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The iPhone 5 is made with a level of precision you’d expect from a finely crafted watch, not a smartphone, says Apple’s marketing collateral. It ain’t just marketing talk. From these gorgeous shots to hands-on reports, everyone seems to agree that Apple has outdone itself with this year’s iPhone in terms of shininess and smoothness.
In order to avoid being leapfrogged by competition (the Galaxy S III feels pretty solid in one’s hand, doesn’t it?), Apple really upped the ante on build quality, traditionally its area of expertise. The manufacturing precision and craftsmanship that go into mass-producing these new iPhones is enough to give any gadget maker a pause.
From the handset’s lightly textured back to its highly polished chamfered edge with a nice sheen to it, Apple felt so confident in its manufacturing prowess that the company saw fit to brag about the unique production techniques it developed itself in order to build this phone…
Jony Ive, Apple’s SVP of Industrial Design, shed more light on the iPhone 5 production process in Apple’s presentation video.
Is it just me or did Ive put on a few pounds?
Is it just me or did Ive put on a few pounds?
To create the new iPhone, we began with the design that we really loved. But to build it, to implement it – we had to look way beyond what we knew to be possible.
It took all of our learning, our best thinking, to realize something so simple, so clear and yet so truly extraordinary.
In order to build a product with this level of fit and finish and manufacturing sophistication, Apple had to develop production processes that Ive says are its “most complex and ambitious”.
Take the iPhone’s Unibody enclosure and the mirror-like finish of its diamond-cut beveled edge.
Starting with the aluminum, we machine all of the surfaces of the enclosure. We then polish and texture them. We then use crystal and diamonds to cut the chamfers.
We then use crystal and diamonds to cut the chamfers.
The end result: the near-mirror finish of the iPhone’s beveled edge.
The two-tone metallic backplate?
According to Apple:
The back of iPhone 5 is made of anodized 6000 series aluminum — the same material used in Apple notebooks — with inlays along the top and bottom made of ceramic glass (on the white and silver model) or pigmented glass (on the black and slate model).
Production of the iPhone 5 inlays and fitting them together posed a whole new set of challenges as parts have to match perfectly. Otherwise, customers would notice and feel imperfections where the inlays meet.
So, how did Apple solve this challenge?
With the part on the conveyer… …two high-powered cameras take pictures of the housing (and by ‘high-powered’ Apple means a whopping 29-megapixels… …and instantaneous analysis is done… …and then the best match out of the possible 725 cuts is determined.
…and then the best match out of the possible 725 cuts is determined.
Having this many pieces seamlessly come together results in the manufacturing precision where the variances from one iPhone 5 to another are now measured in microns – that is, one-millionth of a meter.
The in-cell process for the Retina display on the iPhone 5?
Here’s from Apple:
Making a thinner, lighter iPhone meant even the display had to be thinner. Apple engineers accomplished that by creating the first Retina display with integrated touch technology.
Which means instead of a separate layer of touch electrodes between display pixels, the pixels do double duty — acting as touch-sensing electrodes while displaying the image at the same time.
With one less layer between you and what you see on iPhone 5, you experience more clarity than ever before. All on a display that’s 30 percent thinner than before.
Yet another example: sapphire lens cover on the iSight camera.
Because sapphire is thinner and more durable than the cover glass on your iPhone 4/4S and because keeping optics in pristine condition is crucial for camera performance.
Here, a few snaps of the sapphire lens cover production.
By the way, hardness of sapphire crystal is second only to diamond (on the scale of transparent materials), which means that the surface of the lens on your iPhone 5 is far less likely to scratch.
But why agonize over such mundane things many won’t appreciate fully?
I mean, it’s just a phone, right?
We believe that going to such extreme lengths is the only way that we can deliver this level of quality.
We’ve developed manufacturing processes that are our most complex and ambitious. Never before have we built a product with this extraordinary level of fit and finish.
Fit and finish, materials and manufacturing processes are Jony Ive’s life.
But what’s in it for us, the consumers?
These techniques create a dramatic distinction between the product’s lightly textured back and its highly polished chamfered edge.
Most people don’t ever think about the difficulties Apple faced to make possible that smooth feel to the iPhone 5 in your hand.
