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How to Crop & Resize Videos in Windows 11 Learn how to edit your videos to your liking




Users are seeking the most efficient ways to crop videos in Windows 11.

Windows 11 has built-in tools that help you easily create your perfect videos.

To crop your videos you can use both built-in tools and online software.

Reading this article will help you find the best cropping tool for your videos.

Ever since its release, Windows 11 has been praised for its functionality and innovative new features. There are many editing options available that help you create your perfect video.

One popular editing option available is cropping a video. Cropping a video allows you to zoom in on the section of the frame you want, or remove sections you don’t want to be included anymore.

What can I use to crop videos?

There is a multitude of available video editing software on the internet that you can choose from. Some come with Windows 11, built-in, such as Photos and Clipchamp.

Whether you work as a content creator or simply want to crop your home videos, you need to know what options you have. We will show you in this article the best methods for cropping a video in Windows 11.

How can I crop a video in Windows 11? 1. Use the built-in Video Editor

1. Press the Windows button on your taskbar to open the Start menu, then type in Video Editor.

3. Press on Add to import the videos you want to crop. You will be able to choose where to import them from this PC, from my collection, and from the web. You can choose one or more videos at once.

4. Drag the imported files to the Storyboard at the bottom of the App’s screen.

6. Export the video to your computer or your preferred cloud service and save it.

If you simply need to crop out black bars from a video or change its aspect ratio, then the built-in Video Editor is the best choice.

2. Through VLC Media Player 2.1. Crop a video for viewing

Expert tip:

2.2. Crop a video permanently

Another great free app that allows you to crop a video on Windows 11 is VLC Media Player. Although it is better known as a media player that can play videos, it has video editing features as well.

Moreover, VLC has two options: you can crop a video for viewing or you can crop it permanently.

Read more about this topic

3. Crop the video using Clipchamp

An excellent editing tool is Clipchamp, which will soon be available as an inbox App for Windows 11 users. Although it is not free to use all of its features, the free version comes in handy when it comes to cropping.

The drawback when using Clipchamp to crop a video in Windows 11 is that the free basic subscription has limitations. You cannot export videos under a large resolution, for example.

Check out our dedicated article to find out how to trim videos using Clipchamp on Windows 11.

What is the difference between trimming and cropping a video?

When it comes to editing a video, you can adjust multiple different things, according to your desires. The terms trim and crop often come up and can sound similar, but they have different meanings and accomplish different goals.

Trimming a video means editing sections from it. For example, you can remove the last seconds of it and make it shorter.

On the other hand, cropping a video refers to focusing on a particular video frame by zooming in on it.

Another editing term is split. When you split a video, you divide it into two separate videos, which you can then edit separately.

You can opt-out of using complicated editing tools if you simply need to split or trim a video. The Photos App is your best choice in this matter.

We hope that the solutions in this article helped you successfully edit your videos according to your needs and preferences.

To take editing to another level, you can also check out our video on the best screen recorder software for Windows 10/11.

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Guide To How To Implement Array_Agg()

Introduction to PostgreSQL ARRAY_AGG()

The PostgreSQL provides various aggregate functions; the PostgreSQL ARRAY_AGG() aggregate function is used to get an array with each value of the input set added to an array element. This aggregate Function accepts a set of values as input, and the Function includes NULL values into the array while concatenating the input values. We use the ORDER BY clause with this aggregate Function in order to sort the result.

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Consider the following syntax of the PostgreSQL ARRAY_AGG() aggregate Function:

ARRAY_AGG(): The PostgreSQL ARRAY_AGG() aggregate Function takes the number of values as an input and then returns an array.

ORDER BY: This is an optional clause. This clause is used when we want the results sorted, which are processed in the aggregation, which results to sort the elements in the result array.

