Trending December 2023 # How To Transform The Data Layer With Google Tag Manager # Suggested January 2024 # Top 14 Popular

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Have you ever run into problems where the data layer provided the right information, but it wasn’t in the format you could use?

A data layer includes all of the information you want to pass to Google Tag Manager into the data layer, and triggers can be set up based on the variables’ values or specific events. 

An overview of what we’ll cover: 

So let’s dive in!

Understanding the Data Layer

We have large quantities of built-in data in our data layer. However, we might only want to pull specific information according to our needs. 

The built-in data layer variable may not be useful in such instances, as the variable can only pull specific key-pair values.

Moreover, a built-in variable can’t transform the data according to your Tag needs. 

This is where we can use the power of custom JavaScript to accomplish our goals. 

We recommend that you learn the basics of JavaScript to follow along with this guide. 

Moreover, we’ll also provide you with Tags, triggers, or variables and their codes that you may need to follow this tutorial.

Let’s open our Google Tag Manager account. We have already put our browser into preview and debug mode.

But before we start, let’s go through some examples of transforming the data layer. 

Transforming the Data Layer

The most important aspect of pulling the information from the data layer is to transform the data layer into the right format. 

Let’s open a page to understand the format of the data layer. 

We’ve opened the Thank You page on our website. 

As we’re in preview and debug mode, we can access the Data Layer from the quick preview window on the browser. 

This is a custom data layer. Our transaction event data contains various key-pair values of the data. 

There are two different ways of deploying the data into Google Analytics. This particular format of data is called classic or Standard eCommerce tracking. 

There is also an Enhanced eCommerce tracking system. 

Both of these methods require different types of implementation of the data layer. 

Unfortunately, these tracking methods are not compatible with each other. 

So if you want to switch over from the classic eCommerce tracking system provided in the GTM data layer, you’ll need to reimplement the enhanced eCommerce tracking system. 

Your data will still remain the same, but just in a different format. 

We have come up with a solution to switch data formats without reimplementing the complete data. 

It’s a script that is built with the help of variables. So let’s open Variables and configure them. 

You can download our data layer transform template. Upload those templates to your GTM account. 

Let’s take an example of a custom JavaScript variable. 

It takes the input of the transaction values from the data layer, goes through various products, and pushes that data into an enhanced eCommerce checking object. 

In general terms, we’ll transform our standard eCommerce data layer into an enhanced eCommerce checking object. 

You can verify its output by navigating to the transaction → Variables section in the GTM preview window of your browser. 

We can use this enhanced eCommerce tracking object to send the transaction data to Google Analytics. 

You can easily perform this action by altering the data course in your Tags. 

Navigate to your transaction event Tag, and modify the enhanced eCommerce features to read the data from the variable, instead of using the data layer. 

This way, we can use the enhanced eCommerce tracking with the help of our transformed data layer into an enhanced eCommerce tracking object. 

This is just one example of taking the data and transforming it according to our specific needs. 

You can also piece together certain data points from the data layer itself and format them in your chosen format. 

Let’s see how! 

Formatting the Data Layer Ready for Output

In our example, we have enhanced eCommerce tracking data layer installed for a Thank You page on the website. 

We’ll pull specific product details to push them into an array. 

This can be very important in certain situations. 

Along with the currency values, we’ll also need the data of the purchased products on the website. 

We have different product IDs that can be transferred by using a code. We need to access them and transfer them into the correct format. 

We solved this problem by creating a custom JavaScript variable that can pull out the correct product IDs from the given data layer. 

First, let’s access the enhanced eCommerce tracking data layer, access the purchase summary through it, and then access the product ID. 

Our path will be to access eCommerce tracking → purchase → products. 

Finally, we’ll configure a for loop in our code that accesses all the products and pushes the IDs back to our array. 

Additionally, we’ll add a return function following the for loop. 

Let’s see what it looks like. 

Navigate to transaction → Variables on the GTM preview window of the browser. 

If the configuration is correct, you’ll see the product IDs accessed by the custom JavaScript variable in the correct format. 

We can now use these values for our Facebook transaction pixel. All you need to do is create a new Facebook audience Tag. 

Add the predefined variable in the base code to push the right content for product IDs. 

Overall, we have taken our custom JavaScript variable to access our predefined data layer, pull out pieces of information and transform them into a variable that can be used in our techs.

Another use can be to go through all the products and count their quantity metric data.

