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This article was published as a part of the Data Science Blogathon.Introduction
nt. We will start by briefly seeing MLOps before diving into the usage of MLflow for MLOps.
The concept of MLOps can be complex for novices. A good way to decipher it is by using an implementation tool like MLflow. The belief in this article is that MLOps tools can help understand MLOps concepts generally.
What is MLOps?
The terms “machine learning” and “DevOps” are combined to form the term “MLOps,” which is used in software development. MLOps can be seen as a set of guidelines that machine learning (ML) experts follow to hasten the deployment of ML models in real projects and enhance the overall integration of various project pipeline operations.
It can be viewed as expanding the DevOps technique to incorporate data science and machine learning. The propagation of AI in software production creates a need for agreed-upon best practices to provide testing, deployment, and monitoring of the new system.
The complete MLOps process includes three broad phases “Designing the ML-powered application,” “ML Experimentation and Development,” and “ML Operations.”
MLOps brings together design and operations in a way that makes the development of happen on a robust platform. MLOps require all the data, or artifacts, for model deployment to be contained in a group of files created by a training project. After grouping these model artifacts, developers must have the means to k de used to create them, the data used to train and test them, and the connections between them. This ma possible to automate the steps of app creation and delivery. This helps CI/CD so ML apps can be continually deployed, integrated, and delivered.Benefits of Using MLOps
There are three key things MLOps bring to the table; there are automation, continuous deployment, and monitoring.Automation
Automation removes the manual process of doing things. Automation helps the process of building regular ML models without any manual intervention. For instance, automated testing or debugging could reduce human error and save correction time. Before the problem gets out of hand, it is fixed or reported right away.Monitoring
Monitoring is another form of automation, but it involves sending signals when certain conditions are met. These signals could be on models or data. It may be when an anomaly is detected, such as a drift, while for models, it may be when a metric or hyperparameter is triggered. This could be after a model is deployed so that even when it is in production, it is still receiving new data and automatically retraining it.Continuous X
This is another key benefit of MLOps, but what does “X” imply? This also implies automation, where there is a loop in production. This could be continuous Delivery, commonly known as CD, Continuous Integration CI, Continuous Training CT, Continuous Monitoring, etc. You can add to the list too! This feature in MLOps provides a sort of automation that allows an extension even after deployment or in the process of deployment where there is continuous provision of some variables of some sort.What are MLOps Tools?
Note that these tools are not directly meant for implementing MLOps, they only have good features for uplifting the ML process to MLOps. MLOps tools help organizations apply DevOps practices to creating and using AI and machine learning (ML). They were developed to help close the gap between developing ML models and reaping the benefits of those models in the commercial world.
The type of tool to employ depends on the nature of the project. These tools can be seen as simply platforms for effectively implementing MLOps.What is MLflow?
MLflow is an open-source platform for managing the development of machine learning models with the goal of meeting four primary functionalities. These functionalities include. As said earlier, this tool does not directly do MLOps. It only has good functionality for MLOps which we want to see. This implies you can use the tools without actually implementing MLOps by just doing regular ML workflow.MLflow Components for MLOps
MLflow provides four components to help manage the ML workflow which we have seen previously. We will see the details and how they affect MLOps:
MLflow Tracking; is an API and UI that allows logging and querying experiments using Python, REST, R API, and Java API APIs. It is designed for logging parameters, code versioning, and setting metrics, and artifacts when running machine learning code to allow for later visualizing of the results. This feature supports the MLOps guideline for creating processes with details to aid future tracing.
An example is code and data versioning. MLflow Tracking runs on any environment including a notebook. This tracking feature can be used to create robust systems that meet up to MLOps requirements.
MLflow Projects; Managing projects is a very important tool for MLOps. In MLflow it is a format for easily packaging data science code in a way that makes it reusable and reproducible. It has a component that includes an API and a command-line tool for running projects, making workflow chaining possible. These are standard formats for packaging data science codes that are reusable.
The projects are organized as directories with a Git repository. This high-quality code management in projects eases teamwork which is highly important in MLOps. Tracking MLflow Projects from the Git repository is easy since in using the MLflow Tracking API in a Project, MLflow automatically remembers the project version and any saved parameters.