To me, this obviously means Apple did a terrific job. People only pay notice of build quality when they pick up a crappy handset with ugly design and plasticky feel to it.
That’s when I begin to ask rhetorical questions, like “gee, they did this high-powered handset with a massive display and I can still hear the plastic cracking in my hand?”
Wrapping up, what makes the iPhone 5 so unique from manufacturing standpoint “is how it feels in your hand: the materials is being made with, the remarkable precision with which is being built”.
Bottom line: no details is too small and everything matters in an Apple product.
If you’re eager to learn even more about the iPhone 5 production process, Apple’s web site is your friend.
And no, it’s not about the looks.
Design is how it works.
So, materials and build quality…
Would you say this is something you take into consideration when choosing a smartphone?
You're reading How The Iphone 5 Is Made
Despite lack of NFC (here’s why) and wireless charging (you still need to plug a wireless charging device somewhere), the manufacturing precision with which the iPhone 5 is made is seen as one of its biggest selling points. Piper Jaffray analst Gene Munster previously predicted “the biggest consumer launch in history”, calling the iPhone 5 arrival “the mother of all upgrades”. He’s back at it again, likening the iPhone 5 in today’s note to clients to “a Rolex among a sea of Timexes”…
Compared to the exquisite build quality of the iPhone 5, competing phones, Munster writes, feel like plasticky Timexes.
Fortune’s Philip Elmer-DeWitt relays the note:
We view the iPhone 5 as the Rolex of smartphones in terms of quality and build. While the majority of other phones are dominated by lesser quality plastic and feel more like Timexes. Why would someone buy a Timex when they can have a Rolex for the same price?
Hm, where have I heard this before?
Apple’s marketing collateral says that the iPhone 5 is “made with a level of precision you’d expect from a finely crafted watch, not a smartphone”.
He predicts 8-10 million iPhone 5 units in the first week and 49 million iPhones next quarter, adding:
We believe that pictures and video of the new iPhone 5 do not sufficiently convey the level of upgrade the product represents.
Damn right, Gene!
The iPhone 5 is eye candy, but wait ’till you hold it in your hand
The iPhone 5 is eye candy, but wait ’till you hold it in your hand
He then explains:
We were able to see and hold the device following the launch and believe there are two aspects that will pleasantly surprise consumers.
First, we believe the actual feel and build of the phone is beyond that of any prior iPhone iteration.
Second, we believe the weight difference between the iPhone 5 and the 4S is meaningful and consumers will notice the difference in their pocket, despite the larger screen size.
Be that as it may, I certainly agree with Munster’s assessment concerning build quality.
As I wrote in my yesterday’s article, everything matters once you hold an iPhone 5 in your hand: the materials is being made with, the remarkable precision with which is being built.
Crystalline diamonds are used to cut the chamfers for that expensive looking sheen.
Crystalline diamonds are used to cut the chamfers for that expensive looking sheen.
His company is assembling the iPhone 5 in Chinese plants, using sophisticated equipment custom-designed specifically for iPhone production.
Gou told China Times back in June that Apple’s next phone “would put Samsung’s Galaxy III to shame” and we now know he was referring to build quality.
Apple’s souped up PR shots don’t do the justice.
Check out how thin it is.
Journos who were given some hands-on time with the device following Wednesday’s announcement felt that it feels substantially lighter in your hand and noticeably thinner.
Combined with its lightly textured back and the highly polished chamfered edge with a nice sheen to it, the iPhone 5 should by far remain the most precisely built smartphone on the market. I have an iPhone 4S and I still marvel at the manufacturing precision with which it is being made so I can only imagine that the iPhone 5 would knock my socks off in terms of build quality.
I think Apple’s design boss Jony Ive put it best in the iPhone 5 introduction video:
We don’t want to just make a new phone, we want to make a much better phone.
Making a much better phone doesn’t mean just making a bigger screen, a faster processor and putting LTE and ultrafast wireless chips inside. It means refining the familiar design (so that people can tell you upgraded) and improving on production processes so users feel like they’re holding a finely crafted object in their hand.
After all, it is a pricey phone and you’d expect top quality for that kind of money, especially from Apple.
Wouldn’t you agree?