We’ve built a custom JavaScript product quality variable for counting the metrics. You can find the template for this Tag as well on our website.

Pushing New Data into the Data Layer with JavaScript

This example specifically deals with importing data that is already available through other forms of implementation. 

Suppose we already have a data layer implemented on the Thank You page, but the data is in the Qubit format. 

Qubit is software that offers a wide range of capabilities and personalization on the platform. 

 It uses its own data layer called the universal variable, which is implemented on a new page. This is a data layer that is stored in a JavaScript variable. 

The code can be easily accessed through the developer tools. If you aren’t familiar with them, check out our handy guide on developer tools for marketers.

Navigate to the developer tools and enter the JavaScript Console and input the universal variable. 

You’ll find the object that contains all the data points. 

We’ll import this data and transform it into a usable format in Google Tag Manager. However, we need to push the data without implementing a new data layer into our plan. 

We can create a custom Tag and push this data through JavaScript into our data layer. Let’s open Google Tag Manager. 

We have created a Tag that takes our syntax of the data layer. You can find the Tag template on our website. 

It checks whether the data is already available or not, and then pushes our universal variable key into our data layer. 

Let’s see what the implementation would look like. 

After installing the Tag, let’s open the preview and debug console and refresh the website.

Open the universal_variable → Data Layer. You’ll see the information as a part of the data layer. 

So, overall, we have imported the outside variable into our data layer to make the information accessible. 

You can use this effectively if you have an existing tag management system or personalization system that can hold your data and implement it into your data layer. 

FAQ What is the purpose of transforming the data layer with Google Tag Manager?

Transforming the data layer with Google Tag Manager allows you to modify the format and structure of the data being passed to GTM. By transforming the data layer, you can ensure that the information is in a usable format for your tags, triggers, and variables within GTM, enabling you to track and analyze the desired data effectively.

How can I access and transform specific information from the data layer?

To access and transform specific information from the data layer, you can utilize custom JavaScript variables within Google Tag Manager. These variables allow you to write JavaScript code that extracts and manipulates the desired data points. By configuring the variables correctly, you can transform the data into the format you require for your tracking needs.

Can I push new data into the data layer using JavaScript?

Yes, it is possible to push new data into the data layer using JavaScript within Google Tag Manager. If you have data available through other forms of implementation, such as a different data layer format or an external system, you can create a custom Tag in GTM that utilizes JavaScript to import and push the data into the data layer. This enables you to make the additional data accessible for tracking and analysis within GTM.


So that’s how you can build your own data layer variables, Tags, and triggers, and transform the data layer according to your specific needs. 

The data layer contains information about all the events or variables. You can use this information effectively by using the tools on your GTM account. 

Additionally, once you have transformed the information in the data layer, you can also try to pull the information from the data layer variable into your Google Analytics account.

You're reading How To Transform The Data Layer With Google Tag Manager

How To Install Google Optimize With Google Tag Manager (2023 Updated)

Do you want to easily test two “versions” of your website with your site visitors and see what works best? You can do this easily by installing a tool called Google Optimize.

Google Optimize is integrated with Google Analytics and can be used effectively to analyze your Analytics data to optimize your website and increase things like Conversion Rate, Time on Site and much more!

An overview of what we’ll cover in this guide:

So let’s dive in.

Create a Google Optimize Account

Now, to sign up on Google Optimize, you will need a Google account. Once logged in, you will be greeted with the Create Account screen where you can set up your account. 

And just like in Google Analytics or Google Tag Manager, there is an account structure, that is nested from Account to Container and then New Experiment. 

🚨 Note: If you haven’t installed it already, check out our handy guide on how to install Google Tag Manager on WordPress.

I would recommend using your company name as the Account name. Under the company name, you might have different websites. We’ll put them into one account.

Now, you can optionally tick the boxes to Improve Google products, Benchmarking, and Get in-depth analysis. Then you need to acknowledge and agree to the terms of service.

Moving forward, you’ll see the Container setup. 

Thus, we have our company account under All accounts and then beneath that, we have our Container. So you could have multiple Containers in one account if you choose so. 

From here, we need to set up Google Optimize on our page.

Install Google Optimize on Your Website

I have a demo shop running on WordPress, so this is where I’m going to demonstrate the installation of Google Optimize. 

The first thing that we see in Google Optimize is to Create an experiment. For now, we’re going to skip this step and go directly to Link to Google Analytics. This is actually the setup that we need to undertake. 

