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Images are at the heart of many good InDesign layouts, but you don’t have to be stuck with boring old rectangles. Adobe InDesign has a great set of tools for creating complex text wraps that help integrate your visual and typographic elements into a more dynamic layout.
These tools are easy to learn but take some time and practice to master, so let’s take a quick look at how they work.
How to Wrap Text Around an Image in InDesign
Wrapping your text around shapes and images is extremely easy in InDesign, especially if you’re working with a simple shape such as a rectangular photo or graphic.
For the purposes of this tutorial, I’m going to assume that you’ve already inserted the object you want to wrap text around, but if you’re not sure how to, you can check out my tutorial about how to insert images in InDesign.
Step 1: Select the object you want to wrap and make sure that it’s overlapping a text frame (this isn’t actually necessary, but it can help you to gauge the results of your text wrap settings).
Step 2: In the Control panel that runs across the top of the main document window, locate the text wrap section, as highlighted below.
These four buttons control the basic text wrap options in InDesign. Clockwise from the top left, they are: No text wrap, Wrap around bounding box, Wrap around object shape, and Jump object.
The Text Wrap panel allows you to adjust the same four wrap options but also gives you some customization options about how close your text will fit around the wrapped object.
You can also restrict wrapping to certain areas and customize the wrapping contours with a range of different options.
Last but not least, you can also invert the whole wrap so that your text is only visible overtop of your image.
Content-Aware Text Wrapping in InDesign
One of the most appealing new features of InDesign’s text wrapping toolkit is the ability to use Photoshop’s Select Subject algorithm directly within InDesign to create an extremely accurate custom path for your text wrap edge.
If you’re not familiar with this tool from Photoshop, it’s a machine-learning trick that does exactly what the name suggests: it analyzes your image and creates a selection around what it considers to be the main subject.
To create a custom wrap around the subject in an image, you’ll need to be working with an image that has a fairly clear distinction between the background and the main subject. The Select Subject algorithm is pretty good, but it sometimes gets lost in more complex images.
With your object selected, enable the Wrap around object shape option in the Text Wrap panel. In the Contour Options section, choose Select Subject from the dropdown menu.
InDesign will think for a second or ten, depending on the complexity of the image and your CPU, and then you’ll see a new path appear in light blue around the subject of your image.
I think the implementation of this process is still a bit rough from a user experience perspective, but the results are good, as you can see in the example above.
Advanced Text Wraps
If you like the sound of custom text wraps but you want even more flexibility, InDesign can also read clipping masks and alpha channels from any file format that supports them and then use them as text wrap guides.
Place your image, and enable the Wrap around object shape option in the Text Wrap panel. In the Contour Options section, select the appropriate option for your image. If InDesign hasn’t detected your clipping path, Photoshop path, or alpha channel, then the corresponding option will be unavailable.
A Note About InDesign Clipping Paths
InDesign can also make its own clipping masks using a slightly more complex process than the newer Select Subject option. It’s less capable, and it forces you to remove the background of your image, but it may still be useful if the fancy modern version isn’t working for you.
Select your image object, and press the keyboard shortcut Command + Option + Shift + K (use Ctrl + Alt + Shift + K on a PC) to open the Clipping Path dialog.
The clipping path generated with this method can then be used in the Contour Options section of the Text Wrap menu. While it’s not quite as simple as Select Subject, it can offer a better wrap on certain images, and it allows you to isolate a subject from its background without having to rely on an external image editor.
How to wrap text around a table in InDesign?
InDesign allows you to wrap text around a table very easily, it’s just that the Control panel doesn’t update to display the text wrap options automatically when you have a table selected. Instead, you’ll need to work with the Text Wrap panel directly.
How to remove text wrapping in InDesign?
There are a couple of different reasons to stop text wrap in InDesign, and so there are a couple of different methods to apply.
You can also set a specific text frame to ignore text wrap settings. Select your text frame, and press Command + B (use Ctrl + B if you’re using InDesign on a PC) to open the Text Frame Options dialog. Check the box at the bottom labeled Ignore Text Wrap.
A Final Word
Happy text wrapping!
You're reading How To Wrap Text In Adobe Indesign (Step
When creating a layout design using text, images, and other elements, a neat trick to learn is placing text behind an image in Photoshop. This technique is often used on magazine covers, but you can use this eye-catching technique for almost any type of layout you’re designing.