When Google unveiled the Pixel 5 alongside the Pixel 4a 5G at its Launch Night In event on September 30, I was perplexed. On paper and in pictures, the $699 Pixel 5 made little sense compared to the $499 Pixel 4a 5G, not to mention the Pixel 4 XL. I struggled to understand why Google made a smaller phone with very similar specs for more money.
A hole-punch camera helps Google keep the bezels nice and uniform on the Pixel 5.
I also get what Google is trying to do. Google is calling it “the ultimate 5G Google phone,” but its focus isn’t on gimmicky features like Motion Sense or Active Edge, or even niche camera tricks that show off Google’s AI prowess. Rather, the Pixel 5 is about taking the high-end Pixel experience and distilling it in a smart and stylish package that challenges the very definition of a flagship.A design without compromises
Much like the Galaxy S20 and S20 FE, the Pixel 5 and 4a are extremely similar phones. Both have a small hole-punch camera in the upper left corner that looks a lot better than the Pixel 4’s giant forehead or the 3 XL’s notch.
The Pixel 5 has subtle enhancements that give it an almost luxurious feel. The aluminum back, Simply Sage color, and chrome power button all add a touch of luxury compared to the plastic 4a. It doesn’t quite feel as metallic as the original Pixel duo to the paint over the wireless-charging-friendly plastic, but it has a very nice texture. It’s downright Apple-like, a comparison I never thought I’d make for a Pixel phone. It’s like the iPhone 11 versus the Pro, or the XR versus the XS.
The camera bump is a lot less bumpy on the Pixel 5.
The Pixel 5 is also the first Android phone I’ve used that actually has uniform bezels around the screen. Google is using a flexible OLED to bend the display under itself and reduce the chin, a surprising and impressive bit of engineering for a phone that doesn’t cost a thousand bucks. While it seems like a small thing, once you turn it on for the first time, you won’t look at another Android phone the same way. Even the Galaxy Note 20 Ultra doesn’t have quite the same visual appeal after switching over from the Pixel 5.
Altogether, the $699 Pixel 5 is the first phone Google has made that actually feels like a premium device. At just $200 more than the Pixel 4a 5G, it’s a smart addition to the lineup.The same but different
The Pixel 5 has the same Snapdragon 765G processor as the Pixel 4a 5G, but overall, the Pixel 5 feels like the faster phone. That’s because it has a bit more RAM (8GB vs 6GB) and a faster display (90Hz vs 60Hz), more seemingly small changes that make a big difference.
The chrome power button brings a touch of class to the Pixel 5.
But what really gives the Pixel 5 its edge over other phones in its class (and higher, to be honest), as always, is its camera. The Pixel 5 has the same general dual-camera array as the Pixel 4 XL, though the secondary telephoto lens has been swapped out for an ultra-wide one. It’s something of a matter of preference, though I’d personally like both of them in the Pixel 6. But even with a different lens, the results aren’t categorically different from those of the Pixel 5 versus the 4XL. Photos take a touch longer to process due to the slower CPU, but for the most part, the experience is very similar to that of the previous Pixels.
The back of the Pixel 5 isn’t quite metallic, but it has a nice texture.The feature is Android
As expected, the Pixel 5 ships with Android 11 on board, and it feels very much like Google designed it strictly for the new Pixels. The gesture navigation feels better than ever with less bottom bezel, and the optimizations make the Pixel 5 feel like a phone with a much faster chip and much bigger battery. A new Extreme Battery Saver mode will help your Pixel last for up to two days by disabling features, throttling the processor, and limiting notifcations by prioritizing apps.
The Pixel 5 dispenses of the ugly chin that previous Pixel phones had.
With the Pixel 5, Android is the premium feature. It reminds me of the last great Nexus phone, the Nexus 5. At the time it was the launch device for Android 4.4 KitKat, and it showcased the new design, improved performance, and Google now Launcher. It wasn’t flashy or over-the-top, but it got the job done.
And so it is with the Pixel 5. I’ll get into the camera and performance in my full review, but on a high level, Google dispensed with the gimmicks and focused on the things that matter. We finally have a true alternative to the Galaxy S20 and iPhone 12 that leans on the things Google does best. It could lead to some truly impressive phones to come.