Examples to Implement PostgreSQL ARRAY_AGG()

We will create two tables of name ‘student’ and ‘department’ by using the CREATE TABLE statement as follows to understand the examples:

create table student ( stud_id serial PRIMARY KEY, stud_fname VARCHAR(80) NOT NULL, stud_lname VARCHAR(80) NOT NULL, department_id int NOT NULL ); create table department ( department_id serial PRIMARY KEY, department_name VARCHAR(80) NOT NULL );

We will insert data into the department table using the INSERT INTO statement as follows.

INSERT INTO department(department_name) VALUES ('Computer'), ('Electrical'), ('IT'), ('Civil'), ('Chemical'), ('Mechanical');

Illustrate the result of the above INSERT INTO statement by using the following SQL statement and snapshot.


select * from department;


We will insert some data into the student table using the INSERT INTO statement as follows.

INSERT INTO student(stud_fname, stud_lname, department_id) VALUES ('Smith','Johnson',1), ('Williams','Jones',1), ('Harper','James',2), ('Jack','Liam',2), ('Harry','Mason',3), ('Jacob','Oscar',3), ('Michael','Charlie',4), ('William','Joe',4), ('Oliver','John',5), ('Jack','Richard',5), ('Harry','Joseph',5), ('George','Thomas',6), ('Brown','Charles',6);

Illustrate the result of the above INSERT INTO statement by using the following SQL statement and snapshot.


select * from student;


Example #1

Without ORDER BY clause in PostgreSQL ARRAY_AGG, () aggregate Function Consider the following SQL statement, which will use the Function to return the list of names of the department and the list of names of the students studying in each department:


SELECT department_name, FROM department INNER JOIN student USING (department_id) GROUP BY department_name ORDER BY Department_name;

Illustrate the result of the above SQL statement by using the following snapshot.

From the above example, we can see that each department’s students are randomly ordered; to sort the students by their last name or first name, we have to define the ORDER BY clause in this Function.

Example #2

ORDER BY clause with PostgreSQL ARRAY_AGG() aggregate Function

Consider the following example to get the list of students for each department, which is sorted by the student’s first name as shown in the following SQL statement:


SELECT department_name, ARRAY_AGG ( ORDER BY stud_fname ) students FROM department INNER JOIN student USING (department_id) GROUP BY department_name ORDER BY department_name;

Example #3

ORDER BY clause with PostgreSQL ARRAY_AGG() aggregate Function

Consider the following example to sort the list of students for each department by student’s first and last name, as shown in the following SQL statement:


SELECT department_name, ARRAY_AGG ( ORDER BY stud_fname ASC, stud_lname DESC ) student FROM department INNER JOIN student USING (department_id) GROUP BY department_name ORDER BY department_name;

Illustrate the result of the above SQL statement by using the following snapshot.


From the above article, we hope you understand how to use the PostgreSQL ARRAY_AGG() aggregate Function and how the aggregate Function works. Also, we have added several examples of aggregate functions to understand them in detail.

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How To Airdrop From Iphone To Mac

AirDrop is the fastest and most convenient way to wirelessly send files from an iPhone or iPad to a Mac. While AirDropping from iOS to Mac OS is easy, how it works may not be particularly obvious to some users, and many people don’t know the feature exists at all. Learning to use AirDrop to send files from an iPhone to a Mac is easy, and it offers a simple and reliable way to transfer photos, videos, notes, and other files between nearby devices.

To use AirDrop from iOS to Mac OS, you will need a modern version of iOS on the iPhone or iPad, and a modern version of Mac OS on the Mac – generally speaking the newer the software releases the better, so you’ll want to be sure you update your devices if you are having any difficulty. Beyond that it’s not much different from AirDropping between Macs or other iOS devices, let’s review how this great feature works to send files across platforms.