Once you have completed the simple steps to place the text behind an object or the subject of the photo, you don’t need to repeat the steps when adding more text. There is a way to save time when adding additional text to the layout without re-doing the entire process, which I will detail in the last section.
Follow along with your own photo to complete this layout technique.How To Place Text Behind An Object In Photoshop
Before you begin the process, you must open your photo in Photoshop. You can complete this effect on an image or the layout document if you have started a design. I will show you the technique on this image I have open in Photoshop.Step 1: Add Text Onto The Image
Once your image is open, add text to the document by selecting the Type Tool from the Toolbar or pressing T.Step 2: Format The Text And Add Effects
While you won’t need to rasterize the text and will be able to edit it throughout the process, it’s still a good idea to format your text at this stage. You can use the settings in the Options Bar to select a font, weight, and color and set the text size.
When you partially cover text with parts of an image, it’s a good idea to use a bold font so that people can still read the text. There are plenty of free fonts you can use in Photoshop. I am using Franklin Gothic Demi at a size of 377 points to fit the image.
To further enhance the text, you can add various Layer Styles to make it stand out. A Drop Shadow is one of my favorite quick and easy effects to add.
Add any other effects you want to complete the text. I am happy with the drop shadow and changing the text color to white.Step 3: Select The Subject Using The Select Subject Function
To place the text behind parts of the image, you must decide what objects or subjects you want to be above the text. In my case, I want the text to sit behind the photo’s subject, which is the woman in the sleeping bag.
Then, use one of the selection tools to select the area you want to cover the text. You can use the Object Selection Tool for objects or the Select Subject function, as I will. First, activate the Quick Selection Tool (W) to find the Select Subject option.
Once the process is complete, the subject will be surrounded by marching ants to show the selection is complete.
If you have a complex subject and the selection isn’t as accurate as you want, you can open the Select and Mask workspace from the Options Bar to refine the selection. I detail how to use the workspace in the Quick Selection Tool article linked above.
Once you have refined the selection, you can move on to the next step.Step 4: Add A Layer Mask To The Text Layer
With the selection still active, turn the text layer’s visibility back on and select the text layer.
On the canvas, you will notice that all the text is hidden except for the parts of the text that were placed over the selected area. This isn’t the desired result, but you will fix this in the next step.Step 5: Invert The Layer Mask
To correct the layer mask, you need to invert it. Keep the layer mask selected, indicated by the white border around the mask.
Then, press Control + I (Win) or Command + I (Mac) to invert the mask. You will notice the mask change in the Layers Panel, now showing the subject in black and the background in white.
The text will now be partially hidden on the canvas by the subject (or areas you selected). This is more the look you are after.Step 6: Unlink The Text Layer And The Layer Mask
There is one problem at this stage. If you were to select the Move Tool (V) and move the text layer to a new position on the canvas, you would notice that a part of the text is missing where it was sitting behind the object.
Now that the two elements are separated, you can move the text anywhere, and it will be hidden when it’s behind the subject, but it won’t show pieces cut off. Just make sure the T icon of your text layer is surrounded by the white box in the layers panel, and not your layer mask!Step 7: Move The Text Around To Find The Correct Placement
You can now move the text around the canvas to find the best placement. Remember not to hide too much of the text behind the subject, as the reader still needs to be able to make sense of the word.
For instance, placing the text too low creates confusion, and the reader will have to think about what the word is. If the word isn’t obvious, readers may be unable to determine what the headline is saying since too much of it is hidden.
Placing the word with just a few pieces of some letters missing is ideal as readers automatically know what the word says and can enjoy the entire layout without getting stuck on the word. You have now placed text behind an image.How To Save Time Adding Additional Text Behind An Image In Photoshop
When continuing with your layout, you may want to add additional text. If you also want this text to be partially hidden behind the subject, you don’t need to repeat all the steps above. You can easily copy the effect.
First, add your additional text to the layout. Remember to format and style it as you’d like and place it where important words or letters aren’t hidden.
I have written a block of text containing words that describe camping. I kept the color white with a drop shadow. Since this copy isn’t too important and is more for the layout’s aesthetic, it doesn’t matter if the subject covers the bulk of the text.
The layer mask will be added to the new text layer without it linked, so you don’t need to worry about unlinking it from the new text.