Are iPhone owners going through the Asian version of the 7-year-itch? Once head over heels in love with Apple’s iPhone, many consumers in Singapore and Hong Kong are straying, increasingly adopting Android devices. The iPhone could be a victim of its own success as some Asian Apple fans increasingly turn to Samsung as a way to show they are different from the crowd.
From Hello Kitty to crazy game shows, the West traditionally turns to the East for cutting-edge trends. The latest import could be a wave of anti-iPhone sentiment sweeping the Pacific Rim. One Asian nation has gone from one of the world’s largest iOS markets to a doubling of Android devices. Are we witnessing the beginnings of ‘iPhone fatigue?’…
The iPhone is “a victim of changing mobile habits and its own runaway success” in Hong Kong and Singapore, Reuters reports Monday.
In the case of Singapore, just 50 percent of that nation’s mobile devices are now powered by iOS – down from 72 in January 2012. Meanwhile, Android devices rose to 43 percent of the market, up from 20 percent since the start of last year.
Elsewhere, in Hong Kong, iOS has slid to 30 percent of the market, down from around 45 percent a year ago. During the same time, Android is used by almost 75 percent of mobile consumers there.
What’s the cause for the iPhone’s eclipse among the wealthy and hip Asian consumer? One possible reason: Apple no longer is the only ‘cool’ technology available.
While still seen as a “prestigious brand” one Singapore developer told Reuters “there are just so many cool smartphones out there now that the competition is just much stiffer.”
In both Singapore and Hong Kong, the white earbuds of iPhones are being replaced with Samsung devices – Apple’s chief Android rival. One Singapore app developer said 70 percent of her audience – young college students and graduates in their 20s – already own an Android phone or intend to switch.
Along with developers turning to Android, dollars are also migrating from iOS. Reuters quotes a Hong Kong-based mobile marketer who says Apple retains its premium pricing while Samsung is promoting its alternative.
In Bangkok, another market (who owns a Samsung Galaxy S3) likens iPhones to designer handbags.
Unlike US iPhone owners, which tend to stay with Apple year after year, mobile users in Hong Kong and Thailand are described as “very fickle” and “not very brand loyal,” tending to follow the latest trend.
Indeed, some credit the explosion of Samsung fans to the growing interest in K-Pop. (Don’t know anything about K-Pop? Talk to your teen or pre-teen for clues.)
But should we dismiss the fashion-fickle young Asian market?
After all, Asia is part of the “emerging market” we so often hear as fueling the future growth for both Apple and Android. In fact, Southeast Asia is a red-hot market. Consumers there increased smartphone spending by 78 percent in 2012 as compared to 2011, Reuters reports.
There are some clues Apple could use in this trend report, however. Foremost, Asian consumers love larger screens both to accomodate Chinese writing, but also to display movies, an increasingly popular use of smartphones.
Another competitive move would be to promote the iPhone in a more price-conscious way. However, some differences between the current Apple and past leadership cannot be changed.
“After Steve Jobs died, it seems the element of surprise in product launches isn’t that great anymore,” remarked a young ad executive based in Hong Kong.
What about you?
Feeling the iPhone fatigue yet?
In 2023, engineer Andrew Martin used LEDs to create a ring that can blink out any date. He got the idea from a fictional engagement ring that flashed the date that the groom and bride met. You don’t need to use a marriage proposal as an excuse to hack together your own blinky ring —it works as a Valentine’s gift, too.: Three out of five hearts.
At the end of 2023, 22-year-old Andrew Martin was celebrating the return of his favorite webcomic Achewood, written by Chris Onstad. The surreal story, which had been on indefinite hiatus since 2011, follows a group of friends (three cats, an otter, a couple bears, and a squirrel) dealing with everyday life: anxiety, aimlessness, and the fear of being found wanting.
Its return inspired Martin, a QA Engineer at Dematic Reddwerks in Austin, TX, to revisit a 2007 storyline in which one of the main characters builds an electronic engagement ring and programs it to blink the date he met his girlfriend. Martin decided to make the ring in real life.
Martin tinkers with the code for his blinky ring design.
This dysfunction is a key part of the storyline that introduces the blinky ring. The character Roast Beef, who suffers from depression and anxiety, wants to propose to his girlfriend Molly (a 17th-century Welsh woman who came back to life and got a job at Taco Bell—don’t ask). But shopping for an engagement ring, with all the attendant money woes, politics, expectations, and standards, sends Roast Beef spiraling.