How to AirDrop from iPhone or iPad to a Mac

In this example, we’ll AirDrop files from an iPhone to a Mac via the Photos app, but you can access AirDrop in iOS from just about anywhere the “Sharing” menu is available. Here’s how this works:

On the iPhone from what you want to AirDrop, tap the Sharing icon (it looks like a little box with an arrow flying out of it), in the example here we are AirDropping photos from iPhone to a Mac

Now from the Mac, open a Finder window and choose “AirDrop” from the sidebar (or alternatively, pull down the “Go” menu and choose ‘AirDrop’)

On the Mac, check the ‘Allow me to be discovered by:’ section so that it says either “Everyone” or “Contacts Only”, keep this Finder window open as it enables AirDrop

Back on the iPhone at the sharing screen, tap on the AirDrop icon

On the iPhone, wait a moment and the Mac with AirDrop enabled will appear in the list, then tap on that Mac / user ID to immediately start sending the files / photos to the Mac

The Mac will continue to allow accepting inbound AirDrop file transfers from iPhone, iPad, or other Macs as long as the Finder AirDrop window is open. If you are done transferring files with AirDrop on the Mac, simply close the AirDrop Finder window to stop allowing further transfers.

If you’re at all confused then it is best to try this out yourself by opening the Photos app on the iPhone or iPad and then AirDropping a picture or two to a Mac. Despite being somewhat confusing to explain and demonstrate, it’s actually quite easy to use in practice. The key things to remember are that you must open the AirDrop Finder window on the Mac for it to be active in Mac OS, and you must tap on the AirDrop icon in the Sharing menu of iOS to be active on the iPhone or iPad.

A few things to keep in mind if you’re experiencing difficulty: AirDrop requires a reasonably new iPhone, iPad, or Mac, Bluetooth must be enabled, and the devices must be within reasonable reach of one another (the closer together the better). For the most part, AirDrop “just works” but if you are having problems the refer to this guide for troubleshooting AirDrop not working in iOS, and if it’s seemingly not even available then refer to here for what to do when AirDrop is not showing up on iPhone or iPad at all. On the Mac side of things, as long as the Mac is vaguely modern with a somewhat recent Mac OS or Mac OS X release and has Bluetooth, AirDrop usually works just fine without hassle.


How To Connect Power Supply To Motherboard

If you are not a regular PC builder, it might be daunting to see the profusion of tangled wires inside the CPU casing. However, it is much simpler than it appears to assemble and connect the power cables to the motherboard. You just have to find the correct ports and that’s all.

It is obvious that the hardware requires power in order to function. But the power is not directly supplied to them. Most of the essential hardware components are embedded into the motherboard with printed circuits between them. The motherboard acts as the bridge to supply power to several internal hardware in a computer. 

Only the CD drive, HDD, and some other hardware receive power directly from the power supply unit. For others, you need to link the power connectors to the motherboard and attach the components to the respective port on the board. 

With this comprehensive guide, we are going to learn how to connect the power supply to the motherboard.

When you bring the power supply unit or PSU out of the box, you will see a number of wires with connectors at the end. Each of the connectors is meant to supply power for different hardware. It is quite confusing to find the right one for each of them. 

So, let’s start to connect the power supply to the motherboard step-by-step by arranging a screwdriver set and the will to do the work.

The first thing to do is to place the PSU in the CPU casing. Most of the casings have a box-shaped empty space at the top to keep the PSU. If you have modified your system and have bought a custom casing, then you will have to look at its manual to find the space.

You can follow the instructions given below to assemble the PSU to the casing.

Now that you have assembled the PSU successfully, let’s move on to connect the cables.

This cable is one of the biggest connectors and provides the juice to run your entire motherboard and its components.

The reason we are writing the pin as 20 (+4) is that the connector has a bigger portion with 20 pins and a separate one with 4 pins. The reason behind this is to facilitate the older motherboards that had only 20 holes to insert the pins.

Since it is the biggest port on the motherboard, except for the RAM and graphics card slot, you should not miss it.

Let’s see how you can install the connector to your motherboard.

Now, let’s look at the way to connect other power pins to the motherboard.

Another cable that your will find coming out of the power supply is a 4 (+4) pin CPU power connector. This cable supplies power to run your processor.

