Trending March 2024 # How To Do Subscript & Superscript In Google Docs # Suggested April 2024 # Top 11 Popular

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There are many times when certain words in your document require smaller letters at the top (superscript) or the bottom (subscript) if the line of text.

This is especially common for mathematical text, chemical formulas, or something as simple as dates.

Table of Contents

In Google Docs, there are three ways you can do subscript and superscript in Google Docs. One is using the menu system, the other is by using keyboard shortcuts, and the last is using the special characters chart.

Also, be sure to check out our short YouTube video where we go over everything in this article.

How To Do Superscript In Google Docs

You can create superscript text in Google Doc using the menu system. 

To do this, highlight the text that you want to convert to superscript. 

Select Format from the menu.

Select Text and then select Superscript.

Once selected, you’ll see the highlighted text convert to superscript format.

You can do this for a single character, or you could select an entire line and convert it to superscript. Most of the time though, this format is only used for one character.

A much faster way to do this is to select the text and then use the Google Docs keyboard shortcut for superscript.

This shortcut is Ctrl + . and the character will immediately update to superscript. You can also undo the superscript format by selecting the same Superscript menu option again.

You see the highlighted superscript text convert back to normal text formatting again.

Finally, you can add superscript text to your document using the special characters chart. 

To do this, select Insert from the menu and select Special characters from the menu.

In the special characters window, enter “superscript” in the search field. 

You’ll see a list of common characters used as superscript characters. When you select any of the choices, it’ll insert the superscript character into the document.

Examples of typical text that requires superscript includes:

Mathematical exponent

To reference a source in the footer of the page

Copyright or trademark abbreviations

Ordinal indicators like 1st

How To Subscript In Google Docs

Creating subscript formatting in Google Docs is almost identical to creating superscript formatting. You can create subscript text in Google Doc using the menu system. 

To do this, highlight the text that you want to convert to subscript. 

Select Format from the menu.

Select Text and then select Subscript.

Once selected, you’ll see the highlighted text convert to subscript format.

Of course, an even easier way to implement this is to select the text and then use the Google Docs keyboard shortcut for subscript.

This shortcut is Ctrl + , and the character will immediately update to subscript. You can also undo the subscript format by selecting the same Subscript menu option again.

The highlighted subscript text converts back to normal text formatting again.

Just like with superscript, you can add subscript text to your document using the special characters chart. 

Select Insert from the menu and select Special characters from the menu.

In the special characters window, enter “subscript” in the search field. 

This will display a list of subscript characters. When you select any of the choices, it’ll insert the subscript character in the document where you’ve placed your cursor.

Examples of typical text that requires subscripts includes:

Chemical molecular formulas

Greek characters used in physics

Mathematical variables in formulas

Using Subscript & Superscript In Google Docs

The ability to add subscript and superscript formatting in Google Docs gives you the ability to write out formulas and other special text that normally wouldn’t be possible in a simpler text application like Notepad.

You're reading How To Do Subscript & Superscript In Google Docs

How To Do Digital Marketing In A Cheaper Way?

Since paid campaigns have become expensive, small business owners turn to cost-effective digital marketing where they can pay less and get effective results. As online business turns responsive in sales growth, entrepreneurs prefer to start marketing with less or no money. From website launching to PPC, a marketer can evaluate the strategy, the current market trend, and the minimum cost invested in the marketing. If you’re into small business and thinking about how to do digital marketing in a cheaper way, read the article and get the inputs.

Cost-effective digital marketing is helpful in another way because, after the evaluation, you can finalize your strategy and focus on your resources so that they can properly utilize them to fetch the expected ROI from the market.

What is Low-cost Digital Marketing?

When the total expenditure on digital marketing reduce, and prefer spending less money or completely free, it’s called low-cost digital marketing. Small business owners, medium to large, who want to sense the market trends, and believe in tested and trial methods, can experiment with low-cost internet marketing. Investing in paid campaigns involves extensive monetary activities. If the company budget sometimes follows the low-cost system, marketing expenses reduce automatically. Besides, when the market is not static and not providing an unsatisfactory outcome, it would not be wise to spend on digital marketing.

However, there are ways to continue digital marketing flow with minimum expenses. Let’s see how to do it.

How to Do Cost-effective Digital Marketing with Proven Results? Content Marketing

With content, marketing is possible. Thanks to Content Marketing which occupies massive space in digital marketing. Besides, there are many channels you can use to market your business with powerful content. Let’s see how many ways you can go for content marketing for free or less expenditure −

Podcast − Podcast is the current trend that internet users go crazy for. The podcast is audible content in which you record your words and share the link with your audience. Those who don’t get time to read can listen to the content. You can make a podcast and share it with your listeners.

