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Joel Cramer was at the pool with his kids when another dad, competing in a big splash contest, got up onto the diving board. He bounced up once, and when he landed on the board for the second time, his quadriceps muscle tore. “It rolled up his leg and balled up near the top of his thigh,” says Cramer, a professor of exercise physiology at the University of Nebraska. “[It was] like rolling up a window shade.”
That’s an extreme (and extremely rare) example of a muscle strain, a common injury that happens to high school soccer stars, recreational runners, and middle-aged racquetball players alike. “Strain” is the medical term for the condition, though it’s colloquially known as a pulled muscle. The term is a catch-all that covers everything from a small twinge to a full-on rupture.What is a pulled muscle?
The human body contains three different types of muscles: cardiac, skeletal, and visceral (or smooth). Of those, skeletal are the only ones that we have control over—and thus, the ones that we can injure. Skeletal muscles are made of thousands—in some cases, millions—of muscle fibers. These fibers are all bundled together and wrapped in a sheath of connective tissues. A strained muscle means, in a nutshell, that some number of the fibers that make up one of your muscles tore. This ripping can happen if you pull them too hard or too fast.
What we call a “tear” and what we coin a “pull or strain” all boil down to the same type of injury: A rip to some part of the muscle. But some are worse than others. A mild or “grade one” strain—what many people call a “pulled muscle”—happens when you tear about 5 percent of the fibers in a particular muscle. This typically feels like an uncomfortable twinge that may force you off the court for a few weeks. A moderate sprain involves a higher percentage of fibers, and might sideline you for a month or more. A full rupture severs the muscle entirely, and usually requires surgery to repair.
[Related: Why do my muscles ache the day after a big workout?]
Okay, but how exactly do these tears occur? And why do some instances result in more muscle fiber damage than others? Cramer says three major factors contribute to this muscle busting. Muscles that cover two joints, like the hamstring which extends across the hip and knee joints, are at the highest risk. That’s because having both joints moving and stretching the muscle simultaneously adds tension, which can lead to strains.
Muscles are also more likely to strain while they are contracting. At this point, muscles are shortening and lengthening at the same time. During a dumbbell curl, for example, raising the weight up towards the shoulder compresses the bicep, and lowering it back down stretches it back out again. The muscle can create and sustain much more force during the lengthening portion of the activity, says Cramer, which makes it easier for it to strain.
Finally, muscles that have a higher proportion of fast-twitch to slow-twitch fibers strain more readily. Fast-twitch fibers contract quickly and generate more power, says Cramer. For that reason, they are the ones recruited for explosive tasks like sprinting. “It’s relatively uncommon for slow twitch [muscles] to strain,” he says. “They’re used to being active all the time.”
Technically, Cramer says, it’s possible to strain any of the skeletal muscles in your body. “For some, it’s not physiologically impossible, just very highly unlikely,” he says. “You’re probably not going to strain deep muscles with very specific functions.” The muscles in the finger, for example, are probably not going to cause much trouble, since they only have one task and don’t do much heavy lifting.
[Related: How to get muscle gains: A beginner’s guide to becoming buff]
Low flexibility and range of motion are major factors at risk for muscle strain, says Cramer. Despite the popular belief that larger muscles are tighter, Cramer says greater muscle mass is actually associated with greater give. “There’s evidence to suggest that weight training done with a good range of motion increases flexibility,” he says. And even though it may not seem like it when you’re struggling to touch your toes, Cramer says most people can teach their body to be springy enough to do the splits. So, to help keep your muscle fibers intact—pick up the weights and don’t skip your stretching routine, no matter how tedious it is.How does a pulled muscle heal?
For at-home ways to treat to minor strains, clinicians often recommend what’s known by the acronym R.I.C.E.: resting the pulled muscle; icing it for about 30 minutes; compressing it with an elastic bandage; and elevating it above your heart. While ice packs can reduce pain and swelling, some recent physiology studies suggest regular baths in chilly water might hinder recovery. (A small amount of inflammation, which encourages the flow of blood and nutrients, can actually help muscles restore their strength.) What clearly works is rest: You don’t need to completely avoid all physical activities, but taking it easy—and getting plenty of sleep at night—gives your body the opportunity it needs to heal itself.