This will link your Optimize account to your Analytics account. If you don’t have Google Analytics set up yet for your site,  we also have a free beginner’s video course to get you started!

Here you need to choose the Google Analytics property that your Google account has access to. This is the Google account that you are currently logged in to. So you can see the different accounts. Here, we will continue with our demo shop. 

Here we have some implementation instructions. 

Now, Google Optimize works heavily with Google Analytics and Google Analytics has over the past experienced different changes to their tracking code. Therefore we might go through different methods in order to get this installed. 

But what you definitely need in order to make this work is access to the back-end of your website, where you can change the HTML page. This might be different for your website, depending on how you have installed Google Analytics. But in the end, you should be able to get to the HTML code in the background and be able to edit your Google Analytics code. 

Now, my website is running on WordPress so I’m going to go into the admin profile and access the Editor under Appearance. 

Now again, this might differ for you depending on your implementation of Google Analytics. But, in this case, we find our Google Analytics code in the header files. 

This Google Analytics code has changed over the past years so you might have a different version now. But here we are looking at the chúng tôi version. So if you find the same version in your code, then you can follow these steps.

Now, all we need to do is copy this code from the popup in Google Optimize and paste it into the Google Analytics tracking code.

ga(‘require’, ‘GTM-KWXSQDT’);

This code has nothing to do with your Google Tag Manager. But, it is required to load the Optimize plugin with Google Analytics. 

So let’s go back to Google Analytics code and paste this code on our page. 

Let’s open our website page. We then check with our Google Tag Assistant whether Google Optimize is installed correctly. 

So we now have installed Google Optimize on our page. 

Now, what if your Google Analytics code looks a bit different from the one in our case, and you don’t have chúng tôi version running? Then the second case could be that you already have the new Gtag installed. Let’s take a look at this. 

If you go into Google Analytics now it recommends the new Gtag to install the tracking code and not the old chúng tôi version.

If you’re installing Google Analytics from scratch, then you can install the Gtag version. But if you have the older version running, that’s also fine. This is just a newer version of Google Analytics implementation. 

There’s no new functionality with the Gtag version and chúng tôi is still supported. Thus, you don’t have to change over your tracking code. 

gtag('config', 'GA_TRACKING_ID', { 'optimize_id': 'OPT_CONTAINER_ID'});

So let’s copy this code, go back to the header file and add this into our tracking code. Add the optimize_id after the GA_TRACKING_ID. 

You can find the optimize_id from the Google Optimize deploy popup. 

If we check with the Google Tag Assistant, we can see that we have our Global site tag, Google Optimize, and Google Analytics installed.

Thus, this is how you install this tracking code with the global site tag. 

Now, the last case here is if you have Google Analytics installed via Google Tag Manager. So you might have the script of Google Tag Manager installed on your page that deploys your container. 

You might know that within Google Tag Manager, you’re able to use a predefined Tag. This Tag is called Google Optimize. To access it, go to Workspace → Tags → New → Tag Configuration and Choose tag type as Google Optimize. 

And then you can add the Google Analytics Tracking ID and the Optimize Container ID.

But if you read through the documentation on how to install Optimize, it actually recommends not to implement Optimize with Google Tag Manager. Instead, it recommends that you load the library directly on your page.

So this recommended implementation is to install your Google Analytics script before your Google Tag Manager snippet along with the ‘require’ function of your Google Optimize Container. However, you might have Google Analytics and Google Analytics pageview Tag, deployed through Google Tag Manager. 

So we don’t want to double this, and that’s why we’ll take out the pageview functionality. Thus, this code is only here to install Optimize on our page. 

Notice that there are two different codes in the script. One is the Optimize Container, which has nothing to do with Google Tag Manager, and the second is the Container ID for your Google Tag Manager. 

Let’s refresh our website page. Again we see in the Google Tag Assistant that we now have Google Tag Manager installed, which deploys our Google Analytics pageview tag, and we have our Google Optimize installed. 

So these are the three cases that you might encounter when you install Google Optimize on your page. At this point, we have Google Optimize installed correctly on our page, and can start running experiments.

There’s another optional step that I highly recommend: installing the hiding snippet. 

Now, in order to install this snippet, you simply need to copy it and paste it just before your Analytics tracking code. 