On your canvas, the new text layer will sit behind your subject or area you previously masked out. You can move the text around to re-position it if needed using the Move Tool (V).
You have successfully placed text behind parts of your image in a way that allows you to edit the text and move it around as needed. You can apply this technique to any type of layout design to add depth and creativity to the project. This method is perfect for blog post feature images, magazine covers, invitations, or poster designs.
If you don’t want to create an Adobe account or need higher-quality AI images, you might be looking for Adobe Firefly alternatives.
The good news is that there are several apps that offer similar features to Firefly.
However, there is not one single platform that can replace Firefly.
You will need a combination of different AI image generators, such as Midjourney and Getimg to achieve similar functionality.
In this post, I will share the best options to provide an alternative to Firefly and how to get started.
Let’s jump in!
Adobe Firefly is a new AI image generation and editing platform.
The suite offers several features including:
Text to image
Generative fill (remove/replace objects)
It is currently free to try.
Eventually, it appears these features will be entirely rolled into Photoshop, which starts at about $20 per month.
Related: AI Image Editor: Complete Guide & Tools
There are several reasons why you might be looking elsewhere for an alternative to Firefly.
Speaking for myself, quality is the number one driver behind which products I choose to use.
While Firefly is versatile and easy to use, I still find myself using other apps like Midjourney to generate the original base image.
This is particularly important if your content is suggestive in nature.
Given Adobe’s position as a major public company, it is very unlikely that they will allow NSFW or violent image generation or editing on their platform.
For creatives who rely on unfiltered platforms, I’ll share some options later on that can be run locally on your computer.
While Firefly is free to try today, it is likely these AI features will require a paid subscription to Photoshop at some point in the future.
Currently, Photoshop starts at around $21 per month, which is cost prohibitive for many non-professionals and hobbyists.
Also, many people aren’t interested in creating an Adobe account.
This could either be because they have had poor experiences with the company in the past or the service is not currently available in their country.
There are several AI image generators that are either free or exceed Firefly when it comes to image quality.
For quality, Midjourney is hands-down the superior option to Firefly.
Midjourney costs $9.99 per month for the lowest tier.
You need to create a Discord account to use Midjourney.
But once you get started, the platform provides the best AI images compared to other apps like Firefly, Stable Diffusion, and Dall-E.
The downside to Midjourney is that it does not currently have a generative fill feature like Firefly.
So you will need to look elsewhere if you want to expand the edges of images, replace certain parts of an image, or add/remove objects.
While Midjourney provides a solid foundation, let’s take a look at Firefly alternatives for generative fill, which is also referred to as outpainting and inpainting.
Related: Midjourney Tips For Beginners
Source: Bing Image Generator
Microsoft offers a free AI image-generation tool powered by Dall-E.
It’s super simple to use, but the quality can be hit or miss.
The nice part is that you can use Bing Image Generator to regenerate a text-to-image prompt several times until you get something suitable.
While there are certainly better quality options, Bing is a great intro to generative AI images without spending a dime.
This is where Firefly excels, so it is challenging to find an alternative that will outshine Adobe in this aspect.
Getimg Example of Generative Fill
The simplest option is called Getimg.
This app uses Stable Diffusion models to let you expand the borders of images using AI.
There’s also an AI text editor.
Getimg AI Editor
This lets you can also highlight certain parts of the image to change through a text-to-image prompt.
Functionally, GetIMG works similarly to Firefly.
GetIMG offers a free trial and paid plans start at $12 per month.
This option requires a little more technical setup and requires a desktop that is powerful enough to run Stable Diffusion locally.
The upside of going the local route is that you can also incorporate cool features like ControlNet, which lets you adjust the poses and composition of AI-generated images.
The video below will show you how to get started with inpainting, aka generative fill.
Learning how to format text in Photoshop is one of the most essential skills for graphic design work in the program. After all, what good is it to create a piece of text if you don’t know how to format it as you want? Luckily, learning how to do this is very simple.
So in this tutorial, I will walk you through not only the Character Panel but also ways to format text with the Type Tool and the Paragraph Panel as well.Understanding The Paragraph & The Character Panels In Photoshop
The Type Tool, Paragraph panel, and Character panel are the most important Photoshop functions when using text.