This post has been updated. It was originally published on September 28, 2023. It was also previously updated to reflect the fact that stretching in general—not at any specific time—can help to prevent low flexibility, a risk factor for muscle strains.
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As users continue to mourn the impending loss of TikTok, Facebook, in all its wisdom, took this time and opportunity to offer the world an alternative that is not quite but kind of similar to TikTok, say hello to Instagram Reels. A feature that is available within Instagram itself, Reels are basically 15 second short videos that you can create, edit, and customize to turn into something fun and engaging for the world to see and enjoy.
Of course, a major point of Reels is to be able to share it with others and get views on them. This is where the Explore page comes into the picture. While we are used to the normal workings of Instagram, there are some kinks that need to be ironed out for a smooth Reel experience. This is why understanding the role of the Explore page and what happens to your Reel on it is important. Let’s delve into this process for a better understanding.
What is the Explore page?
Consider face-time on the most prominent billboard in the world, that’s what the Explore page is capable of. It curates popular content, based on your interests and enables you to search and discover trending content that you might like. While we cannot entirely be sure about how exactly content is curated by Instagram, we can imagine powerful algorithms in place, tracking and tracing content that’s picking up traction and targeting it to its relevant audience.
How to share Instagram Reels on the Explore page
Firstly, keep in mind that your Reel can only be seen on the Explore page if you have a Public account. That is, your account is not set as private by you. Once your Reel is live, it will be shared on the Explore page along with millions of Reels that are being uploaded by other users as well.
Unselect ‘Also Share to Feed’ to post it to Explore page only, and not to followers.
What if my Instagram account is Private?
If your Instagram account is Private, then Instagram will adhere to the privacy settings you have set for your account, so your Reel will definitely not make it to the Explore page. You can share the Reel to your Feed/Story/DM so only your followers will be able to see it.
What if I want to share a Reel ONLY on the Explore page?
Yes, you can choose to only share your Reel on the Explore page. Once your Reel is ready, move to the share screen, where you can save a draft of your Reel, edit it as you like, add copy and tag people if you want.
Now, unselect the checkbox for ‘Also Share to Feed’. Now, the Blue button at the bottom will change to ‘Share to Reels in Explore’. So, once you tap it, your Reel will be shared in the Explore tab only, and not in your feed.
However, note that your Reel will definitely be added to a separate Reels tab on your profile along with all the other Reels you’ve created. To find them, tap your profile icon in the bottom right, and then, the Reels button in the middle of the three buttons as shown below.
What happens once your Reel is on the Explore page?
Once you share a Reel in Explore, it will be available for the public to view on Instagram. Its AI may place it on the Explore tab with other Reels as it thinks fit. It’s important to note that you don’t have any control over it — at least directly. As is the YouTube and TikTok videos, if you want your Reels to be popular, you shall focus on content quality and trends.
Once your Reel is live, it shall be available on the Explore page on Instagram for the next 24 hours for anyone who wants to view it — but much depends on who it becomes available for, and where, with a lot of factors considered by Insta’s AI.
Another major factor that will play a role in engagement is the use of hashtags. Instagrams algorithms pick up on popular as well as trending hashtags, consequently pushing Reels that contain them higher up in the explore section.
Nevertheless, everything aside, if you’ve made a good, engaging Reel that people will respond to, then you can hope for the best. Remember, the science behind viral content is not exact, we still don’t understand why certain content becomes wildly popular despite all the odds.
Should you share your Reels on the Explore page?
Still apprehensive about Reels? We recommend giving Reels a shot at least once. Even if it’s not the same as TikTok, you might still discover something you like.
Apple tends to introduce new changes with each iteration of iOS. The recently released iOS 15 brings along a new feature as well that helps manage shared content on your device, called ‘Shared with you‘. iOS is now capable of identifying and categorizing shared content that was shared with you in the Messages app.