Now, that we have the snippet installed, let’s reload our website page. Let us check for any errors using Google Tag Assistant. We won’t have a Tag for a page hiding snippet, but we know it is installed on our page. 

We can also see this in our view-source. 

Install Browser Extension

Name your experiment here. In this case, we’ve named it First Test. Then add the URL of your website page and choose if it’s an A/B test.

This will show a success message that Google Optimize has been added to Chrome and an icon of Google Optimize will be shown on the top-right corner.

Thus, your website will now load with Google Optimize installed and the browser plugin will let you build your variation. 

So this is how you can install and set up Google Optimize on your website.

FAQ What is Google Optimize?

Google Optimize is a tool integrated with Google Analytics that allows you to test different versions of your website with visitors to determine which version performs better. It helps optimize your website by improving metrics such as conversion rate and time on site.

How do I install Google Optimize on my website? What is the hiding snippet in Google Optimize? Can I install Google Optimize using Google Tag Manager?

Yes, you can install Google Optimize using Google Tag Manager. However, it is recommended to load the Optimize library directly on your page to ensure better control and functionality.

What is the purpose of the Google Optimize Chrome extension?

The Google Optimize Chrome extension allows you to build and preview variations of your website directly in your browser. It provides a user-friendly interface to create and manage experiments without the need for extensive coding or development knowledge.


To summarize, you need to set up an account on Google Optimize and link it to your Google Analytics account. Then install the Google Optimize plugin into your analytics code to install it on your website page.

Now that you’ve set up Google Optimize, check out our Google Optimize tutorial and master all the essentials of this tool.

Google Tag Manager Vs Global Site Tag (Gtag.js)

Google Tag Manager vs Global Site Tag: what are they, and which should you use? 

Google Tag Manager and the Global Site Tag can seem interchangeable, but they are two different tools and should be chosen wisely based on your needs.

An overview of what we’ll cover: 

So let’s dive in!  

What Is the Global Site Tag?

The Global Site Tag is a tracking code that you install in the header section of your website. It tracks information on your website and forwards it to Google Analytics or other Google-associated tools. 

Google introduced this all-in-one code in 2023. Before that, each marketing product had its own tracking code. This meant that to use Google Ads, you needed to add the chúng tôi code or chúng tôi for Google Analytics.

Every tool required a separate installation of code. As a result, every new addition of code would increase the complexity of your site’s HTML and JavaScript execution. 

And what if you just wanted to see pageviews on your website? You would have to send this data to different tools and consolidate it, which is a bit of a pain.

Thus, this implementation became quite inefficient.

To solve this problem, Google came up with a more holistic solution for your tracking requirements. With the Global Site Tag (gtag.js), most of the work was cut out for the user—and you only had to install the code once.

Let’s demonstrate how this works. 

How Does It Work?

All you have to do to install this code is add the script to the head section of your website. The Global Site Tag will be on the top of all the tracking scripts. Below it, you can configure any other tools like Google Analytics or Google Ads. 

These tools are added to the background automatically. So when you send your data for analysis, the codes don’t need to run multiple times.

This also reduces the base code length and increases the efficiency of the data. 

What Is Google Tag Manager?

Google Tag Manager is a tag management system that acts as a common tool for running all different tracking tags, just like Global Site Tag. 

The key difference is that, unlike Global Site Tag, Google Tag Manager is not confined to Google tracking tools. Google Tag Manager accommodates a variety of other tools, including templates from community members. 

You can manage not only Google Ads and Google Analytics, but many other tracking Tags like Facebook Pixel or LinkedIn Tag through the single central interface of Google Tag Manager. 

Let’s see how this works!

How Does It Work?

Working with Google Tag Manager is quite easy.

You can deploy all your tracking Tags such as quotes from Google Analytics or Google Ads through its central interface. You can also put your Facebook Pixel into a custom HTML Tag and deploy it on Google Tag Manager.

In fact, you can do much more with Google Tag Manager than with the Global Site Tag. For example, you can test a code before deploying it, show a graphical user interface, control multiple versions, and access different triggers that you can utilize to deploy all this tracking.

However, the premise remains the same. Just like the chúng tôi implementation, you can define a single interaction with a trigger that you want to track, then send data to different tools.

So let’s compare them further to get a better understanding.

What is the Difference Between the Global Site Tag and Google Tag Manager?

We already know that both the tools are similar in the way that they can deploy either multiple tracking points or one tracking point to a variety of Google tools. 