But it does not matter how big the connector is. The process to connect it is the same. Here is how you do it.

Your processor can work with just a 4-pin connector even if it has a port requiring 8-pins. However, it might malfunction due to insufficient power and I would not recommend doing that.

But for the higher-end board with two 8 pins requirement, you can just insert one and it will do the job. You need to insert the remaining if you want to do extra pieces of stuff such as CPU overclocking.

Now that you have powered your motherboard and CPU, let’s go to know about the other connectors.

Earlier, we did not have heavier programs and we worked out with no or lower capacity video cards. These graphics cards could power themselves up by taking the elixir directly from the motherboard.

However, as our desire increased, the capacity and hence the power required for the video card has risen. The graphics card that we use today may require power directly from the PSU. For that reason, the PSU manufacturers provide us with a cord with 6 pins and removable 2 pins to power up the video card.

Similar to the processor, the power required for the graphics card also varies according to the type. Some require 6 pin while some require 8 pins to run it. Here is the way to connect either of them to the right port.

Furthermore, there can be two different connectors, one for the video card and another for the CPU, having 8 pins on both. To differentiate which one belongs where you just have to look at the structure. The connector for the CPU has split in the middle and others mostly have split making 6 and 2 separate pins.

Let’s see what job the remaining cables have on your computer.

Among the Hardware in your computer that requires direct power from PSU, Hard Disk Drive, SSD, CD/DVD-Drive, etc. are some of them. These hardwares uses the mentioned SATA connector to receive the power.

If you learned how to connect other connectors, then it is also equally simple. Here is the way to do it.

These cables are optional to use except for the HDD or SSD. You generally get atleast 2 SATA connectors. You can leave the remaining ones untouched if you do not have additional hardware needing these.

If you have become perfect at connecting the SATA cable to different hardware, let’s learn about its older brother, the Molex connector.

Remember the older Hard drives that had a number of pins behind it? You must also have immediately thought about the cable to power up the HDD through PSU. That cable is the Molex connector.

Nowadays, the Molex connector does not have much use. However, the manufacturers of PSU like to stay on the safe side providing these cables to the unit. If some users still use the older HDD and motherboard, it is best to have at least one Molex connector in the PSU.

This works similarly to the SATA cables. The SATA cables can be said as the replacement of the Molex connector.

Let’s see how to recognize the Molex connector and the way to connect it.

Find a connector with 4 holes on it with no extra parts.

It is the simplest of all that powers the HDD or CD/DVD drives or sometimes a casing fan.

You will see a slightly curved surface and a complete rectangular surface on the connector.

Find a port on the back of the respective hardware.

Keep the orientation of the connector such that it goes inside the port easily.

It also can be linked only in a single way as other connectors.

There can be an additional small 4-pin connector coming out of the PSU. This pin is similar to a Molex connector but only smaller. This pin is there to supply power to a Floppy Disk Drive.

The process to connect the pin for an FDD is similar to other connectors. Most of the systems, at present, have no FDD in them and this connector is mostly rendered useless now.

You have now learned the way to connect all the power cables to different parts on a motherboard with hardware. If you manage the cables cleanly with zip ties or some process, you can easily assemble all the connections in your computer.

How To Add Google Analytics To WordPress

Google Analytics is a free comprehensive tool that allows you to track your web traffic and data.

Google Analytics will show you how many people visit your site, individual pages, conversions, and how people interact with your content. This data is critical for the optimization of your website.

There are two types of Google Analytics code.

You may be accustomed to the Google Universal Analytics (UA) code. This is being sunsetted and replaced with Google Analytics 4 (GA4).

GA4 is much more customizable and applies to websites or apps, whereas Google UA can only be applied to websites.

Setting Up Google Analytics On Your Website

The first thing you will want to do is set up your free Google Analytics account.

You will be prompted to sign in with a Gmail account. Once you do that, you will be logged in.

Select the button that says Start Measuring.

