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On-Line Transaction Processing (OLTP) System is a type of computer system that helps manage transaction-related tasks. These systems are made to quickly handle transactions and queries on the internet. For instance, supermarket’s POS (point of sale) system is an example of an OLTP system.
Almost every industry nowadays uses OLTP systems to keep track of their transactional data. OLTP systems mainly focus on entering, storing, and retrieving data, which includes daily operations like purchasing, manufacturing, payroll, accounting, etc. Many users use these systems for short transactions. They support simple database queries, which makes it easier for users to get quick responses.
Data that an OLTP system collects is stored in a commercial database management system, which can be used by other systems like OLAP for data analysis and other business intelligence tasks.Advantages of an OLTP System Real-time processing
OLTP systems process transactions in real-time for immediate responses.High availability
OLTP systems ensure high availability and reliability with redundancy and backup systems.Data accuracy
OLTP systems maintain data accuracy and consistency through validation and verification techniques.Fast response time
OLTP systems are optimized for fast response times using indexing and caching techniques.Scalability
OLTP systems can easily scale up or down to accommodate changes in transaction volume.Integration with other systems
OLTP systems can be integrated with other systems like OLAP for data analysis and insights.Challenges of an OLTP system High concurrency
OLTP systems need to handle high levels of concurrency, with many users accessing the system simultaneously.Database design complexity
OLTP systems require a complex database design to handle the relationships between different data entities.Resource utilization
OLTP systems require significant resources such as CPU, memory, and I/O to handle high transaction volumes.Security concerns
OLTP systems require strong security measures to prevent unauthorized access or data breaches.Scalability limitations
OLTP systems may have scalability limitations when handling very large transaction volumes or data volumes.Backup and recovery
OLTP systems require robust backup and recovery systems to ensure data is not lost in case of system failures or disasters.Type of queries that an OLTP system can Process Insert queries
OLTP systems can process insert queries that add new data to the database, such as when a customer purchases a product.Update queries
OLTP systems can process update queries that modify existing data in the database, such as when a customer changes their address.Delete queries
OLTP systems can process delete queries that remove data from the database, such as when a customer cancels an order.Simple select queries
OLTP systems can process simple select queries that retrieve data from the database, such as when a customer searches for a product.Join queries
OLTP systems can process join queries that retrieve data from multiple tables in the database, such as when a customer wants to see all their orders and the corresponding product details.
For example, POS system in supermarket can use OLTP system to add, update or remove information about a customer’s purchase. These are some queries examples:
Retrieve the complete description of a particular product from the database.
Filter all the products related to a particular supplier in the database.
Search for the record of any particular customer in the database.
List all products in the database that have a price less than Rs 1000.OLTP systems are not optimized and efficient for
Complex analytics queries that require processing of large amounts of data.
Generating complex reports that require aggregation, grouping, and sorting of large amounts of data.
In handling historical data that is no longer relevant to current transactions.
In handling large tables with complex relationships that require join queries.Conclusion
In conclusion, On-Line Transaction Processing (OLTP) System is a computer system used to manage transaction-related tasks. OLTP systems are widely used in various industries to enter, store, and retrieve data, such as purchasing, manufacturing, payroll, and accounting. These systems provide real-time processing, high availability, and data accuracy with fast response times.
However, they also face challenges such as high concurrency, complex database design, resource utilization, security concerns, scalability limitations, and backup and recovery systems. OLTP systems support simple database queries such as insert, update, delete, simple select, and join queries. Nevertheless, they are not optimized for complex analytics queries, generating complex reports, handling historical data, and large tables with complex relationships. Overall, OLTP systems are efficient and essential for short transactions and daily operations, but other systems like OLAP are required for complex analytics and data analysis tasks.
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Microbiology is the study of different microbes such as bacteria, viruses, slime molds, fungi, and protozoans. Microbes can be unicellular, multicellular, or acellular. The study of microorganisms that modify, colonize, contaminate or process food is known as food microbiology.History of Food Microbiology
Food history varies with culture, environment, and social and economic impacts. The history of Food Microbiology is classified based on time and periods. In 7000 BC there was evidence of the manufacturing of beer.