In simpler words, if you want to send tracking information to your Google Ads or Google Analytics account, you easily accomplish this with either Google Tag Manager or the Global Site Tag.

But how are these tools different from one another? 

There are three main differences between Global Site Tag and Google Tag Manager: third-party tool compatibility, additional functionalities, and graphical user interfaces.

Third-Party Marketing Tool Compatibility

The first and major difference is the compatibility of Google Tag Manager with other tracking tools. 

While the chúng tôi script only works with Google tools, Google Tag Manager allows you to send data to any tool that has a JavaScript-based tracking code. 

Even if Google Tag Manager doesn’t have a native integration with your favorite tools, you can usually install tracking codes via a Tag template or a custom HTML Tag. It is thus more flexible in that regard and agnostic to any tracking tools.


The next major difference is the functionalities that the two provide.

The Global Site Tag doesn’t add any bells and whistles to your tracking system. What you see in your Google tools (Analytics, Ads, etc.) is exactly what you get.

Google Tag Manager provides more features in its interface. You can update new versions of your tracking implementation or revert to an old one if you find bugs. You can also test and debug your implementation using GTM’s Preview Mode to keep each version as clean as possible. 

User Interface

Lastly, Google Tag Manager has a graphical user interface that is not available for the Global Site Tag. 

This means that with the chúng tôi you’ll need to do all your site’s tracking coding on your own. The Global Site Tag is effectively invisible to you as a marketer or developer except for in the website’s script. This will require at least a basic knowledge of JavaScript to configure your tools correctly with the Global Site Tag.

Google Tag Manager, on the other hand, has a very intuitive and user-friendly interface that requires little to no JavaScript knowledge (unless you’re building your own custom HTML Tags). 

It’s much more approachable for marketers who don’t pull double-duty as developers.


When Should You Use the Global Site Tag vs Google Tag Manager?

The Global Site Tag is just a mini version of Google Tag Manager. Based on your tracking requirements, you can choose when to use each tool.

For example, if you have a new website in which you want to set up a tool to track your visitor behaviour, you’ll need to install Google Analytics. This can be done by both Global Site Tag as well as Google Tag Manager. 

Global Site Tag

To install Google Analytics on your website with the Global Site Tag, you will be asked to add the chúng tôi code in the head section. 

Going further, if you want to drive more traffic to your website, you can choose to add Google Ads as well. This can be easily done since we already installed Global Site Tag earlier. 

The Global Site Tag will then send over data to both Google Analytics and Google Ads. 

If you keep on adding different codes to your website, it will start creating chaos inside the HTML. It will become difficult to track which code fires which tool—a developer’s nightmare when you finally decide to clean it up later. 

Google Tag Manager

At this stage, the wise option will be to choose Google Tag Manager. This will decrease your workload significantly and also increase efficiency. 

Google Tag Manager will give you a graphical user interface that makes it easier to manage multiple codes.

Hence, it might be a better option to use Google Tag Manager instead of adding codes manually to your page. 

Which One Do I Recommend?

If given a choice, I’d definitely recommend using Google Tag Manager, even to marketers who are capable of adding the manual codes. 

Similarly, if you have a new website and want to install just one tracking system on it, Google Tag Manager will still be a preferable choice. 

It’s always better to have your website processed by a Tag management system rather than adding the codes manually. 

However, for legacy cases, it might be time-consuming to replace all the old codes with Google Tag Manager, so it would be better to continue using Global Site Tag.

Also, if you feel that you want to do the tracking manually and if you already have some modules, you could use the Global Site Tag.

But for most other cases, I would recommend using Google Tag Manager as it is a widely accepted tracking system in today’s world. 

Frequently Asked Questions Can I Install the Global Site Tag through Google Tag Manager?

In a way, yes, you can sort of install the Global Site Tag through Google Tag Manager. 

One thing to remember here is that the Global Site Tag is a mini version of Google Tag Manager itself. 

So it’s already sending data over to different tracking tools. This means you will not install the Global Site Tag into Google Tag Manager per se, but take these tools and install them into Google Tag Manager. 

So if you’re sending data over to AdWords or to Google Analytics via the Global Site Tag, then you would need to utilize the Tag template within Google Tag Manager to deploy the same tracking points with Google Tag Manager. 

🚨 Note: Do not take the gtag.js script and put it into a custom HTML Tag of Google Tag Manager. That is not a best practice and would lead to problems in your tracking.