All three functions offer great formatting features to help ensure a professional typographic design in Photoshop. It’s good to know what each function offers.The Options Bar
I want to first discuss the Options Bar. This is the first port of call after selecting the Type Tool (T). There are minimal text formatting options here, but they might come in handy.
When the Type Tool is selected, the Options Bar will display various settings at the top of your Photoshop window.
There are dropdown menus for font choice and font styles, a font size menu, paragraph alignment options, and a color swatch.
All of the settings in the Options Bar are also available, along with more, within the Character and Paragraph panels.The Paragraph Panel
The Paragraph panel is used for formatting paragraph text. This is best for adjusting large amounts of body text to fit into your design.
When enabled, the Paragraph panel button appears on the vertical toolbar on the right-hand side of the workspace, alongside other panels that you can choose to display, making it easy to hide or show when needed.
Within the Paragraph panel, there are the three alignment options for left, center, and right like the ones found in the Options Bar. Next to those are four justification options to justify text: left, center, right, and all.
The other settings in the Paragraph panel are for setting left and right margins and indents, adding spaces before or after paragraphs, and adding hyphenation for long words. Each of these settings helps you present your text in ways to best fit the space provided while retaining readability and a professional standard.The Character Panel
The Character panel is similar to the Paragraph panel, only its tools focus on settings for the characters within the text rather than the text as a whole.
Some of the tools in the Character panel are similar to those found in the Options Bar. Standard type settings like font type, font style, font size, and color are found in both.
But there are some tools that you can only find in the Character panel, and they can be helpful with formatting your text, such as leading, kerning, and tracking, as well as vertical and horizontal scaling tools.
You’ll also find some extra font styles like bold, italics, underline, strikethrough, and superscript to add some style to your text. Under the font styles are further stylish offerings of ligatures — if the font includes them — as well as a language tool to avoid spelling errors.How To Align Text In Photoshop
Text alignment sets which edge the text always starts from and is usually based on how the language is read — for example, English is read left-to-right, so most text is left-aligned to allow for easier reading.
As I’ve previously mentioned, you can find the three alignment options in both the Options Bar when the Type Tool is selected as well as any time you open the Paragraph panel.Align Text Using The Options Bar
To set the alignment using the Options bar, select the Type Tool (T).
Then in the Options Bar, select one of the three alignment options — right, center, or left-aligned — to align your text.
Standard alignment for most English text is aligned flush left and ragged right.Align Text Using The Paragraph Panel
You can also use the Paragraph panel to align text. The benefit of using this instead of the Options Bar is that you can open the Paragraph panel even when using another tool, which is helpful if you need to make a quick change and then carry on with the previous tool.
First, in the Layers panel, select your text layer. If you have multiple text layers, you can select all the text layers you wish to apply the same alignment to.
The direction aligns the text flush to the chosen side giving the other side a ragged edge.
The center-aligned text has a ragged edge on both edges.Justify Text Using The Paragraph Panel
Next to the alignment options are the justification options which are different from alignment. Justified text horizontally fills the text box which gives flush text on both sides. To ensure both sides of text have flush edges, unlike the ragged edge that comes from using non-justified text, extra gaps may appear in between words.
The left, right, or center-justified text options only move the last line — known as the orphan or widow — of text to either direction.How To Center Text To Objects In Photoshop
You can center your texts to objects or the canvas itself, to create a center-balanced design. Whether your object is a shape, image, or even another text box, it’s easy to center it to your text.
This technique is best done with point text rather than paragraph text; using paragraph text will center from the text box, which may not be the center of your text itself. Using point text will center on the true center of the text.
I will show you how to center text to an object; I’m using the Ellipse tool (U) for my shape.
Then select the Move Tool (V) which will bring up alignment options in the Options Bar.
You can also align the text or an image to the center of the canvas in the same way as long as you select the Background layer in the Layers panel along with the other layer you want to align.How To Indent Paragraphs In Photoshop
Using the Paragraph panel, you can format indents and margins to your written paragraphs. These are an important part of layout design and are very easy to implement.
In the Paragraph panel, change the indent setting to set a paragraph indent, which moves the first line of text inwards.