MLflow Models; An MLflow Model offers a common configuration for encasing machine learning models so they may be used in multiple other tools. The configuration specifies the rules that permit users to store a model in different so-called “flavors” that different downstream tools can recognize. It offers a standard for distributing machine-learning models in various flavors. Each Model is handled as a directory with arbitrary files, and it is possible to use a descriptor file that lists the model’s various “flavors.”
MLflow provides tools to deploy many common model types to diverse platforms. Outputting models in MLflow makes it very clear using the Tracking API automatically remembers which Project and run they came from. With all these controls implementing good MLOps becomes a breeze!
MLflow Registry; It provides a central model repository, a collection of APIs, and a user interface to enable collaborative management of an MLflow Model’s whole lifecycle. It offers model versioning and stage transitions from staging to production or archiving model lineage, which MLflow experiment and run produced the model and annotations.
This provides a one-stop model store, set of APIs, and UI, to collectively control the entire lifecycle of an MLflow Model. The concept of registering a model will include each registered model having one or many versions. So that when a new model is added to the Model Registry, it is added with its version number. Typically, each new model registered to the same model name increments the version number. When a model is registered, it carries a unique name and contains versions, associated transitional stages, model lineage, with other metadata.
UI for registering a Model using MLflow screenshot showing the names and versions of registered models in MLflow
This versioning is a tool highly required for MLOps. We have seen some of the key features of the MLflow data mining tool and how they can be used. I feel these are the most effective ones that cut into the MLOps discussion. Generally, we can see that the strength of MLflow is in managing utilities like models and data by keeping track. This is very handy for robust systems as robustness is seen in being scalable or easily upgradeable.Conclusion
Since managing the lifecycle of ML using MLOps can be challenging, every tool that can help assist and ease the pain becomes very useful. MLOps becomes achievable using the features of tools such as MLflow. With edge-cutting features in model and data management and providing a very large range of ways to develop models that perform very well in meeting MLOps standards, MLflow is another tool to look out for. The biggest achievement with MLflow is data and model management.
As you may have known, a perfect approach to learning something is via tools. Tools provide a hands-on understanding of concepts where we saw MLOps.
MLOps can be seen as a set of guidelines that machine learning (ML) experts follow to hasten the deployment of ML models in real projects and enhance the overall integration of various project pipeline operations.
MLOps tools help organizations apply DevOps practices to creating and using AI and machine learning (ML).
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Garnering almost one billion users, there’s no denying that Facebook is huge. Considered as the social networking giant, it has over 500 million active users, with 50 percent of it logging in on a daily basis.Knowing Your Audience
For an average Facebook user, this online platform can be used as a tool to catch up with long lost friends. What they didn’t know is that it can be used to turn messages and profile in actual results. The first thing you need to know is your audience.
Although Facebook started as a college network connection, the social media site now houses more than 900 million users. This makes the site a platform with the most diverse demographic spectrum.
According to KISSmetrics, Facebook’s largest user segment falls into the 35-54 age range. Its fastest growing user segment, on the other hand, is over 55. This only means that the social networking site can serve as a great marketing tool to reach your market, regardless of how old your prospect audiences are.Choosing Your Facebook Marketing Tool
Facebook has three marketing tools that you can use for marketing purposes. Each tool has its own purpose, and it can be combined for greater reach.Pages
A Facebook Page is the same as profile, although it is designed for businesses, organizations and public figures. It can be ‘liked’ by anyone, and it doesn’t have the same restrictions as the profile when it comes to number of friends or fans that it can have. The good thing about Facebook Pages is that it’s free.Groups
Facebook Groups, on the other hand, is similar to discussion forums, but with additional features the same with what Pages have like the Wall. You can create a group related to your industry, and it also comes for free.Ads
Source: Facebook Marketing Official Page
MLOps is defined as certain practices that ensure the deployment and longevity of ML systems by performing the necessary maintenance for updated versions. Due to its potential benefits MLOps market has grown rapidly: According to Deloitte, the market will be worth $4 billion in 2025, predicting a nearly 12-fold increase in MLOps market size since 2023.
Despite all the benefits ML brings to various business processes, companies are struggling to deploy ML techniques to enhance their efficiency. According to McKinsey, 64% of respondents cannot deploy ML algorithms beyond the pilot stage.