Is It Ok to Have Google Tag Manager and Global Site Tag Installed on the Same Page?

Technically, yes. Google Tag Manager and Global Site Tag are compatible with each other and can be installed on the same page. 

However, both these tools utilize some common resources that can lead to conflict in some cases. For example, the data layer is one such resource that is used by both tools.

Therefore, it is important to be careful while adding both of them together. You will also need to test the implementation of tools by checking whether the correct data is sent to these tools. 

Overall, the process is doable but complicated. That’s why I would recommend not to install them together on the same page. 

🚨 Note: For individual tools, you should use either Google Tag Manager or the Global Site Tag, but not both. If you install both of them, you will end up sending duplicate data to any tools that are connected to your website via both implementations. This could result in double-counting pageviews and other metrics, which will obviously ruin your data.

FAQ What are the main differences between the Global Site Tag and Google Tag Manager?

The main differences between the Global Site Tag and Google Tag Manager are:

When should I use the Global Site Tag vs Google Tag Manager?

You should use the Global Site Tag when you only need to track data for Google marketing tools like Google Analytics and Google Ads. If you require compatibility with third-party marketing tools or additional functionalities like testing and version control, it’s recommended to use Google Tag Manager.

Is it okay to have Google Tag Manager and the Global Site Tag installed on the same page?

While it is technically possible to install both Google Tag Manager and the Global Site Tag on the same page, it can lead to conflicts and complications due to their shared resources. It’s recommended to use either Google Tag Manager or the Global Site Tag for individual tools to avoid sending duplicate data and ensure accurate tracking.


In conclusion, we can say that Google Tag Manager wins between the two—Google Tag Manager vs Global Site Tag. 

Global Site Tag is a mini segment of Google Tag Manager. It is neither as flexible nor as powerful as Google Tag Manager. For some specific use cases, it can be the right choice. However, for most tracking requirements, you should install Google Tag Manager.

If you are new to Google Tag Manager and want to learn its basics, check out our in-depth Google Tag Manager tutorial.

How Does The Format Tag Work In Jsp With Examples?

Introduction to JSP format

Web development, programming languages, Software testing & others


Some dependent libraries should be included in the project’s lib folder as the format tag has dependencies in the JSTL library. You can either link a full set of libraries in jSTL or can target specific files as per your purpose. Two statements to be written before start writing the code to use the format tag are:

The prefix denotes the format one would like to use. One can get a complete list of “prefixes” with uri the same as above as per the requirements.

The syntaxes used by JSP Format are:

How does the format tag work in JSP?

JSP Format uses the JSTL library to use the inbuilt formatting options incorporated in predefined format tags with the help of various formats. The prerequisite to use formatting in JSP is that libraries should be attached and present in the lib folder of your project. The syntax above contains some of the common property names. Formatting can be done to match up the existing standards with the help of inbuilt properties, but sometimes the format is local; for example, we want a pricing rate format to be 1 rupee per word, i.e. “1/word”. To save this format, a new pattern or a local xml database has to be created. While just showing the time from “timestamp” is more of formatting from the existing pattern. These are explained in more detail with the help of examples provided in the below section.

Examples of JSP format

Some of the examples to demonstrate the use of the JSP format tag in JSP is explained below for a better understanding of the topic.

Example #1

Here is one of the items on the list, along with its price. The list in the background is a customized list along with its defined pricing style.


Example #2

Code : NewFile2.jsp


Explanation: This is an example of the pre-existing format used to display the inputted information in the applied format. The “fmt:parseDate” helps in identifying the use of formatter in JSP, which is dependent on the JSTL library. “Vale” attributes get the value to be passed into this tag, the “pattern” attribute helps JSP understand the pattern being inputted in the program, and the “var” attribute is used to identify the formatted data, which will be outputted. After the date is passed as input to this tag, then the output is provided in the form of string date and time. This pattern can be seen in the output screen.


JSP format is an easy tag that comes with many functionalities offered by JSP libraries, but it can be complex if looking for a customized, unique data format. Its simplicity does not outweigh the importance attached to this tag. This tag is used very commonly in many websites or businesses linked to finance, export, transportation, agriculture, and many more such sectors.

Recommended Articles

This is a guide to the JSP format. Here we discuss How does the format tag work in JSP and Examples, along with the codes and outputs. You may also have a look at the following articles to learn more –

Google Password Manager – Alternatives Do Exist!