This feature supports content from various services and even can sync your shared content across all your devices. This will make it easier for you to keep up with shared content on your device and view it whenever you open the concerned app.
Apple also gives you the ability to hide your shared content as well as remove it from the concerned app. But why offer two different options? Do they work differently? What happens when you use either of the options? Let’s find out!
iOS lets you control your ‘Shared with content’ in multiple ways. One of these ways is to moderate users from whom your receive shared content. While you can continue receiving content from a contact, you can turn off ‘Shared with You’ for them.
Once turned off, the content shared by the particular contact will no longer show up in the ‘Shared with You’ section of the respective app. The ‘Hide in Shared with You’ option is just another shortcut to toggle off this setting.
This option will show up once you tap and hold on a shared content from any contact on your device. Once you select ‘Hide in Shared with You’, all the content from the particular app will be hidden in the ‘Shared with You’ sections of the dedicated app.
Difference between ‘Remove’ and ‘Hide in Shared with You’
If you’ve tried to remove content from your ‘Shared with You’ sections then you might have realized that the ‘Remove’ option seems to be different from ‘Hide in Shared with You’. And that’s true, selecting ‘Remove’ will remove the selected content from within the app’s ‘Shared with You’ section.
‘Hide in Shared with You’ on the other hand will prevent the contact’s shared content from showing up in the respective apps. Hence you won’t need to remove each item one by one again. This is how ‘Remove’ differs from ‘Hide in Shared with You’.
Essentially, you can use ‘Remove’ to remove an item from a ‘Shared with You’ section in an app while you can use the ‘Hide in Shared with You’ option to stop content from a contact showing up in the ‘Shared with You’ section.
How to use ‘Hide in Shared with You’
To use the ‘Hide in Shared with You’ option, navigate to the desired conversation in your ‘Messages’ app. Now find a shared link, photo, or any other type of content and tap and hold on to it. A context menu should now appear on your screen. Simply tap and select ‘Hide in Shared with You’ to hide content from the particular contact in all ‘Shared with You’ sections.
How to use ‘Remove’ under ‘Shared with You’ in any app
Navigate to the ‘Shared with You’ section of the desired app where you wish to remove an item and tap and hold on to it. Once the context menu appears on your screen, tap and select ‘Remove’. Confirm your choice by tapping on the same again and the selected item will now be removed from your ‘Shared with You’ section.
► What Apps Support ‘Shared With You’?
If you wish to restore content then you can do this in two ways. You can either navigate to the desired conversation, tap on the contact name, and turn on the toggle for ‘Shared with You’ or you can tap and hold on to a piece of content in the chat and select ‘Share automatically’. This will turn on ‘Shared content’ for the selected contact and content from them should now showing up in the ‘Shared with You’ section.
Microsoft Teams is widely hailed as one of the most sophisticated video-conferencing tools out there. The Redmond-based company has done a great job on its in-house video collaborating tool in terms of features. However, they embarrassingly failed to hit the mark in arguably the most important segment — ease of use.
For all its qualities, Microsoft Teams is hardly an obvious choice for novice or intermediate users. It requires a keen eye even for basic tasks and throws unnecessary hurdles at users. Today, we’ll take a look at and try to solve one such difficult “puzzle” — the act of leaving a Team in Microsoft Teams. Now, without further ado, let’s get to it.
Related: How to see everyone on Microsoft Teams
How to leave a Team in Microsoft Teams?
There are three ways to leave a Team in Microsoft Teams. First, you could use the Microsoft Web to leave a Team. Second, if you download the desktop app, you’d get the option of leaving Microsoft Teams. Finally, we have the Android app, which works similarly to the former two and offers a straightforward option to leave the group.
iOS users, on the other hand, don’t have the privilege of leaving the group from their devices as Microsoft is yet to bake the feature into the iOS client.
With the disclaimer out of the way, let’s see how to leave a Team from all three clients.