That’s when he decides to make the ring himself. He wires a chip, resistor, and LED together on what looks suspiciously like a Ring Pop base, then programs the ring to blink the date that he and Molly met. Even the plastic base is true to the character—someone who would look down on an inexpensive homemade ring wouldn’t be the partner he was looking for.
“Roast Beef is in his soul a punk, so he wouldn’t go the traditional channel with precious gemstones,” explains Onstad. “This ring also revealed that beneath all his issues he is a romantic: He made a technology-themed ring for a girlfriend he had originally bonded with over technology.”
And that led to the Sunday afternoon when I sat down with Martin and built my fiancé a ring of his very own. I (the author) actually got engaged while writing this article, so I asked Martin to help me make a blinky ring that would flash the date that my fiancé and I met, just like in the comic. The ring my fiancé gave me has tiny sapphires in it, so I made his DIY version match my more valuable one by using a turquoise LED on top of a gold ring base.
The author’s fiancé Shyam Kulkarni with his blinky ring
“I really wanted to go forward with the spirit of the comic and say, ‘what can I do in an afternoon with the parts I have lying around the house,’” says Martin. “I could take it in a lot of directions, but I went the Achewood route, where I made it sort of grungy but lived up to the spirit of what the comic was all about.”
He envisions this ring as a good introductory electronics project, with lots of room for improvement and development. DIYers could add an on/off switch (right now you have to manually squeeze the batteries together or use a rubber band). Visually, there are a lot of options, such as 3-D printing a gem shape for the top or embracing a hardware-like aesthetic with a decorative breadboard of some sort. Next time, Martin would like to use flat copper tape and find a circuit base to cover the ring so it looks more like the version pictured in Achewood. Also, more prosaically: next time he knows to bend the wires before gluing stuff down.
The man himself, Onstad, reassured us that our ring was cool and all, but spoke the truth: “Roast Beef would have had a pretty tight game on this and used a smaller-circumference ring base, and special-ordered old school breadboard in green. But yours is personal; that’s what matters.”
On one hand, it’s just an LED on a plastic ring base. On the other, it’s a fan’s ultimate homage to a truly touching love story. On my fiancé’s hand, though, it’s a ring that I made just for him, that blinks the date we met. And that’s pretty rad.
Ring of rings
Martin has built a variety of rings, all in various stages of construction.Build your own blinky ring Stats
Time: 1-1.5 hours
Cost: $10 (but if you buy supplies for several rings, say for a class project, the cost per ring will be closer to $5 or $6)
Difficulty: MediumTools & Materials
Clean, dry plastic base from a Ring Pop
3 1.5-volt coin batteries
Solid core wires
Soldering iron and solderInstructions
Connect the ATtiny to the Arduino Uno using the capacitor and breadboard and following this guide. Upload this basic Arduino program, which tells an LED to blink, to check that the programming works.
Modify the blink program so it will blink the date sequence that you want. Martin explains, “We’re going to make a few tweaks to the program to make it good for the ATtiny. First, the LED we will send information to on the ATtiny will be associated with a particular pin (pin 0). Second, we want to turn a simple blinking on and off into blinking a date.” To do that, the program must tell the LED to blink a certain number of times, pause for a second, blink again for the month, pause, and blink the year. Use the (digitalwrite) and (delay) commands at the bottom of the page to modify the code for whatever date you desire.
Pry up the ATtiny and then glue it onto the ring base. Make sure that the side with pin 1 (pin 1 has a little black dot above it) is facing the center of the ring. It will make putting it together much easier.
Create a battery pack: Stack the three batteries on top of one another facing the same direction, then roll them tightly in electrical tape, leaving the top and bottom clear and trimming any excess tape on the edges. Glue the pack down, keeping the positive side facing the same direction as the positive lead of the LED.
Place and hot-glue the resistor close to the shorter, negative lead of the LED.
Use insulated wire to connect the battery pack to the ATTiny. Connect the positive side of the battery to the power pin of the ATtiny (pin 8) and the negative side of the battery to the ground pin (pin 4). Glue the wires in place.