Video Content − You can start video marketing since visuals can attract more consumers to your site. It’s quite an effective form of marketing as people can watch you on their screens. Please remember that your body language should align with the content you share on screen.

Webinars − If you’re into the education industry, you can conduct a webinar for free. Several tools are available to conduct a webinar to address your prospects and sell your course.

Email Marketing

It’s another way of cost-effective marketing. You can list out your contacts and start email marketing. There are free tools available that you can use to hit the inbox of your contacts or business subscribers. An email with content, infographic, etc., can impact the readers’ minds. You can establish a connection for the long term through emails. Thus, it’s suitable for low-cost digital marketing.

Social Media Marketing

Social media is another excellent platform to attract your prospect. You can use the medium to interact one-on-one, get real-time feedback and sell your product/ service. Below are the ways to market using social media −

Company Page − Almost all social media allow business owners to create a company page. Once you create the page with your company details, you can add your target buyers. Regular posts on your company page with relevant information will increase engagement, and people will come to know about your company.

Create Company Profile − If you want to join people on your post on social media, you must create a company profile with relevant images. Next, you can post blog links, announce offers, make festival wishes to your buyers, etc. You can redirect the traffic using various social media trends and re-direct them to your website. The outreach will be good enough for business.

Paid Campaign − If you’re ready to invest less in paid marketing, you can start paid campaigns on social media. You can try with a low budget and observe the impact on the dashboard.

Search Engine Optimization

SEO is another effective marketing tool to generate traffic to your website. Search Engine Optimization is crucial if you want to rank your website or blog on Google’s first page. Besides, with SEO, you can try link building to increase your website’s domain authority. You need to use high-volume keywords to grab your target audiences so that visitors must visit your site. You can do SEO with minimum expenditure and start marketing your website and blogs on several online platforms.

These are effective ways to market your business digitally. These are proven strategies and result-oriented tools to increase traffic to your website, promote your product/service, and minimize marketing expenditure.

Benefits of Low-Cost Digital Marketing: A Few

Low-cost digital marketing has practical benefits in terms of monetary factors. Here are they −

The cost-effective marketing will support your overall budget

Risk is low

You can experiment with the current trends

With minimum expense, you can sense the recent buyers’ trends (their preferences & non-likes)


How Do Digital Marketing Firms Make Money?

Advertising is still a significant source of revenue. However, digital media companies can also monetize their content through affiliate partnerships, e-commerce sales, memberships, and donations. Digital publishers have been able to create new methods of monetization, which until the last few years weren’t possible with traditional publishing. Many digital companies are also relying on an increased focus on data gathering and analysis to measure the effectiveness of their messaging.

At its core, digital media has made it possible for publishers to think outside the box to generate profits from their content. No longer do businesses solely have one option available – now, there is greater potential for growth if you can target your audiences effectively by utilizing several income streams at once.

Competition is creating a very dynamic digital media landscape, and the companies that excel are those with strong content strategies in place. Understanding how to best engage readers on different platforms and devices is crucial for success.

Keeping up-to-date with the latest trends in social media marketing is also essential if you want to reach your target audiences efficiently. The need for continued learning about new technologies will only become more important as people’s preferences evolve.

The Best Ways Digital Marketing Firms Make Money Display Advertising Subscriptions/Memberships Sponsored Content

However, it’s important that these pieces are done correctly, so they don’t become intrusive or too sales-focused. Additionally, sponsored content should maintain the same rigorous editorial standards that all other articles on the site adhere to. This will ensure readers remain engaged and trust the website as a credible source of information.

Online and Offline Events

With more people spending more time online, digital media companies are taking a closer look at their content strategies. With greater video and audio production investments,publishers can create new content that appeals to a broader audience.

Additionally, creating evergreen content allows brands to further capitalize on SEO best practices while improving search engine visibility.

Virtual events are typically cheaper to put together than traditional live events. A digital media company can save significantly on venue rental and catering costs by hosting an event virtually. Additionally, the reach of a virtual event can be much wider than a live event’s because it can be viewed from anywhere in the world with an internet connection.

Affiliate Marketing

Affiliate marketing shouldn’t be a one-size-fits-all solution. Digital publishers should take into consideration the size of their audience and determine whether the possibility of revenue justifies the distraction affiliate links may cause their readers.

For example, including an affiliate link to that new blender you recommended in your article might not be worth turning off some readers if it only generates $5 in sales.

On the other hand, larger digital media companies may find that adding more low-impact and well-placed affiliate links could generate substantial amounts of revenue while also creating a better user experience for readers by connecting them directly to products they need or want.