Related: 62 Cool Microsoft Teams backgrounds to spice up the fun! [May 2023]
Microsoft Teams Web
Related: How to change Microsoft Teams background, add your own, and download free images
Microsoft Teams Desktop
Related: Microsoft Teams Together Mode: All you need to know
Microsoft Teams on Phone
Microsoft Teams users on mobile phones enjoy the same privileges as the web and desktop counterparts. To leave a Team from the phone app, you’ll first need to fire up the application and log in with the right credentials. Then, go to the ‘Teams’ tab — the one situated at the middle-bottom portion of your screen.
Here, you’ll see all the Teams you’re associated with. Pick the Team you want to leave and hit the vertical ellipsis button on the right-hand side. Hit ‘Leave Team’ and confirm.
If you’re not an admin of the organization, you cannot leave an organization-wide Team.
Related: How to add and use OneNote in Microsoft Teams?
What happens when you leave a Team?
If you only choose to leave a Team but remain a part of the organization, you are only distancing yourself from a particular project while offering to stay in the loop for other potential projects. You will not get any notifications from the team you left but your old messages will remain on the group for all participants to see.
Related: 11 Ways to fix Microsoft Teams Audio Not Working, No Audio issues
How to leave an Organization in Microsoft Teams?
At the top of Microsoft Teams’ hierarchy is the organization you’re a part of. Organizations in Teams have all-powerful admins, who have untapped access to everything that happens in the system. However, as a participant of an Organization, you could still choose to leave it by following a few simple steps. Before deleting, keep in mind that removing yourself from the Organization won’t erase your old data unless your admin wishes.
Related: How to add and use your own images as backgrounds in Microsoft Teams meetings
Why can’t you leave your Team?
Now that we’ve covered the basics of leaving your Team in Microsoft Teams, it should theoretically be easier to get the job done. However, there are still some discrepancies we need to address, talk about a couple of factors that might keep you from leaving a Team.
If you are a student of an institution with a legitimate Microsoft Teams’ license, you’re unlikely to have the option to leave a Team. Teachers generally use this feature to break their big classes into smaller groups and giving students the option of leaving a Team hardly makes sense from the teacher’s perspective.
Also, you could be forced to stay in a Team if you’re the only admin remaining in the group. Even members — the last one in a Team — have come across this issue and have been stuck in one with no respite in sight.
Related: What is Microsoft Teams Auditorium Mode?
How to leave a Team when you’re stuck?
Stuck in a Team and can’t seem to find a way out? The situation may not be as dire as perceived. Being forced to be part of a Team is a very annoying issue, of course, but the Android client users may have a lucky break. Even if you don’t get the leave option on the web or desktop, you are likely to get it on the Android client.
Just head over to the app, pick the Team you want to leave, tap on the vertical ellipsis button, and hit ‘Leave Team.’
You should be able to get out of the Team without a hitch.
If that doesn’t work, you’ll have to ask the administrator of the Organizer to come to your rescue. They could manually get you out of a Team you don’t wish to be a part of.
A stock CPU fan costs an attractive sum of $0 plus the cost of shipping its weight. What could be better than that? Aftermarket fans run you anywhere from $10 to $100. Some of them even cost upwards of $200. Essentially, if you’re looking for a bargain, you got one the moment you bought your CPU. But is this bargain really all there is to CPU cooling? Do you actually get something out of buying a decent aftermarket cooler? One could comfortably guess that these pricey fancy CPU coolers are appearing on the market because they meet a demand. But what are they good for?What Do You Plan To Do With Your CPU?
Do you plan to overclock your processor? Or are you simply going to use it as it is? If you answered “yes” to the first question, then you definitely need a higher-end cooler to keep your CPU in tip-top shape.
If you have no idea what overclocking is: It’s a process by which a computer enthusiast (or a person with deep enough pockets) changes some of the inbuilt hardware limitations on a CPU by using special software, with the goal of making the CPU run faster than it was originally intended to.
Your typical CPU will work optimally when its external heat is lower than 70 degrees Celsius. Anything above that will result in either a performance drop or the dreaded meltdown. Overclocked CPUs need more care, since they produce a significantly higher amount of heat than when they run at the clock speeds they are designed to run on.