To create separate paragraphs, press Enter on your keyboard and the indent will appear at the beginning of all paragraphs. You can also set a specific spacing above paragraphs by changing the point value.How To Edit Character & Line Spacing In Photoshop
You can use the Character panel to edit spacing between text including individual characters or whole words. There are three main ways to edit spacing: kerning, tracking, and leading. Changing any of these three adds to the finer details of your text formatting, so what are these settings for?What Is Kerning?
Kerning determines the space between individual letters in a word. Sometimes the gaps between letters in a standard font look unnaturally large or small which negatively affects the readability of a word. You can see the inconsistent spacing between the letters d, i, and p in my example below.
In the Character panel, adjust the kerning settings up or down until you’re satisfied.
The result after kerning is often subtle, but it can make a huge difference in the finer details of text formatting.What Is Tracking?
Tracking determines an entire word’s spacing, rather than individual spaces. Sometimes adjusting the tracking can help with fitting words into a small space without changing the font size.
Adjusting the tracking rather than the font size keeps your design elements balanced and saves you from having to redesign your text.
Tracking is, again, found in the Character panel.
To apply tracking, highlight the word you wish to affect. You can apply tracking to letter groups, full words, or groups of words. Whatever is highlighted will be affected.
I set the tracking to -50, which has decreased the spacing of the highlighted word. Now it’s narrow enough that it fits at the end of the previous line. You can use tracking as an artistic effect with tight or loose spacing or for functional uses, like my example.What Is Leading?
Leading determines the spaces between lines of text. When writing a paragraph, you may need more or less space between lines for better readability or design style.
You can change the leading to affect all the lines or you can highlight an individual line to increase or decrease the space above it. Leading only affects the space above the highlighted line, not the space below it.
The Leading setting is found in the Character panel above tracking.
Default leading is set to auto for any given font. But if your paragraph has multiple font sizes, you’ll have to manually change the leading.
Leading values are the same as font-size values. The dropdown menu has a list of point sizes.
Highlight any lines of text you wish to change the spacing between, and choose a leading value in the dropdown menu.
Welcome to this article on using Adobe Illustrator’s Generative Recolor AI. You can this tool to unleash your creativity in a broad way and improve your creative workflow. This guide will lead you through installing, gaining access to, and using Adobe Illustrator’s Generative Recolor AI tool.
Stay tuned to discover the new opportunities to easily improve your artwork with pleasing color schemes. Let’s dig in and explore the fascinating realm of Adobe Illustrator’s generative recolor feature!What Is AI Generative Recolor?
It is a new innovative tool in Adobe Illustrator called Generative Recolor AI which makes use of artificial intelligence to create aesthetically pleasing color palettes and color variations for your projects. It intelligently proposes numerous color combinations after analyzing your artwork by letting you experiment with different creative possibilities and produce spectacular outcomes.
On the other hand generative recolor AI also gives you creative and effective ways to improve your illustrations, logos, and other visual assets in Adobe Illustrator, whether you’re wanting to update your designs or try out new color palettes.How to Use the Generative Recolor AI in Adobe Illustrator?
Generative Recolor AI is currently a beta feature in Adobe Illustrator for recolouring your vector artwork using simple text prompts . You can describe your desired color theme, mood, or palette in English, and Illustrator will generate multiple variations for you to choose from.
Here are the steps to use Generative Recolor AI in Adobe Illustrator:
The Generative Recolor window is divided into several areas, including a prompt box, example photos, result variants, and sophisticated recoloring options.
Open the piece of art or design you wish to recolor in Adobe Illustrator.
Go to the “Edit” menu and select “Edit Colors.”
You can also proceed to explore more and create your own color schemes to generate a variety of color palettes and combinations based on an analysis of your artwork.
To further personalize the created color schemes, you can also change the color harmony, intensity, and other factors.
If desired, you can keep tweaking the color scheme manually by changing individual hues, or you can try out various ideas.
When you are happy with the recolored artwork, you can save your project and export.Features
The following are some salient characteristics of Adobe Illustrator’s Recolor AI feature:
Color variations: Let you experiment with various creative options. Recolor AI analyzes your artwork and provides multiple color variations or alternative color schemes.
Harmonious Color Palettes: By taking into consideration color theory concepts and making sure that the colors complement one another, Adobe Illustrator offers harmonies and visually appealing color combinations.
Customization Options: To fine-tune the proposed color schemes to your tastes, you can change a number of characteristics including color harmony, saturation, brightness, and individual color values.
