coin. USDC is a great option for traditional investors looking for a low-beta investment that can generate returns better than CDs. This cryptocurrency does have immense growth potential in 2023. 

Shiba Inu

Shiba Inu token is a decentralized cryptocurrency created in August 2023 by an anonymous person or group known as “Ryoshi”. Crypto investors are highly interested in Shiba Inu with a contribution from tweets of Elon Musk. It has successfully managed to take over Dogecoin for a few days. It is one of the best cryptocurrencies to buy before 2025.


Types Of The Shareholder With Explanation

Introduction of Shareholder

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Generally, any person becomes a company member by acquiring shares of the same. Now, what does a share mean? A company divides its capital into shares of various denominations. For example, if a company has a capital of Rs. 100,000/-, then it can be divided into 1000 shares of Rs. 100/- each (1000*100=100,000).

Types of Shareholder

There are two major types of shareholders: equity shareholders and preference shareholders. Both of them have their own specific rights and obligations towards the company.

1. Equity Shareholders

Equity Shareholders refer to those shareholders who actively participate in the important decisions of the company and also bear a greater risk as compared to other kinds of shareholders, which entails greater profits in case a company gains and suffers losses if the company does not fare well in business in a particular period.

Equity shareholders enjoy the following benefits:

They get the right to participate in the major decisions taken by the company through voting.

Preference shareholders have their liability limited to the value of the shares they hold.

They possess the entitlement to receive dividends and a share of the profits generated by the company in which they have invested.

2. Preference Shareholders

Preference shareholders have limited decision-making powers in the company, but they hold a preferential right over the profits earned by the company, surpassing that of equity shareholders.

They get preference at the time of payment of dividends.

During the liquidation of a company, the dues of preference shareholders are given priority over those of other shareholders.

In the case of cumulative preference shares, if a company fails to pay dividends in a specific year, the unpaid dividends accumulate and are carried forward to subsequent years.

The sub-types of Preference shareholders are mentioned below:

Convertible and Non-Convertible Preference Shareholders: Convertible Preference shareholders have an option/right to convert their shares into equity shares after a certain period of fulfilling certain terms and conditions. However, Non-Convertible shareholders don’t possess any such rights.

Redeemable and Irredeemable Preference Shareholders: A company must pay back the capital in case of Redeemable Preference shares, which consequently results in the discontinuation of payment of dividends(preferential right on such shares). In the case of Irredeemable Preference shares, the company pays dividend till it continues to exist and does not pay back the capital to such shareholders.

Cumulative and Non-Cumulative Preference Shareholders: In a case where a company is not able to pay dividends to preference shareholders in case of lack of funds, it gets accumulated for the next financial year in case of Cumulative Preference Shareholders. On the contrary, Non-Cumulative Preference shareholders lose their right to receive dividends if a company fails to pay the same in a particular financial year.

Participating and Non-Participating Preference Shareholders: Participating preference shareholders possess an additional right to participate in the decisions of the management of the company. In contrast, non-participating preference shareholders do not possess any such rights.

From the above discussion, we can conclude that there are two types of shareholders: Equity and Preference. Acquiring any of them has its own pros and cons. Equity shareholders get a right to participate in the decisions of the company and have the power to govern the business and eventually change its course of it. The lop side of it is that they have to bear a higher risk and can also go on without even earning a penny if the company suffers losses in a particular financial year. On the other side, Preference shareholders play safe. They don’t get the right to participate in important business decisions. However, they get a definite percentage of profits no matter how the company fared in terms of profits and growth in a particular financial year.