The wine was found to be manufactured in about 3500 BC. For the first time, food spoilage was recorded in 6000 BC.
Around 3000 BC, Egyptians started manufacturing cheese and butter.
To prevent the spoilage of food, snow was used to preserve shrimp in 1000 BC.Food Processing in Households Curd
Lactobacillus is known as Lactic acid bacteria (LAB).
It grows in milk and converts it into curd.
LAB works by producing lactic acid that will coagulate the milk and will also partially digest milk proteins.
small quantity of curd will act as inoculum of LAB. When this inoculum is added to fresh milk and kept at a suitable temperature, it will multiply and convert milk into curd.
LAB increases the nutritional value of curd by increasing the Vitamin B12 in it.
Curd also acts as a probiotic for our stomach and checks the diseasecausing organism.Cheese
Cheese is one of the oldest items in which microbes were used.
Different varieties of cheese are available based on flavour, texture, and taste. These characteristics are dependent on the type of microbes used.
Swiss cheese contains large holes in it due to the bacterium Propionibacterium shermanii which produces a large amount of carbondioxide.
Cheese are classified into the following types −
Type of Cheese Microorganism Used
Propionibacterium shermaniiOther products used in Household
The dough, used for making dosa and idli are also fermented by bacteria. These foods get puffed up due to the release of carbon dioxide in the dough.
Dough used for making bread in bakeries is fermented with Saccharomyces cerevisiae, also known as baker’s yeast.
One of the most common traditional drinks. Today is obtained from the sap of palms and is also fermented by microbes.Microbes in Industrial Products
Microbes are widely used in different parts of industries for the benefit of living organisms.Alcoholic Beverages/Fermented Beverages
For years, yeast had been used for the production of wine, beer, brandy, whiskey, or rum.
Saccharomyces cerevisiae used for bread-making is the same yeast used for the preparation of fermented beverages. This yeast is also known as brewer’s yeast used for fermenting malted cereals and fruit juices, in order to produce ethanol.
Based on the type of raw material used for fermentation, and the type of processing used, different types of alcoholic beverages are obtained.Other products obtained from yeast fermentation are as follows
Beer obtained from Barley (Hordeum vulgare) malt, in which alcohol content is just 3 to 6 percent.
Grapes are used to obtain wine and alcohol content is 10 to 20 percent.
Distillation of wine and alcohol is used to obtain Brandy and alcohol content is 60 to 70 percent.
European Rye cereal is sued to obtain Gin in which alcohol content is 40 percent.
Molasses of sugarcane is used to obtain Rum and the alcohol content is 40 percent.Production of Antibiotics
The term antibiotic was given by Selman Walksman in 1942. They are considered remarkable discoveries for the welfare of human beings. The word antibiotic means something that fights against the living or against life in terms of disease causing organisms, and for humans, they prove to be beneficial.
The first antibiotic discovered was Penicillin. It was discovered by Alexander Fleming. It was a by-chance discovery. He was working on Staphylococcus bacteria growing on unwashed culture plates. These bacteria did not grow because there was a mould growing in culture plate which releases a chemical that inhibits the growth of bacteria. He named this mould Penicillin with a later name Penicillium notatum.
Antibiotics have greatly improved the ability to fight different deadly diseases such as Whooping cough, plague, diptheria, leprosy, etc., which earlier killed millions of people worldwide.Organic Acid
Fermentation activities of certain bacteria and fungi are used to obtain organic acids.
Citric acid is obtained by anaerobic fermentation of sucrose. It is used as flavouring extract, malek medicines, dying, food, and candies ink. Fungus Aspergillus niger is used to obtain citric acid.
Acetic acid or vinegar is used is obtained by the two-step fermentation process. Firstly, carbohydrates are converted into alcohol by alcoholic fermentation and in the second step, alcohol is oxidized by Acetobacter aceti into acetic acid.
Butyric acid is obtained from Clostridium butylicum.Enzymes
Enzymes are another milestone obtained through different microbial activity.