Realtime Preview: Recolor AI offers a real-time preview of how the new colors will appear on your artwork as you make adjustments to the color scheme, enabling you to see the results right away.
Global Color Swatches: Recolor AI interacts with the global color swatches in Adobe Illustrator, making it simple to use the new color schemes throughout your artwork as a whole. This guarantees consistency and makes editing easier.
Iterative Exploration: You can tweak the color scheme until you get the desired effect by iterating and experimenting with various color variations.
Automation: The procedure of choosing and modifying colors is automated by AI, saving you time and effort during the creative cycle. It makes the process of recoloring easier, especially for intricate artwork with numerous aspects.
No Additional Plugins: Recolor AI is easily accessible and comfortable to use without the need for additional software or plugins because to its seamless integration with Adobe Illustrator.
Also read: Adobe Alternatives: 10 Free and Open-Source Software OptionsAdobe Illustrator Generative Recolor AI – FAQs What is Generative Recolor AI in Adobe Illustrator? How does Generative Recolor AI work in Adobe Illustrator?
It creates harmonious and varied color combinations that fit your style and mood using a deep learning model trained on millions of photos.Can I customize the generated color schemes in Generative Recolor AI? Can Generative Recolor AI suggest color schemes for any type of artwork?
Generative Recolor AI can make pleasing and complementary color suggestions that go with your style and mood, whether you want to recolor a photograph, a painting, a sketch, or a graphic design. YCan Generative Recolor AI in Adobe Illustrator used offline?
No, a working internet connection is necessary for Generative Recolor AI, which is currently in beta.Is Generative Recolor AI in Adobe Illustrator is Free?
Generative Recolor AI is a part of Adobe Illustrator, so you need to pay for Illustrator to use the new Recolor AI.Conclusion
In conclusion, Adobe Illustrator’s Generative Recolor AI is a potent tool that may help you produce gorgeous color variations for your projects. It can be used to experiment with various color schemes, harmonies, and moods or to implement your own unique color schemes.
Each color group’s brightness, contrast, and saturation can also be changed. You can also lock the colors you want to preserve. You can save time and effort and be motivated to explore new possibilities for your artistic endeavors by using the Generative Recolor AI.
Ethereum is arguably the second most popular cryptocurrency after Bitcoin. With the second largest market capitalization in the whole cryptocurrency market, it was the first cryptocurrency to feature “smart contracts”. Smart contracts are individual, decentralised and self-executing agreements which are coded into the blockchain.
Developed by Vitalik Buterin in, Ethereum went live with its beta version in 2023. It features the Ethereum virtual machine, or EVM, capable of running smart contracts as a representation of financial agreements such as swaps, options contracts and coupon paying bonds. One can use Ethereum to fulfil employment contracts, as a trusted escrow and to execute wagers and bets.
Cryptocurrency experts and analysts are of the opinion that Ethereum mining is more profitable than Bitcoin mining. According to the latest statistics, Ethereum miners are earning an average of $77 million in daily revenue, compared to $67 million that Bitcoin miners have earned. Thus many experts in the field believe that it is generally more profitable to mine Ethereum instead of Bitcoin.
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What is Mining?
Before we begin discussing what Ethereum mining is, we must first understand mining as a process means. Mining refers to computationally intensive work that requires a lot of computer processing power and time. In the mining process, the miner is an investor that provides energy, computer space, and time for sorting through blocks. They submit their solutions to the issuers when the mining process hits the right hash. Miners get rewards which are portions of the transactions for taking part in the mining process. Miners in cryptocurrencies are responsible for increasing the circulation of a particular cryptocurrency in the market. Every cryptocurrency has an upper limit of the number of coins that can be mined. So when rewards are reduced, the inflow of new cryptocurrencies also reduces.What is Ethereum Mining?
Mining Ethereum means more than just increasing the volume of Ether in circulation. It also means securing the Ethereum network while creating, verifying, and ad blocking the blockchain.
Compared to mining Bitcoin, Ethereum mining takes up a lot of electricity and computational power. The difficulty level adjusts itself dynamically to produce one block after every 12 seconds.
The mining process for Ethereum uses the Proof-of-work system (POW).What is Ethereum Proof of Work?