If you don’t plan on overclocking, you don’t need an aftermarket fan. The CPU’s stock fan will work just as well for normal computer use.There’s Another Factor: Noise
The typical stock CPU fan is quite noisy. Manufacturers focus almost entirely on increasing each CPU’s performance. It’s no surprise that not a lot of investment is made in the cooling department. As a result, the fans CPUs come with often are noisy, which can be an issue while you’re trying to work. Aftermarket CPU cooler manufacturers, on the other hand, invest the entirety of their resources in developing that particular product. Their coolers are almost always as silent as ninjas. If you hate noisy computers, you’ll love an aftermarket fan.Another Word On Aftermarket Fans
While most aftermarket coolers are a step up from their stock counterparts, it’s important to know that you don’t have to spend $100 on these things. There are many fans that do their job and reduce noise without burning holes through your wallet. The only case in which I wouldn’t recommend bargain hunting is when you’re planning on overclocking or doing other crazy things that might fry the chip.
Miguel has been a business growth and technology expert for more than a decade and has written software for even longer. From his little castle in Romania, he presents cold and analytical perspectives to things that affect the tech world.
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First and foremost, Android 4.4 KitKat will offer something that its predecessors did not bring to the table, and that’s support for older devices that were left running dated Android versions.
In other words, Project Svelte is joining Project Butter:
Besides improving the overall Android experience available in Jelly Bean, Google has added some interesting new features to KitKat, which users may certainly appreciate.
Always-on Google Now and Google Search
In KitKat, the phone app will automatically prioritize contacts based on the people you talk to the most and will let you search for “nearby places and businesses, your contacts, or people in your Google Apps domain.”
The caller ID is also smarter, as it will try to match a call from a phone number that’s not saved in your contacts with business and add a Google Maps listing for them.
Hangouts and the default SMS app
You already know by now that Hangouts has received SMS integration, but users won’t be forced to use Hangouts as their default SMS application.
The concept of default SMS application comes with Android 4.4 KitKat, something Google revealed not so long ago.
A new NFC
NFC has also been tweaked in KitKat, as Google is not yet ready to give up on its NFC vision. Even though it encountered some stiff resistance and/or competition from carriers, Google is ready to move past their needs by letting developers offer NFC features to interested buyers without requiring access to the secure element on SIM cards, which is controlled by mobile operators.
KitKat uses Host Card Emulation (HCE) to offer NFC “payments, loyalty programs, card access, transit passes and other custom transactions,” without actually requiring a secure element present.
KitKat and the TV
KitKat brings a variety of tools that should help with entertainment-related chores:
Resolution switching through adaptive playback will let apps seamlessly change resolution during video playback
Support for Common Encryption (CENC) – “a standard, multiplatform DRM scheme for managing protective content.”
Audio Tunneling to DSP – audio decoding and output is moved to a digital signal processor (DSP) in order to conserve battery power in such cases when the screen is not turned on but music is playing.
Audio monitoring – apps get new tools that let them “monitor any currently playing audio on the device”
Loudness enhancer – media apps can increase the loudness of spoken content
Wi-Fi Certified Miracast
System-wide settings for closed captioning
Music and movie seeking from lock screen – by long pressing the play button, you’ll be able to move to a certain part of a song or video directly from the lock screen
More Bluetooth profiles
After finally rolling out Bluetooth 4.0 LE support with Android 4.3 Jelly Bean, Google seems determined to take Bluetooth support one step further by letting Android apps interact with more Bluetooth-enabled devices.
KitKat will offer support for more Bluetooth profiles including Bluetooth HID over GATT (“gives apps a low-latency with low-power peripheral devices such as mice, joysticks and keyboards”), Bluetooth MAP (“exchange messages with a nearby device”) and an extension to Bluetooth AVRCP 1.3 (which will let users “set absolute volume on the system from their Bluetooth devices”).
A new screen recorder app will let users record videos of the apps they’re using in order to create “walkthroughs, tutorial, marketing videos and more.”
Step Detector and Step Counter
Security has also been enhanced in Android 4.4, as app sandboxes “have been hardened with Security-Enhanced Linux,” and support has been added for two more cryptographic algorithms.
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