The bottle juices are clarified by the use of pectinase and protease.
Tissue plasminogen activator (TPA) or streptokinase is produced from the bacterium Streptococcus and is used as a clot buster for removing clots from the blood vessels for patients who have undergone myocardial infarction.Conclusion
Microbiology is the study of different microbes such as bacteria, viruses, slime molds, fungi, and protozoans. Food history varies with culture, environment, social, and economic impacts. The history of food microbiology is classified based on time and periods. Curd, cheese, dough, and other drinks use different microbes for their processing. Microbes have industrial applications, that is, for obtaining antibiotics, enzymes, alcoholic beverages, and organic acids.FAQs
Q1. What is Cyclosporin A?
Ans. Cyclosporin is an immunosuppressant obtained from the fungus Trichoderma polysporum. It is used during organ transplants to prevent the rejection of grafts.
Q2. What are statins?
Ans. Statins are obtained from the yeast Monascus purpureus. It inhibits the synthesis of cholesterol and is thus used as a blood cholesterol-lowering agent.
Q3. Explain how microbes are used as biofertilizers?
Ans. Rhizobium bacteria is used to fix atmospheric nitrogen into organic forms. They are cheap, environment friendly, replenish the soil nutrients, and help in organic farming.
Q4. What is single-cell protein?
Ans. Single-cell protein is an alternate source of protein for plants and animals. So, microbes can be used as a good source of proteins.
Error Initializing or Updating your Transaction [Steam Fix] Cancel the pending transaction to fix the error
The error in
initializing or updating your transaction is a problem that can show up when you wish to purchase games from the Steam platform.
A corrupt installation folder or download cache can prevent you from making completing the transaction.
Changing the payment methods or canceling the previous transaction can fix the error.
INSTALL BY CLICKING THE DOWNLOAD FILE
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Several Steam users have recently reported that they are interrupted by an annoying error – There seems to have been an error initializing or updating your transaction. Please wait a minute and try again or contact support for assistance whenever they attempt to make a purchase.
If you are also one of those who are witnessing this alert and are looking for a solution to this problem, refer to this guide for help.Why do I encounter the error in initializing or updating your transaction?
The error code can be evidence of several underlying problems in the Steam app. Here are the most significant ones:
Corrupt Steam installation folder – If the installation files of the Steam app get corrupt, the Steam validation of the purchase process will not be successful hence the error.
Buggy Beta program – Several Steam users have reported that the error is triggered by a bug in the beta version of the app and no such error shows up in the non-beta version.
Corrupt download cache – The download cache maintained by Steam may get corrupted and may cause the error in initializing or updating your transaction problem.
Now that you have an insight into the error message, look at the potential fixes.How do I fix the error in initializing or updating your transaction problem?
Check whether the Steam servers are up and running and not facing server outages.
Switch to the web version of Steam and try completing the transaction.
Switch to a different payment method and see if it works for you.
Disable the VPN if currently active and reattempt the transaction.
If none of these tricks work out, try the following:1. Sign out of the beta version
If you are using the beta version of Steam, trivial bugs or temporary glitches may inhibit of ability to make a transaction and complete your purchase. Switching to the non-beta version will solve the error and reset your cart so that you can initiate the purchase once again.2. Cancel the pending transaction
Expert tip:3. Clear the download cache
Steam maintains a game download cache folder for easy reference in the future. However, the cache is likely to get corrupt if not deleted regularly and cause a series of issues, like preventing you from making new purchases.4. Flush the Steam configuration
Quit the Steam app on your Windows PC.
Use the Windows + R shortcut combination to bring up the Run dialog box, type the following command in the text box and hit the Enter key. steam://flushconfig
A confirmation pop-up from Steam will appear warning you that the configuration files will be removed and you need to log in again. Press OK to confirm the action.5. Delete corrupt Steam installation files
Now trying to complete the transaction, and hopefully, the error will be resolved now.
That’s all about it! Hopefully, the workarounds methods in this guide will prove effective to get around the error initializing or updating your transaction problem.