Like Bitcoin, Ethereum also uses a consensus protocol to operate, known as Proof-of-work(PoW). The Ethereum network uses this protocol for its nodes to agree on the state of information recorded on the blockchain. It is the mechanism that allows the Ethereum network nodes to come to a consensus on data.
The protocol aims to deter or curb blockchain network attacks or abuse. They do this by forcing all participants to solve moderately hard calculations or computations to verify blockchain transactions for a reward. PoW is also responsible for releasing new currency into the system. In the PoW system, no one can erase or create fake transactions.
PoW miners have to use their computational resources to solve hashes to verify transactions. It is done to prevent double-spending. Proof of Work also helps you to ensure that the network functions without relying on any third party or middleman.Profitability Factor of Ethereum Mining
How much money an Ethereum miner makes depends on several costs, including electricity consumption, fees, or the cost of hardware being used.
Generally, three factors affect the profits of Ethereum mining.
Rewards per block: At the moment, miners get 2 ETH plus the transaction fees for each block mined. You can check out the rewards per block for Ethereum from sites such as chúng tôi , which provides updated statistics daily on block rewards for Ethereum.
Ethereum Block Count and Rewards Chart
Network difficulty: Every cryptocurrency has a mining difficulty of its own, and so does Ethereum. Ethereum mining difficulty refers to the difficulty of a problem that miners can solve to produce a block. As a general rule, the larger the number of miners in the network. The more difficult it is to find a block, which increases the more difficult. The more miners with powerful hardware enter the market, the more difficulty will decrease the profits significantly. To check the present network difficulty of Ethereum, you can visit sites such as ethstats.net, which provides updated network difficulty stats daily.
Uptime: The amount of time that the miner’s rig is online and mining is called uptime in this context.
Pools: Miners use Mining hash pools to bring together their hash rate to rapidly find blocks and get rewards. It is much more efficient compared to solo mining. It is considered one of the most profitable and reliable ways of mining Ethereum.
Hardware: Miners always have to be on the lookout for updates and innovations in mining rigs and GPU model, which can save them a lot of money by either increasing the hash rate or consuming less electricity. Alternatively, miners can opt for mining pools for effectively mining Ethereum for a profit.
Network Changes: Ethereum’s transition to the Proof-of-stake model will have an effect on mining profits. PoW (Proof of Work) mining is expected to be effective till 2023.Types of Ethereum Mining
Depending on the type of processes and hardware used, there are several different ways you can mine Ethereum. We will now cover each of them briefly.
It is an extremely slow process to go on for several months without earning any significant gains. All one needs to start CPU mining Ethereum is just a computer and some software programs.
GPU Mining: This is probably the most popular method of mining cryptocurrencies. Miners use one or several graphics processing units to mine Ethereum. It’s both relatively cheap and efficient to build a mining rig comprising of GPUs. A standard Ethereum mining rig consists of a motherboard, a processor, and a rig frame that houses the graphics cards.
There are reports that ASIC miners have influenced various cryptocurrencies’ economies by investing in ASIC farms. However, the list of cryptocurrencies does not include Ethereum.
For instance, combining 6 mining devices in a pool can offer 335 mega hashes per second can generate 2 Giga hashes of mining power.Which mining method is best for you?
The decision you make will be based on key factors, such as whether you are willing to own a mining rig, or how much you intend to initially invest. Particularly, it will also depend on the following factors:
The amount you want to invest
Whether you want to mine with a rig or not
If so, what rig do you own?
Cloud mining and GPU Mining are popular methods of mining Ethereum. ASIC mining is unpredictable nowadays, while it isn’t financially viable to mine using a CPU.
However, one of the best ways that experts believe one can mine Ethereum is through an Ethereum mining pool. Pool mining Ethereum allows you to lower the volatility of your payouts. This is done by offering you smaller but more frequent payouts instead of a lump sum amount that you receive only after a block has been solved. Always try to choose a mining pool that provides you with the lowest fees and reliable terms.Mining Software & Hardware requirements
So before you start mining, you need to look at the software requirements and the operating system you need. You will need
Mining application: Ethereum uses the Ethash algorithm. Thus the mining software you choose should be tailored to the algorithm.
Mining pool address
Graphics Card: GPU with 3GB RAM, can mine Ethereum. We always recommend that you use Desktop. However, there are gaming laptops capable of mining Ethereum because of their high-end cards.
Crypto Wallets: You will also need a cryptocurrency wallet to receive the ETH.