Recommended Articles

This is a guide to Shareholder Types. Here we also discuss the introduction and types of the shareholder, which include equity and preference shareholders. You may also have a look at the following articles to learn more –

The Right Kind Of Pessimism Can Have A Positive Effect On Your Life

But what about the people who tend to see the glass as half empty rather than half full? Is being pessimistic always such a bad thing? Actually, the latest research suggests that some forms of pessimism may have benefits. Pessimism isn’t just about negative thinking. Personality science has revealed it also includes a focus on outcomes—what you expect will happen in the future. While optimists expect positive outcomes will happen more often than not, pessimists expect negative outcomes are more likely. There is a particular type of pessimist, the “defensive pessimist”, who takes this negative thinking to a whole new level and actually harnesses it as a means for reaching their goals. Research has shown that this way of thinking can not only help them succeed, but also bring some rather unexpected rewards. However, the other main form of pessimism, which involves simply blaming oneself for negative outcomes, has less positive effects. Performance and confidence But how does defensive pessimism actually work and what benefits can you expect to get out of it? Researchers suggest that defensive pessimism is a strategy that people who are anxious use to help them manage their anxiety, which might otherwise make them want to run in the opposite direction of their goal rather than pursue it.

The crucial factor is setting low expectations for the outcome of a particular plan or situation—like expecting that you won’t get hired after a job interview—and then envisioning the details of everything that might possibly go wrong to make these worst-case scenarios a reality. This gives the defensive pessimist a plan of action to ensure that any imagined mishaps won’t actually happen, such as practicing for the interview and getting there early.

The benefits of defensive pessimism also extends to actual performance. One study shows that this has everything to do with negative mood. When prompted to be in a good mood, defensive pessimists performed poorly on a series of word puzzles. However, when they were put in bad mood by being instructed to imagine how a scenario might have negative outcomes, they performed significantly better. This suggests that they harness their negative mood to motivate themselves to perform better.

If you’re a defensive pessimist, make sure you’re in a bad mood before taking an exam. bibiphoto/Shutterstock

Pessimism can also be more beneficial than optimism in situations where you are waiting for news about an outcome and there is no opportunity to influence it (such as waiting for the results of a job interview). When the outcome is not as good as optimists had hoped for, they take a bigger hit to their wellbeing, and experience greater disappointment and negative mood than do your garden-variety pessimists.

Strangely, this type of pessimism can even help boost confidence. In one study that followed students throughout their university years, those who were defensive pessimists experienced significantly higher levels of self-esteem compared to other anxious students. In fact, their self-esteem rose to almost the levels of the optimists over the four years of the study. This may be due to increases in the defensive pessimists’ confidence to anticipate and successfully avoid the negative outcomes they imagined.


The defensive pessimist’s strategy of being prepared to prevent negative outcomes can also have some very real health benefits. Although these individuals will worry more about getting ill during an outbreak of an infectious disease compared to optimists, they are also more likely to take preventive action. For example, they might frequently wash their hands and seek medical care promptly when they experience any unusual symptoms.

When pessimists become chronically ill, their negative view of the future may be more realistic and encourage the sort of behaviors that healthcare professionals recommend for managing their illness. I conducted a study with two groups of people—those with either inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) or arthritis—and asked them to rate their future health on a simple scale ranging from poor to excellent. Because both arthritis and IBD are long-term health conditions that often worsen over time, you wouldn’t expect people to think their health would improve that much in the future.

However, those who were optimists still rated their health as improving in the future, whereas the pessimists saw their health as getting worse. Taking this view may lead pessimists to engage in the types of coping strategies necessary to manage symptoms such as pain. Having said that, this benefit may be best realized when there is at least some optimism that such strategies will actually work.

The key difference that separates defensive pessimists from other individuals who think negatively—such as those who are simply anxious or depressed—is the way they cope. Whereas people tend to use avoidance to cope with anticipated problems when they are feeling anxious or depressed, defensive pessimists use their negative expectations to motivate them to take active steps to feel prepared and be more in control over outcomes.

So being a pessimist isn’t necessarily bad—though you may irritate others. Ultimately, it’s what you do with that pessimism that matters.

Are you a defensive pessimist? Answer these questions to find out.

Fuschia Sirois is a Reader in Health Psychology at the University of Sheffield. This article was originally featured on The Conversation.

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