Let’s mention that if the error blocks your transaction several times, there are chances that the Steam bots have restricted your account for security reasons or for exceeding several failed purchase attempts. You can contact Steam Support to get expert guidance in this regard.
Still experiencing issues?
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Natural Language Processing makes the semantics of human language comprehendible to the systems, devices, and machines. Communication is the key to progress! This phrase has been regaled innumerable times, to establish a successful business. Be it an employee-employer relationship or owner-client/customer relationship, communication is the driving force behind successful decision making. Over the years, communication has been enthralled with innovations in technology. From the discovery of telephone to the integration of voice recognition technique into Amazon’s Alexa, the technology has revolutionized how humans communicate. Moreover, the key to good communication is accomplished by understanding the complexities of the language. Language is an inherent behavior by living organisms and includes semantics such as words, signs or images. A human being, while reaching adolescence becomes well-versed about understanding the different aspects of communication. But modern technology-driven devices require an immense amount of learning and training before they can understand the semantics of the language. With Artificial Intelligence technologies and Machine Learning models, this task becomes easier. Specifically, the AI technology,Emailing Filters
The amount of mails anyone receives is overwhelming. While some e-mails are business-related, others are only sent for promotional purposes. With the help ofSmart Assistants
“Hey Siri”! This term is the trademark of Apple’s iPhone. With such an invasive voice recognition technology, this phrase is popular amongst human beings, whether they are an iPhone user or not. But have we ever paused for a moment, how Apple’s Siri, or Amazon’s Alexa, answers all our questions with precision? Or how they comprehend human language with a prompt response? The answer to these questions is the integration ofSearch Results
While promoting company profiles, articles, blogs or even making a website, the emphasis is given to the search results. Also, many job applications demand search results or search engine optimization to be the priority. And while this word has created the buzz for increasing customer’s engagement and is a key to marketing, it becomes imperative to know the “What” of this application. The “What” of this application is the integration of NLP into the system, which surfaces relevant results based on the behaviors and semantics of language it is trained on. An example of this would be Google’s Search option, which understands the query of the user based on the few words that they have typed.Predictive Text
Autocorrect! We use simple words numerous times in a day while using any device. We take this simple application for granted without even realizing the science behind such application. The predictive analytics of NLP is the reason behind the devices’ familiarity with autocorrect. They predict things based on the semantics they are trained in and will either finish the word or suggest a relevant one. Moreover, they allow the user to customize their language preferences and learn from them.Language Translation
Natural Language Processing makes the semantics of human language comprehendible to the systems, devices, and machines. Communication is the key to progress! This phrase has been regaled innumerable times, to establish a successful business. Be it an employee-employer relationship or owner-client/customer relationship, communication is the driving force behind successful decision making. Over the years, communication has been enthralled with innovations in technology. From the discovery of telephone to the integration of voice recognition technique into Amazon’s Alexa, the technology has revolutionized how humans communicate. Moreover, the key to good communication is accomplished by understanding the complexities of the language. Language is an inherent behavior by living organisms and includes semantics such as words, signs or images. A human being, while reaching adolescence becomes well-versed about understanding the different aspects of communication. But modern technology-driven devices require an immense amount of learning and training before they can understand the semantics of the language. With Artificial Intelligence technologies and Machine Learning models, this task becomes easier. Specifically, the AI technology, Natural Language Processing , is integrated into every system of communication, to make the task feasible. In this article, we will observe the prominent applications of Natural Language Processing (NLP) in chúng tôi amount of mails anyone receives is overwhelming. While some e-mails are business-related, others are only sent for promotional purposes. With the help of natural language processing (NLP), these emails can be categorised as primary, social or promotions. Additionally, with the adaptation of NLP, spam filters can be integrated into the system depending upon the semantics of the language. This is already used with Gmail, where it makes the inbox manageable.