Operating System: You should choose Windows 10(64bit). Alternatively, you can use various Linux distributions. However, it is not recommended. You can easily configure windows and start your mining process faster.
To choose appropriate mining software for Ethereum, check the following criteria to take your final decision:
Maximum hash rate: You should select your mining software after checking the mining hardware capabilities you have.
Type of mining: Depending on the type of mining you choose, your software requirements will differ.How to Mine Ethereum
Among all the methods of mining discussed above, it’s pretty clear that GPU, CPU, and ASIC mining aren’t profitable as they were in the past. Thus, joining a mining pool is the preferred way of making more money while mining Ethereum.
Before we begin the pool mining process make sure you install all graphics card drivers.
Installing graphics card drivers
The next step involves installing a driver for your graphics card. If you have an AMD graphics card, you can download the driver from here.
Alternatively, in case you have an Nvidia graphics card, you can download their latest drivers from here.
Follow the steps below to begin your pool mining operation.
Step #1: Select a mining pool
The first thing you need to do is to join a mining pool. By using a mining pool, you are sharing resources which lowers the cost of running mining rigs. Depending on the quality and structure of the mining group, you chances of finding a block are massively improved.
Some of the best mining pools include the likes of F2Pool, Nanopool and Ethermine. For this guide, we have chosen Ethermine because it is arguably the most popular mining pool. It possesses features such as anonymous mining, a real-time PPLNS payout scheme and a low fee of 1%.
To join the mining pool, all you need is your wallet address. There is no need to sign up which allows you to mine anonymously.
Step #2: Creating a cryptocurrency wallet
You will need to create a Crypto wallet to store your ETH if you don’t have one already. You can choose a software or hardware wallet depending on your preferences. Security should be your priority while choosing the best Crypto wallet. You can select any cryptocurrency wallet that supports Ethereum. For this guide we decided to use Coinbase.
It is recommended that you download the Android or iOS. After downloading the App, open it on your mobile phone.
Choose a strong pin code for your Coinbase wallet. You can also enable facial recognition or fingerprint authentication.
Wait for your account to generate after which you will be ready to use it.
Step #3: Selecting mining software
The next step is to select mining software. EasyMiner and Ethminer are two good examples. We are going to use Ethminer for this guide, which you can simply download from Github.
Step #4: Creating BAT file
To start the mining process, you need to create a BAT file. ETHminer provides a default setting that works well for most Graphics Process Units. Go ahead and use that setting. Start by copying it from the website.
Next, select the server closest to your location along with a backup server.
For this guide, we are using Asia as a main server and EU as a back up server. Cope the information as shown above from the site and paste it in the BAT file as shown below.
Next, input your Ethereum Wallet address where you receive your mining fee. Follow this by a dot and your mining machine name.
Save the file and execute the batch file to start mining.
Step #5: Starting the mining process
Once you execute the batch file to start mining, it will take about two minutes. Once you see the hash rate appear on the console, the process has begun.Mining Ethereum using GPU
Although pool mining is the most profitable method of mining Ethereum, many people still want to use their GPUs to mine. The following guide will help you begin mining using your GPU.
Step #1: Downloading and starting client
There are many mining clients you can download. We’ve chosen MinerGate for the purpose of this guide. You can download it straight from their official website. After installation is complete, launch the program.
Step #2 Benchmark PC
Step #3: Beginning the mining process
Withdrawing Ethereum to your wallet
In the address bar, insert your wallet address and hit the withdraw button again, to start the withdrawal process.Calculating Profits
To calculate profits, simply open up your miner and check your Mh/s. After opening any of the calculators, you enter the cost of electricity and power consumption. Based on the value of 1 ETH at the time, it will retrieve the average results.
For this guide, the Mh/s that the GPU is delivering is 32.258 Mh/s; Power consumption in watts= 120; Cost per KWh = $0.10. 2miners pool fee: 1.0%
We get the following results:
Profit per day: $3.66
Profit per week: $25.59
Profit per month: $109.68
Profit per 6 months: $658.08Wrap Up
As mining difficulty increases in Ethereum, coupled by a global shortage of GPUs, its becoming increasingly difficult to find alternative ways to mine in order to keep the cost in check. Luckily, pool mining Ethereum is one such method which allows you to do exactly that.
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