Google Password Manager – Alternatives Do Exist! Google Password Manager – A Way to Remember Passwords of Your Accounts

Google Chrome is the first choice of browser for many internet consumers and thereby, Google smart Lock  has gained immense credibility. And, why won’t it be? It has a myriad of features. Among so many features, lies an inbuilt Google chrome password manager that saves you from remembering every single password. It also lets you generate and save unique passwords and helps you fill cumbersome online forms.

Google Password Manager Alternatives

Even though Google Password Manager exhibits some of the great features, here’s what more you can expect from the other best available password managers

Features of An Ideal Password Manager

A good password manager comes packed with several features like –

Easy to use interface

One master password to access all the confidential data

Automatic login and online form filling capabilities

High end-to-end security

Storage and generation of unique and strong passwords 

The best part, all you need to remember is just one master password, that’s it!

1. TweakPass – Best Google Password Manager Alternative

Download TweakPass

Full Review on Tweakpass

You will have to memorize just one password and the rest will be taken care of

You can easily manage all your passwords and confidential data via a single master password.

You won’t have to think of new passwords every time

Don’t worry! TweakPass harps the age-old tune of IT Pro’s and helps generate strong, complicated and unique passwords. Plus, with a robust Chrome extension all your passwords will be saved securely, and you’ll be able to auto login on websites and fill forms.

It doesn’t need a tech-genius to decipher the whereabouts of the application!

The User-Interface is  extremely simple and easy to understand.

Cyber security Will Back You All the Way

TweakPass is backed by the world’s strongest multilayered PBKDF2 SHA-256 AES security.

You can access your confidential data from anywhere and anytime

TweakPass is available both as a desktop application as well as a Chrome extension and both run in tremendous sync.

Here’s How You Can Use TweakPass

And, in case you encounter any issues you can always reach out to the dedicated 24/7 email support that helps you retrieve your password in case you forget it.

Unlike other password managers that could prove to be heavy on your pockets, TweakPass comes at $2.5/month (billed at $ 29.95 annually) only!

2. LastPass Password Manager

For long LastPass is seen as an alternative to Google password manager and for several reasons. Since you might be having several passwords for various accounts, LastPass remembers them all for you. Here are some of the spectacular features –

Password availability on all devices. You save password once and you can access it across all the devices

Available for both business and personal use

Generates new password every single time

Provides you with comprehensive reports if it senses a breach in security

Multifactor authentication

Allows you to store digital records such as Wi-fi passwords, insurance cards, etc.

In case of emergency, your LastPass account can be accessed by your family and friends


You get a free 30-day trial in which you can access all the premium features while the premium version is billed at approximately $ 48 USD per user.

Purchase Now

Also Read: LastPass vs Dashlane vs TweakPass Password Manager

3. Dashlane

If there were three words that could best describe this Google password manager, they would be simple, smart and safe. It has two versions – free and premium. Let’s have a comparative look at both the free and premium features –

With the premium version, you get unlimited password storage whereas with the free version you can store up to 50 passwords

The premium version gives you the facility to manage passwords across all devices whereas with the free version you can have your passwords only on one device at the max

The premium version offers you personalized security alerts and VPN whereas the free version offers you payment autofill and instant form filling facility


Dashlane’s premium version is billed as $ 3.33 per month and this is billed annually.

Purchase Now

4. RoboForm

RoboForm is available in both free and premium variants. It is yet another great contender that can compete Google password manager is RoboForm. It’s an inexpensive way of managing passwords that provides a robust layer of protection that no one can pass. It displays a host of features like the ones mentioned below –

You can access your passwords across all devices and browsers

Supported by all platforms – Android, Mac, Windows, iOS

Optional local-only storage and easy offline access via desktop and mobile apps


 The business trial is available for 14 days for 30 users after which pricing starts at USD 33.95 $ per year for upto 10 users.