“Hey Siri”! This term is the trademark of Apple’s iPhone. With such an invasive voice recognition technology, this phrase is popular amongst human beings, whether they are an iPhone user or not. But have we ever paused for a moment, how Apple’s Siri, or Amazon’s Alexa, answers all our questions with precision? Or how they comprehend human language with a prompt response? The answer to these questions is the integration of Natural Language processing in Apple’s Siri and Amazon’s Alexa. With the help of NLP, the applications like Alexa and Siri picks up the contextual clues with the ML model that assists them in answering the questions with promptness and precision. Tech experts suggest that in the distant future, NLP will be the world where humans will live in.While promoting company profiles, articles, blogs or even making a website, the emphasis is given to the search results. Also, many job applications demand search results or search engine optimization to be the priority. And while this word has created the buzz for increasing customer’s engagement and is a key to marketing, it becomes imperative to know the “What” of this application. The “What” of this application is the integration of NLP into the system, which surfaces relevant results based on the behaviors and semantics of language it is trained on. An example of this would be Google’s Search option, which understands the query of the user based on the few words that they have typed.Autocorrect! We use simple words numerous times in a day while using any device. We take this simple application for granted without even realizing the science behind such application. The predictive analytics of NLP is the reason behind the devices’ familiarity with autocorrect. They predict things based on the semantics they are trained in and will either finish the word or suggest a relevant one. Moreover, they allow the user to customize their language preferences and learn from chúng tôi businesses do not need a Spanish Thesaurus to translate what the client is saying in Spanish into English. By integrating NLP into devices or applications, the online translators automatically translate the language accurately. An example of this would be Google’s Keyboard in mobile which makes the translation task easier.
Biopiracy, also known as scientific colonialism, is the illegal takeover of agricultural and indigenous communities’ knowledge and genetic resources by people or organisations trying to monopolise them through patents or other forms of intellectual property. While the act of bioprospecting is the search for previously unidentified chemical compounds that have therapeutic or anti-microbial properties in natural resources, commercial success from bioprospecting prompts the company to attempt to protect their intellectual property rights on native medicinal plants, seeds, genetic resources, and traditional medicines.
Furthermore, communities may suffer if indigenous or marginalised groups’ biological resources and traditional knowledge are appropriated for commercial purposes. Bioprospecting and biochemical research may have innovative and therapeutic uses, but they always result in exploitation when native peoples’ lands are taken without just compensation for their genetic riches.What is the Meaning of Biopiracy?
Biopiracy is the illegal exploitation and/or patenting of biological resources or bioresources belonging to other countries by certain organisations and multinational corporations without the required consent of those countries. The exploitation of indigenous local people’s traditional knowledge for the productive uses of locally sourced resources is referred to as “biopiracy” by large multinational corporations in order to generate financial gain. It is the act of using naturally existing resources or biological material for commercial purposes without paying the Indigenous peoples or communities where the material or pertinent information was first gathered, which is typically the case.History of Biopiracy
Historically, biopiracy has been linked to colonialism, which involved the unauthorised exploitation of indigenous peoples and developing nations with abundant natural resources. The richness of information regarding plant-based treasures has been highly prized ever since European settlers arrived in pursuit of gold, silver, and expensive spices. With the aid of the Spanish Crown, Christopher Columbus developed the “Spice Road” after Marco Polo’s travels through southwest India and China. Together with many others, these explorers had a notorious history of plundering native villages and depriving nations of their natural riches.
By lowering or getting rid of trade restrictions like tariffs and quotas, the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) of 1947 aimed to promote global trade. After the conclusion of the GATT, trade-related intellectual property rights (TRIPS) were agreed upon. According to this, Columbus established a precedent in 1492 by obtaining land titles from European kings and queens that served as a kind of colonists’ patent. The World Trade Organization (WTO) agreement on TRIPS makes an effort to emphasise how crucial it is to keep commerce and intellectual property in balance.