The next screen will have you create an account name. You can track more than one site under one account, so you might want to use something broad, such as the name of your business.

Next, you will want to set up properties. This should include the name of your website, the time zone, and the currency used for this business’s location.

The next screen will ask a little bit about your business and how you intend to use Google Analytics.

Next, you will want to set up the data stream.

When adding Google Analytics to a WordPress site, you will want to select “web stream.”

You will next add your site’s URL and the site’s name.

Once you hit the Create Stream button, you will see the stream name, stream URL, stream id, and measurement id.

The measurement id is what you will use to add to your website.

Adding Google Analytics To Your WordPress Website

There are three different ways to add Google Analytics to any WordPress site.

The best option for you will depend on your comfort level with making changes to your website code.

The first option uses a WordPress plugin to add Google Analytics to your website without requiring coding.

The second option uses a WordPress plugin with a small amount of code required to be copied and pasted.

The third option requires you to edit the code in the theme files of your website.

1. Using The Google Analytics Plugin

The easiest way to add your Google Analytics tag code to WordPress is with a plugin.

Google Analytics for WordPress by MonsterInsights is the most popular and makes it simple to add your Google Analytics code to your site.

Step 1: Install and activate the MonsterInsights plugin.

Step 2: Launch the Wizard to fill in information about your site and hit the Connect MonsterInsights button. This will take you through a few pages of settings that should be pre-selected for your setup.

Step 3: Next, you will be prompted to sign into your Gmail account, asking for permission to access your Google account.

Step 5: Hit Complete Connection to connect to your Google Analytics account. It will finish up by offering an upgrade to Pro, but you can select the link at the bottom to finish the installation without upgrading.

You are all set up now, and you will now see Insights in your WordPress dashboard. Reports, Settings, and any other selected tools are now visible in the WordPress dashboard.

2. Using The Header/Footer Script Plugin

The second way to install your Google Analytics tag is with a header/footer plugin.

This method is especially helpful if you want to track different metrics for different pages, as it can be used on specific pages and the entire site.

WPCode Insert Headers and Footers + Custom Code Snippets – WordPress Code Manager is the most popular plugin to insert header and footer code with over 1 million users.

Step 1: Install the Headers and Footers plugin on your WordPress site.

Step 3: Copy the Google Tag code.

Step 4: In your WordPress dashboard, you will see the Code Snippets plugin on the left-hand navigation menu.

Step 5: Select Header & Footer under the drop-down and then paste your code into the Header section.

Step 6: Hit Save Changes.

Optional Step: To add code to a specific page or post, select the page or post and scroll to the bottom. Add the appropriate Google Analytics code in the header section of that page. Hit Update to save your changes.

3. Add Google Analytics Code Snippet Directly To The chúng tôi File

If you are comfortable working directly in your theme code, this is another option for adding your Google Analytics code. Keep in mind that you are directly changing the theme files, so if you change or update your theme, you will lose your Google Analytics code and will need to re-add it every time you update or change the theme.

Step 2: Select the parent theme and the header.php.

WordPress theme files, August 2023 Verifying Your Google Analytics Tags

Once you have your Google Analytics tag installed on your website, you can use the Tag Assistant (Legacy) by Google Chrome Extension to check that your Google Analytics tag is installed and working correctly.

Simply install the Chome extension on your browser, navigate to the WordPress site that you installed Google Analytics on, and it will tell you which tags are present on the site and if there are any errors.

Once Google Analytics Is Installed On Your WordPress Site

Once your Google Analytics tag is installed, you can view the dashboard through the Google Analytics site.

Alternatively, if you selected the MonsterInsight plugin method of installing Google Analytics on your WordPress site, you can view the reports and data from right within your WordPress dashboard.

Google Analytics is a powerful tool to help you understand how visitors are getting to and using your website, how well pages are converting, how many users are visiting your website, and so much more.

Adding the Google Analytics tag to a WordPress site is simple, using one of these three methods:

Google Analytics plugin (such as MonsterInsights).