5. KeePass

Is a customizable, powerful and free password manager which is even an open-source platform. It runs on all devices. Its look might not be very fancy, but it does a fantastic job when it comes to safeguarding your passwords. Here are some of its features –

Random password generator for generating unique and strong passwords

KeePass uses military-grade AES security to encrypt passwords. Even if your OS dumps KeePass process to disk, there is still no chance that your password will be revealed

One master password is enough to encrypt or decrypt the entire database

KeePass can be carried on a USB stick and runs on any Windows system without the need to be installed

The password list can be exported to various formats such as XML, HTML, TXT or CSV, it can, therefore, be used with other applications as well


Passwords are the key to protect your digital identity and data. With robust password managers like TweakPass, passwords become more of a boon than a bane. Using it you can browse the web in a carefree fashion, give your cyber security an impenetrable shield and shift all your focus on tasks that need your attention. TweakPass is one of the best Google Chrome password manager alternatives you can use.

Next Read:

Best Password Manager Apps for iPhone and iPad

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Sarang Bhargava

How To Install Kafka Manager?

Introduction to Kafka Manager

The Kafka manager is defined as, it is an open-source tool that depends on the web and utilizes for supporting the cluster of Apache Kafka, and it can also manage the versions of Kafka up to the 1.1.0, the user interface of the web can be implemented on the virtual machine which can be defeating to various base ways which are actually not managed, in which we can say that this tool can manage the Kafka and it can be utilized only by using a web browser, in Kafka manager we can able to understand the track of interpretation of our Kafka cluster.

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What is Kafka Manager?


Cluster: It is a system that contains some brokers and it has been used to see the list of clusters and their information, Broker: It can able to see the information about a cluster of a broker,

Topic: It can able to view information which is in the cluster of topics,

Preferred replica election: to elect the leader related to the topic in which such operation cannot be approved,

Reassign partitions: In which such operation will not get approved because it gets changed when the number of partitions changes in which we can use the flowing transformation of messages from the actual partition to the desired.

Consumers: As it is a section of a consumer group and it can able to see the information related to the status of the cluster in any group when various consumers are in the same group.

How to install Kafka manager?

Let us see how to install the Yahoo’s Kafka manager as it has been implemented by Yahoo and now is provided by folks, so for Kafka installation, we first have to install Java, scala, and sbt on our system,

So, for installing we first need to have the Java version 8 on our main and streaming version, so we can make sure that has been installed or not by using the below command,

#! command ubuntu

sudo apt-get update

sudo apt-get install default-jdk

We have to install Scala so we can make sure that has been installed or not by using the below command,

#! command ubuntu

sudo apt-get install scala

We can check whether a git has been installed or not by using the below command,

#! command ubuntu

sudo apt-get install git

After successful installation of Java, and Scala, then we can able to unzip the file which has been constructed,

#! command ubuntu

After that the Yahoo’s Kafka manager has been installed,

#! command ubuntu

mkdir kafka-manager

cd kafka-manager

Command git:

#! command git

cd kafka-manager

To construct a Kafka manager:

./ sbt clean dist

When the above setting gets correctly done then we can get the tool.

Kafka Manager Setting

At first, we have to select the cluster, and also we have to append the cluster.

Then we have to go in for cluster name in which we can able to set that as agenda_cluster in which Kafka can able to run on a various cluster in which we can say that it can run on one or more servers which we can call a broker.

After that, we have to enter the cluster ZooKeeper host as we can set it as, zookeeper:2181, in which Kafka ZooKeeper is the streamlined service that can manage the disperse synchronization and it can also support the various brokers which make sure that higher accessibility and balance supporting.

Now we have to choose the version of Kafka that should be matched to the Kafka image or with the picture which is highly available.

To allow the metrics and consumers we have to provide the configuration given below,

First, we have to provide permission to ‘Enable JMX Polling (Set JMX_PORT env variable before starting Kafka server)’.

Then also we have to give permission to the ‘Poll consumer information (Not recommended for large # of consumers)’.

Then also we have to permit ‘Enable Active Offset Cache (Not recommended for large # of consumers)’.

Now we also have to provide permission to the ‘Display Broker and Topic Size (only works after applying this patch)’.

In this way, we can make sure that the cluster has been repaired successfully, and after that, we can able to generate the extra topics by traversing to the topics and appending new topics by using our needed name, replication factor, and a number of divisions and in this way, we can able to make the setting.


In this article we conclude that the Kafka manager is an open-source tool that has been used for supporting the Kafka which can be utilized through a web browser, we have also discussed how to install the Kafka manager and the setting of Kafka manager, so this article will help to understand the concept.

Recommended Article

This is a guide to Kafka Manager. Here we discuss the Introduction, What is Kafka manager, How to install Kafka manager, and examples with code implementation respectively. You may also have a look at the following articles to learn more –

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