Modern intellectual property regulations created by GATT and the WTO, which support colonial notions of “find and conquer” and “subdue, occupy, and own,” serve to perpetuate the Eurocentric roots of property claim and piracy. Vandana Shiva, an environmental activist and supporter of food sovereignty, refers to the patenting of genetic material and bioresources as “the second coming of Columbus” since it reinforces colonial power dynamics.Example of Biopiracy
Major examples are −Biopiracy of African Super Sweet Berries
Pentadiplandra brazzein is a plant that may be found in the west of South Africa. It is a crucial source of the protein brazzein. There, it is used as a low-calorie sweetener by the populace. It is known to be significantly sweeter than sugar (approximately two thousand times). Current research has focused on isolating the brazzein gene, which has been sequenced and trademarked in the USA.Patenting of Azadirachta Indica – Neem
Neem has proven to be beneficial in a number of ways since ancient times. Indians have disseminated their neem expertise to people all around the world. The U.S. Department of Agriculture and an American business named W.R. Grace were granted a European patent in 1994 that detailed a number of techniques for preventing fungal infections in plants using a neem-derived composition.Biopiracy of the Enola Bean
It was given the name of Larry Proctor’s wife, who was responsible for its 1999 invention. Mexican yellow beans are also known as enola beans. North Mexico is where this bean first became commercially successful. The patent owners then filed many lawsuits against Mexican yellow bean importers. Farmers thus faced a financial crisis. Farmers brought a legal claim, and the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office decided in their favour.The Rosy Periwinkle
Madagascar is where the rose periwinkle was first discovered. It has since spread to a number of other tropical nations worldwide. This makes it possible for researchers to collect data from one country and grow samples in another.Types of Biopiracy
According to Daniel F. Robinson, there are three types of biopiracy −Patent Biopiracy
Inventions based on biological resources and/or traditional knowledge that are obtained without the required authorization or benefit-sharing from other nations, indigenous communities, or local communities are referred to as “patent-based biopiracy” when they are patented.Non-Patent Biopiracy
Non-patent biopiracy is described as the creation of commercialised non-patented goods based on biological resources and/or traditional knowledge that were acquired without the required authorization from other nations, indigenous peoples, or locals, or benefit-sharing.Misappropriation
Misappropriation is the illegal taking of biological resources and/or traditional knowledge from local or indigenous peoples, other nations, or both without giving enough back in exchange.Biopiracy’s Effects on Biodiversity and Other Social Elements
Understanding how biopiracy affects biodiversity and other societal facets is crucial. Biopiracy has recently had a substantial impact on biodiversity on a global scale, including −
Disappearance of indigenous species
The nation’s natural resources and indigenous knowledge are being privatized.
Decrease in biodiversity
The appropriate balance of the environment has been harmed by the removal of an endemic species from a particular ecosystem. In various ways, the breakdown of biological ties is detrimental to long-term environmental stability.
The unauthorised export of living things has led to the extinction of endangered species. For example, the illegal exports of ornamental fish pose a threat to the Bulath Happaya (Puntius nigrofasciatus), an indigenous freshwater fish species in Sri Lanka.
Indigenous peoples’ cultural identities and traditional knowledge are impacted by biopiracy as well. Traditional agricultural productivity in Asian nations has dropped by 70% as a result of the loss of local knowledge. Indigenous species have vanished as a result of the emergence of genetically engineered creatures.
The biodiversity of a nation is impacted by biopiracy, as are its social and economic systems. It is a tremendously successful company. Because biopiracy is so profitable, the majority of multinational businesses with headquarters in wealthy nations opt to use the bioresources of underdeveloped nations and secure patents for them.Conclusion
In many ways, the dominance of biopiracy in the modern era may be understood as a development of the political and economic philosophy of neoliberalism (a modern politico-economic theory that favours free trade, privatization, minimal government intervention in business, reduced public expenditure on social services, and enhancing the role of the private sector in modern society).
The idea, which is incredibly problematic in and of itself, is closely linked to the idea of biological inventions having intellectual property rights. Because there are so many international agreements involved, patenting biotechnology inventions is substantially more complicated. The concept of biopiracy is influenced by a number of ideas, including the idea of proprietary intellectual property rights, community rights, national sovereignty, and humanity’s common history.Frequently Asked Question
Q1. Who Coined the term Biopiracy?
Ans. A Canadian environmentalist Pat Roy Mooney first used the term “biopiracy” in the early 1990s (Mooney, 2000; Robinson et al., 2014). Since then, other environmental and social rights movements have adopted and developed the concept.