Monthly/Yearly Service Fee Packages

The more comprehensive the services they offer, the more expensive they are likely to be. Some companies may charge a flat fee for a package of specific services, while others may charge per item or action, such as every email sent or blog post written. The hours spent working on an account usually affect the cost, with longer projects being billed at higher rates than shorter ones.

Creating Digital Products

Creating digital products doesn’t require a significant upfront investment. All you need is the knowledge and skill to create it. From webinars, eBooks, video courses, software programs, and memberships – you can leverage any idea or concept to build your product.

You don’t need a large team of complicated resources, as these are mainly DIY projects that allow entrepreneurs to realize their aspirations without too much trouble.


The benefit of digital marketing is its scalability which lets you go from a few dollars per month to thousands depending on your strategy and implementation level. With many opportunities available with constantly changing dynamics, these digital marketing agencies can be creative and use their talents for maximum benefit!

How Much Do Digital Marketing Professionals Earn?

Our daily activities, such as banking, including how we acquire information and connect with one another, are now entirely conducted online. Given that the majority of people on the planet use the internet, it should come as no surprise that there is an increasing need for highly qualified digital marketers. See the Pay Guide for Digital Marketers if you need further convincing.

On the other hand, not everyone uses the internet equally worldwide. Internet World Data, for instance, shows that 94% of North Americans and only 43% of Africans access the internet daily.

This rate of internet use can have a big impact on where digital marketers and recent marketing graduates’ abilities are most needed globally. Digital marketers must concentrate their efforts on the appropriate demographic and the appropriate service or product because their line of work depends on relationships.

The Average Digital Marketing Salary for Professionals

Similar to any other career, the following variables affect how much digital marketers are paid −

Which digital marketing channel offers the best compensation?

There are “generalists” and “specialists” in digital marketing, just like in medicine. The generalists dabble in all of the below-listed digital marketing channels if not all of them. Only one or possibly two are chosen by the experts (if they are interrelated). Inside the channels, there is room for lateral movement as well. As an example, you can transition from working as a content marketer to managing social media while still demonstrating relevant skills.

Job title

Average Salary

Display marketing


Video marketing


Affiliate marketing


Influencer marketing


Email marketing


Content marketing




Social media


Paid Search


Different Job Titles and Salaries in Digital Marketing

Compared to established sectors, the field of digital marketing is young and continually changing. As a result, there are no rigorous rules for this industry’s job titles or associated digital marketing compensation packages. The roles are more flexible, and they are also controlled by dynamic Key Performance Indicators, Goals, and Key Outcomes.

Job title

Average Salary

Online relationship manager


User experience specialist


Social listener


Social media coordinator


Social media manager


Campaign manager


Performance marketer


Product strategist




Content strategist


Content manager


Content writer


Seo consultant


Growth manager


Responsibilities Specific to Digital Marketing A Manager or Growth Hacker

To drive growth across all organic channels, this individual contributor job is in charge. To reach their goals, they collaborate with SEO, content, and search engine marketing (SEM).

Content Strategist

Someone who can engage with many channels to organize the creation of a brand content calendar that is practical for all parties should fill this function. The organization should experiment with several types of content buckets, according to the content strategist who makes the suggestion.

Marketer of Brands

Creating an online brand narrative is the responsibility of the person in this position. Although branding can be combined with this job, content is where it really belongs.

The Social Listener

The social perception of a brand or business is monitored by the individual in this position.

Relationship Management How Experience Affects Pay in Digital Marketing?

We are faced with difficulty as we go from channels and positions to years of experience for digital marketers. First off, more years of expertise do not always equate to greater compensation because this is a relatively new and dynamic sector. Second, because their specialized abilities are more important, certain individual contributors in this profession are paid far more than “managers.” Finally, the roles, channels, and experience are factors that interact to define the compensation packages for professionals in digital marketing.

Writer, Analyst, and Associate

Years of Experience − Between zero and three

Salary on average − $48,916

Specialist/ Consultant

Role − Those with some experience who primarily work freelance are referred to by this word. They might also be experts in that field.

Experience Years − Five to Eight

$62,098 on average each year

Admin, Lead, or Head

Role − One who oversees a certain function or vertical inside the digital marketing division is referred to by these names.

Experience Years − 10+ years

Salary on average − $123,899

Associate Director/Director

Role − These names are used to identify someone who oversees a collection of business operations for the digital marketing industry. Director of Organic Channels, as an example.

Experience Years − 15+ years

Salary on average − $180,045

In-charge of Marketing

Role − The entire marketing vertical is under this person’s control. This function frequently encompasses both digital and non-digital channels, although, in the digital era, the distinction between these two markets is gradually eroding.