Header/Footer plugin (such as WPCode).

Add directly to theme chúng tôi file.

You can use the data from Google Analytics to gain valuable insights into your website traffic which will allow you to make improvements.

It’s worth noting that Google Analytics cannot collect data retrospectively, so it’s important to add Google Analytics to your website sooner rather than later to avoid missing any data.

More resources:

Featured Image:Andrey_Popov/Shutterstock

How To Cast And Mirror To Chromecast


There are multiple ways to to cast and mirror to Chromecast. If you’re using a smartphone, you need to ensure you’re connected to the same Wi-Fi network as your Chromecast device. Then launch a Cast-supported app, and tap on the Google Cast icon. Select the device you want to stream to.

To mirror your Android device, launch the Google Home app and go into your Chromecast device. Select Cast my screen and tap on Cast Screen.

There are also ways to cast and mirror to Chromecast using a computer, and you can even allow other devices to Cast in Guest mode. Keep reading to learn about these other methods.


How to cast your content

How to mirror your screen to Chromecast

Editor’s note: We formulated these instructions using a Google Pixel 7 running Android 13, a custom PC running Windows 11, and a Chromecast Ultra. Some steps may be slightly different depending on your device and software version.

How to cast your content

Casting videos, images, or music is a straightforward process if your smartphone/tablet and the dongle are connected to the same Wi-Fi network. Here’s how to do it!

How to cast to Chromecast with a smartphone:

Connect your smartphone (Android or iOS) to the same Wi-Fi network as the dongle.

Open a supported app and launch the content you want to cast.

A Google Cast icon will appear, usually in the top-right corner.

Tap on it and select the device you want to cast to.

Watch the magic happen!

How to cast to Chromecast with a computer:

Connect your computer to the same Wi-Fi network as your dongle.

Open a supported service’s website using Chrome.

Start playing the content you want to cast.

The Google Cast icon should show up. Tap on it and select the device you want to cast to.


Don’t leave guests out of the party! One of Google’s coolest features allows users to cast to Chromecast without being connected to the Wi-Fi network at all. Google calls this feature Guest Mode. Just remember this won’t work with the newer Chromecast with Google TV.

How to cast to Chromecast without Wi-Fi:

The host needs to open the Google Home app.

Go into the Devices tab.

Find your Chromecast device. Tap and hold onto it for a couple of seconds.

Tap on the gear icon in the top-right corner.

Hit Recognition & sharing.

Go to Guest Mode.

Toggle Guest Mode on.

Guests can now go to the Chromecast-supported apps and hit the Cast button.

Select Nearby device and follow the instructions.

The Chromecast will ask for a PIN, which the host can provide.

Enjoy your content!

How to mirror your screen to Chromecast

Connect the phone and dongle to the same Wi-Fi network.

Open the Google Home app on your smartphone.

Find the Chromecast device you want to mirror your screen to. Tap and hold onto it.

Tap on the Cast my screen button in the lower-left corner.

Select Cast screen.

Hit Start now.

You can hit Stop mirroring when done.

How to mirror your computer to Chromecast:

Connect the computer and dongle to the same Wi-Fi network.

Open the Chrome browser on your computer.

Hit the three-dot menu button in the top-right corner.

Select Cast….

Hit the Sources button and select Cast tab or Cast screen.

It’s possible for a guest to cast to Chromecast without connecting to the same Wi-Fi network, but the owner needs to enable Guest Mode first.

No. The newer Chromecast with Google TV devices don’t support Guest Mode. People will need to connect to your Wi-Fi network to access Google Cast on your devices.

With most Chromecast devices, a smartphone or tablet is needed to set up the device, as well as to use it. However, you could get away with using a computer once you’ve set the device up. Chromecast with Google TV products are more independent, as they run Android TV, and you can control them using the included remote.

Chromecast devices need the Google Home app, which is compatible with devices running Android 8.0 or later, or iOS 15 or later.

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