Q2. Which country is highly affected by biopiracy?
Ans. India is home to the most diverse ecosystems on Earth. It is highly susceptible to biopiracy. Traditional knowledge has been indiscriminately exploited without a fair benefit distribution.
Q3. Why is biopiracy important?
Ans. The sustainability of rural and indigenous peoples depends critically on the conservation of habitat, ecosystems, and biodiversity. Biopiracy is the theft of genetic materials, particularly flora and other biological elements, through the patenting process.
Q4. What is Haldi (turmeric) biopiracy?
Lenovo’s ThinkPad CES 2023 line-up: What you need to know
CES 2023 is still a week away, but Lenovo hasn’t been able to contain its ThinkPad excitement, revealing a fresh batch of laptops and accessories ahead of the show. As always, the Lenovo ThinkPad range is of particular interest to business users, but that doesn’t stop regular consumers eyeing them up too. This time around, there are some particularly intriguing accessories like USB Type-C and Thunderbolt 3 docks, which might even coax some MacBook Pro owners into opening their wallets.
We’ve covered all the news in detail, but here’s the highlights wrap-up to get you up to speed:
Lenovo ThinkPad Yoga 370
You might usually associate Lenovo’s Yoga branding with its consumer notebooks, but there’s no reason business users should miss out too. The Lenovo ThinkPad Yoga 370 has the 360-degree hinge of its consumer cousins, to convert into a tablet when required. Add Thunderbolt 3, a 10-hour battery, and a digital pen, and you have a notebook that should work for both work and creativity.
Lenovo ThinkPad L470 and L570
The ThinkPad L470 and L570 may not win awards for eye-catching design or ultra-thinness, but they do have the solid build that the range is notorious for. Factor in up to 12 hours of battery life, plenty of ports, and the latest Intel Core processors, and you can see the appeal. Take your pick of 14-inch or 15.6-inch display sizes, up to Full HD resolution, and optional AMD discrete graphics.
Lenovo ThinkPad 13
Though the ThinkPad 13 might look slim and light, at 0.75-inches thick, it still hits MIL-SPEC durability ratings. That toughness is paired with a 13.3-inch display and the latest ports like USB Type-C. Pricing kicks off at $674.
Lenovo ThinkPad X270
If battery life is your primary concern while working on the go, the ThinkPad X270 might be for you. Boasting a crazy 20 hours of runtime from a single charge, the 12.5-inch notebook somehow manages to keep weight down to under three pounds. New biometric fingerprint tech, NFC, and USB Type-C, share chassis space with some good old-fashioned ports like ethernet.
Lenovo ThinkPad T Series
Like the L470 and L570, the ThinkPad T Series probably won’t win any awards for fancy design. What the range – which spans 14- to 15.6-inch screen sizes – does deliver is MIL-SPEC ruggedness and the possibility of more than 16 hours of battery life from select models. Optional infrared cameras that’ll work with Windows Hello in Windows 10 are also available.
Lenovo ThinkPad Docks
Lenovo has always been good with peripherals, and the new ThinkPad docks could well lure some users of rival notebooks over to the company’s accessories range. There are new USB Type-C and Thunderbolt 3 docks for CES 2023, intended to live on your desk and add multiple ports, display output, and power with a single cable. Pricing kicks off under $200 for the USB-C version.
Lenovo ThinkVision P24h and P27h Monitors
Lenovo’s newest monitors, the ThinkVision P24h and P27h, may not do away with bezels entirely, but they come very close. The super-skinny frames surround either 24- or 27-inch panels, both running at 2560 x 1440 resolution. As well as the usual display inputs, there’s USB-C and the displays can act as desktop hubs with further USB ports.
The ThinkPad line-up may be business-focused, but that doesn’t mean consumers won’t be interested. However, it’s the ThinkVision displays and the ThinkPad Docks that we suspect many people will covet: after all, with notebooks like the new MacBook Pro switching to Thunderbolt 3, there are plenty of legacy peripherals out there that still need a way to connect. We’ll know exactly what Lenovo has in store for its consumer range next week at CES itself.
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