Experience − 15 or more years

Depending on the size of the firm, the average salary

Digital Marketing Earning Potential in India

In India, the average annual compensation for a Search Engine Optimization Expert with under a year of experience is 193,864 rupees. A Search Engine Optimization Specialist in India makes an average salary of 278,284 rupees with less than four years of experience. An average salary of 484,414 is expected in India for Search Engine Optimization Experts with 5 to 9 years of experience.


The pay for a digital marketer might differ greatly depending on experience, skill level, location, and sector. The typical digital marketer’s income in the United States is between $70,000 and $80,000 per year, according to several sources of pay information. Top-performing digital marketers, on the other hand, might make considerably more with their specific knowledge and experience. Freelance digital marketers can also set their own pricing, which can differ greatly based on their experience and standing in the field. Ultimately, digital marketing is a lucrative industry with lots of room for expansion and improvement.

How Long Do Wireless Keyboard Batteries Last?

Although wireless peripherals are more convenient and mess-free, they are plagued with an issue of limited battery life!

The wireless keyboard owners would know the batteries hardly last a few months to a few years.

Therefore, be careful about what wireless keyboard brand you choose and how long their batteries last.

The wireless keyboards use rechargeable Lithium-ion or alkaline batteries that last between 3 months to a few years or more when you use the device in moderation.

Moreover, the keyboard using primary AA batteries would deplete more quickly, requiring frequent replacements.

Read on to find out how long your wireless keyboard brand battery will last and whether you can extend its life.

How Long do Wireless Keyboard Batteries Last?

There is no doubt that wireless keyboards are more comfortable and more practical than regular keyboards.

You can remotely connect it to the PC or laptop and use it almost anywhere. However, the wireless peripheral is only as good until its batteries last.

Generally, the wireless keyboard batteries would last between 3 to 36 months, with one rechargeable battery lasting 150 to 190 hours on one charge, depending on the makers and brand.

Therefore, you need to be wary about the wireless keyboard (brand) you use, the type of batteries it employs, and whether they are rechargeable.

Please see the table below to compare the battery life of various keyboard brands.

BrandBattery LifeSpecification

Logitech MK2953 yearsIt uses 2 AAA batteries with longer battery lifespan.

Razer’s Black Widow2-3 yearsThe batteries last 192 hours before recharging

CORSAIR K100 AIR WIRELESS2-3 yearsUp to 50 hours with RGB effects or 200 hours with backlighting off

SteelSeries Apex Pro1 year or moreThe battery would last 30-40 hours before recharging.

Redragon k596 Vishnu1-2 yearsThe battery lasts 10 hours before requring a recharge.

However, the wireless keyboard’s battery life would depend on the usage and enabled features.

The keyboard that sees continuous usage of 6 hours or more would drain the battery quickly, requiring frequent recharges. Similarly, enabling backlighting and RGBs will drain the batteries more quickly.

Modern gaming wireless keyboards from Redragon, Logitech, and Razer often have extra features enabled, which may consume more power.

Generally, these keyboards require recharging batteries every 1 to 3 days and replacements every 1 to 2 years.

On the other hand, the Magic keyboard battery should last about a month, but older Apple keyboards would hardly last a few days.

The secret behind Magic keyboard batteries lasting significantly longer than other brands is its ability to efficiently use the battery, enable battery-saving mode, and reduce power consumption on extra features like lighting.

Why do Batteries in Wireless Keyboards drain so fast?

As previously mentioned, many reasons may cause wireless keyboard batteries to drain faster.

Here are a few reasons why your wireless keyboard battery drains quickly.

1. User-specific Activity

Some user-specific activities, such as gaming and continuous keyboard use, may cause the peripheral’s battery to drain faster.

The wireless keyboard battery would usually require recharging every 2 to 3 days, but relentlessly using the keyboard will drain it quickly, requiring a frequent recharge.

The battery will require frequent recharging as it ages, which may drain it more quickly.

2. Extra Enabled Features

Modern wireless keyboards have extra features such as keyboard backlighting and RGB lighting.

Enabling these features every time you use the keyboard will consume more power, requiring frequent recharging.

Some keyboards allow dimming the lighting or turning it off after specific activity to preserve battery life.

3. Bluetooth Interference

Continuous Bluetooth interference from other wireless devices may drain the keyboard’s battery life.

Similarly, enabling high polling rates and LED effects may drain the battery quickly when you have a low-quality keyboard.

When moderately used, the wireless keyboard batteries would last longer.

However, you must adopt tips to use the wireless keyboard effectively and reduce excess battery consumption.