Now it’s time to bend the wires. Bend one end of the resistor up to the negative lead of LED. Bend the other end of the resistor around to pin 5 (diagonally across from the pin with the dot) on the ATtiny. Bend the positive lead of the LED around to pin 8, the same pin the power wire connects to.
Grab the soldering iron. Solder the LED wire to the battery wire and the chip, making sure to get all three. Then solder the negative lead of the LED wire to the resistor. Finally, solder the other end of the resistor to pin 5 on the ATtiny.
It’s not that I didn’t believe in the concept of a notebook that lets you replace or upgrade every single component when I reviewed the Framework laptop last year. In fact, I took the original Framework laptop out of the box and stripped it down to its base components and then reassembled it without violating any warranty.
It’s just that for an upgradeable laptop to actually be real, you have to be able to purchase that promised upgrade.
the original framework laptop review
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Color me cynical, but I’ve seen many companies much larger and richer than Framework promise the moon over the last 20 years, only for all to fail. Before you “well, awkshully” me, I know other companies have delivered upgrades over the years but those typically have been in very narrow windows of parts availability with no real promise of going further down the road.
Framework should (in theory) be capable of offering multiple generations of upgrades without a hitch—so long as the company survives to do it.
And that’s why I’m officially a believer in the Framework now: It’s actually delivered an upgrade for its original laptop just one year later.
In this case, you can take the Framework’s original 11th-gen, 4-core Intel Core i7-1185G7 and easily upgrade it to a 12th-gen, 12-core Core i7-1260P or a 14-core Core i7-1280P.
I did so by taking an original model Framework and swapping the board out for a 12th-gen CPU. Along the way, I also upgraded the wireless network from Wi-Fi 6 to Wi-Fi 6E and had a functioning, faster laptop booted into the OS in under 30 minutes. Framework has also since made design changes to the laptop to address various complaints, adding a stiffer lid and stronger hinges. While I didn’t do those upgrades, I could have, since the company sells them to its customers as well.
To be honest, it’s amazing Framework has gotten this far. The challenge with upgradeable laptops hasn’t been in the design or engineering, if you ask me—it’s been making a business case for serviceable notebooks.
That means Framework has to sell enough of the laptops to make it worth its while. Framework customers can’t abuse them, either.
By abuse, I mean like the Asus whitebook upgradeable laptop program 15 years ago. Asus officials told me part of the reason they threw in the towel was due to customers damaging the laptops while building them and than sheepishly returning them as defective, leaving the company to hold the bag.
You can see the upgraded 12th gen motherboard in the Frameworks in place while the original 11th gen motherboard sits on top of it.
Gordon Mah Ung
If you look at the 11th-gen motherboard and the 12th-gen motherboard above, you can see they look almost exactly the same, despite both chips using different physical soldered sockets and package sizes.
This makes the upgrade a far easier motherboard swap. If the chips were still socketed, you’d need to remove the laptop’s cooler, swap out the CPU (with delicate pins), and then reattach the cooler, all of which risks damaging the exposed cores of the laptop chip.
With the RAM and SSD going into the same locations as the board that’s removed, less experienced customers are unlikely to be confused with where the components go as well.
With the only real pucker factor coming from reattaching the delicate display, battery and other ribbon cables, it’s actually pretty easy to do.
So what do you get for your troubles? I’ll cover the performance upgrades in a different story, but for most normal folks, it’s not worth it. The point here isn’t the value in the upgrade though. It’s that you can do it at all.
Adam Patrick Murray
Besides making laptop upgrades easier, I’ve come to realize the Framework opens the possibility for other upgrade avenues. It’s actually within the realm of reality for Framework to potentially offer an AMD Ryzen upgrade motherboard, or even one using an Arm-based CPU.
The challenge would be in obtaining the chips themselves, designing the boards for them, and doing the math to figure out whether there is demand for those—or not. But again: Those are business challenges, not necessarily technical ones. And it’s clear to me that Frameworks really could offer them if it made business sense.
That’s ultimately why I’m surprisingly excited by the upgraded Framework laptop, and the potential to swap out its guts for a 14th-gen Intel CPU or Ryzen 9000 chip down the road.
Yes, Framework has to survive to offer any future upgrades—but from what I’ve seen so far, I’m not as skeptical as I was. The Framework upgradeable laptop deserves all the praise it’s been receiving.
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