Tips to Extend Battery Life in Wireless Keyboard

Here are some proven tips to help save your wireless keyboard’s battery from draining.

1. Turn off the Device

Turning off the wireless keyboard during inactivity will prevent unnecessary device standby time.

Moreover, it will prevent the device from continuously turning on from accidental typing on the keypad and bumps when traveling.

2. Restrict Keyboard-Intensive Activities

Limiting keyboard-intensive activities such as typing to only a couple of hours a day will help save batteries from draining.

Similarly, limiting gaming activity relying on typing keys will also help save the battery’s shelf life.

3. Turn off RGBs and Backlighting

Use the dedicated software provided by the keyboard manufacturers to turn off RGBs and backlighting.

Otherwise, you can dim the light or even automate it to turn off after some time of inactivity, especially the Magic keyboard.

4. Keep the Peripheral Close to the PC

Shortening the distance between the PC and the wireless keyboard will prevent incessant interference from draining the battery.

Unlike wired devices, wireless devices need to be in close range of the device.

5. Keep Away From Metal Objects/Surface

Metal objects or surfaces such as smartphones, speakers, and metal tools interfere with Bluetooth and RF signals.

Clean your desk space of all metal objects to solve this problem.

6. Invest in Quality Peripherals

Always buy quality wireless keyboards with longer battery shelf life, dedicated software, and a warranty.

Using good wireless keyboards will help prevent batteries from draining quickly.

How to Check the Battery Life of a Wireless Keyboard?

Monitoring the battery life is a great idea to keep a tab on the wireless keyboard’s power consumption.

In fact, most wireless keyboard makers provide dedicated software to assess battery life and health.

KeyboardBattery Status

RazerCheck the battery indicator color to determine the battery status. Green indicates charged, yellow indicates low, and red indicates depleted.

LogitechOpen the built-in Logitech device software on your PC or laptop and check the dashboard to find the battery status.

3-Red Flashes indicate less than 25%

Otherwise, you can check the wireless device’s settings (Windows 10 and Mac) to assess the battery life.


Wireless keyboards are plagued with limited battery life and problems solely caused by them.

Therefore, always buy quality wireless peripherals from a reputed brand and use power-saving tips to extend the battery life.

Follow this guide to keep track of your wireless keyboard usage and battery life on the go.

How Long Do Windows Updates Take? Easy Tool To Find Out

How Long Do Windows Updates Take? Easy Tool to Find Out Use a tool to get the info you want








If you ever wondered how long it takes for a Windows update to install, there is now a way you can find out.

This method does not involve using the stopwatch tool to time the process, instead, you can make use of some dedicated software.

ViveTool is available for all users and all you have to do in order to get it is to head on over to GitHub.

This article will show you how exactly you can use this tool to time Windows 11 updates installations.



To fix Windows PC system issues, you will need a dedicated tool

Fortect is a tool that does not simply cleans up your PC, but has a repository with several millions of Windows System files stored in their initial version. When your PC encounters a problem, Fortect will fix it for you, by replacing bad files with fresh versions. To fix your current PC issue, here are the steps you need to take:

Download Fortect and install it on your PC.

Start the tool’s scanning process to look for corrupt files that are the source of your problem

Fortect has been downloaded by


readers this month.

Here is a question that we are sure many of you have asked at a certain point in time: how long does it really take for Windows to download and install an update?

We are, of course, talking about Windows 11, as we can all remember that Windows 10 took a heavy time toll when updates were available.

At the Windows 11 launch event, Panos Panay mentioned that Windows updates are 40% quicker to download, compared to the previous OS, and also install faster.

Read on to find out how long a Windows Update takes on Windows 10 or 11.

Instead of timing these actions with the built-in stopwatch, as some do, having the system show you this information would be a more than welcome feature.

But while Microsoft hasn’t included such an integration yet, know that there is still a way you can find out how long a Windows update will take to install.

Windows 11 can actually predict how much time it will take to install available updates. And although that feature is not yet available to all Insiders, you can enable it relatively simply using the ViveTool app.

This process is easy, will take up only a few minutes of your time, and after you install it you will be able to check the estimated updates installation time in the Windows 11 operating system.

Here’s how you use this tool:

Download the ViveTool from the GitHub website.

After you finished downloading, extract the archive into a folder.

Open the Windows Terminal as an Administrator on your Windows 11 computer, then go to the folder where you have extracted the downloaded tool and run it.

Use the following command:

ViVeTool addconfig 25704915 2

5. Restart your computer for the changes to apply.

When Windows 11 prompts you to restart the system to apply patches, open the Start menu and press the power button. You will see the approximate installation time next to Shut Down and Restart buttons.

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