Therefore, we list some of the best practices for implementing MLOps to your business problems.Defining the business problem
A clear business objective is critical to the deployment of successful MLOps. What is your business goal? Increasing production efficiency or profitability, improving sales, etc. With this decision, the company determines the KPI that the ML algorithm should maximize.Promoting team-work
Coming up with successful ML practices is something like making a movie. The stars of the movies are actors but their accomplishment depends on many invisible heroes. The same rule applies to deploying MLOps.
Let’s say your business goal is to increase revenue by 5% without impacting profitability metrics. To achieve this goal, the IT team needs to know the key parameter values that impact revenue. Therefore, they need to communicate with the sales and marketing departments.
The IT team also needs to know the components of fixed and variable costs to protect profitability metrics. Therefore, the finance department must be asked. Otherwise, it would be impossible to write suitable algorithms. Such a task requires teamwork, where the departments can communicate with each other.
However, as a challange to teamwork Deloitte’s study highlights 68% of managers believe that the differences in qualifications between employees are at least moderate. The greater standard deviation of qualifications could mean further difficulties for the communication process. In addition, it means that at least some companies will have to rely on a small portion of their workforce to accomplish a difficult task such as implementing MLOps.Make a cost benefit analysis
Be clear about what features your business needs from MLOps. This approach is the key to the optimal processing of any transaction. Imagine you are a customer who wants to buy a car. You have many options, of course. For example, there are sports cars, SUVs, compact cars and luxury cars. For a cost-optimal purchase, you need to understand which category suits your needs and then compare the different segments and models according to your budget.
The same rule applies when deciding on the optimal MLOps tool for your business. Different MLOps have weaknesses and strengths in accomplishing certain tasks, such as sports cars and SUVs. Therefore, to make a strategic decision, you need to consider several factors, such as your business goals and budget, the MLOps tasks you want to undertake, the format and source of the datasets you want to work with, the capabilities of your team, etc.Validating datasets
The more extensive the data is, the better the reality is represented. Creating a dataset for analysis requires cleaning the data from biases and combining data from different sources (both external and internal).
Batching is another important technique for interpreting data based on changing the frequency basis for a given set of data extractions. In this way, efficient ML training becomes more likely. Also, to ensure data reliability, data pipelines should be automated to control the orchestration of the various data collections. Finally, it is important to consider that development, testing, and production processes may require the use of different data sets.Finding optimal outcome by experimenting
The great British philosopher John Lock viewed the human brain as a white board waiting to be filled with information that is the result of a process of trial and error.
Machines also use a very similar method for learning. Thanks to protocols that guarantee the reproducibility and analysis of the tests or experiments, ML systems gain experience from their mistakes, which eventually lead to better predictive capabilities. The goal of the method is to shorten the life cycle of analysis development and enhance model stability by automating reputations in the workflows of software experts.
Feel free to check our article on experiment tracking for efficient ML experimentation.
Our article about MLOps Tools & Platforms might be helpful for you.
Also, you might want to check our top MLOps platforms list.
We can help you with the search for providers for your MLOps development.
Cem regularly speaks at international technology conferences. He graduated from Bogazici University as a computer engineer and holds an MBA from Columbia Business School.
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Copernic Unleashes Desktop Search Tool
Search Engine Lowdown had the scoop on Copernic’s plan to Launch a Desktop Search Tool back in July:
Copernic is secretly testing a new product to be called Desktop Indexer. The tool, currently in beta testing, will offer direct and integrated desktop and web search capabilities within Windows.
The finished version will not be available until the Fall, but it will offer:
* the Desktop Indexer search box conveniently integrates with the Windows taskbar and the Internet Explorer toolbar.
CDS brings the power of a sophisticated, yet easy-to-use search engine right to your PC and allows you to instantly search files, e-mails, and e-mail attachments stored anywhere on your PC hard drive. Using a streamlined, intuitive user interface, CDS executes sub-second searching of Microsoft Word, Excel, and PowerPoint files, Acrobat PDF’s, all popular music, picture and video formats, contacts, browser history, and favorites. CDS features a seamlessly integrated pre-viewer that instantly provides you with a view of the file or email you’re looking for. The pre-viewer highlights all search terms and automatically scrolls to the first use of these terms in a document, eliminating the frustration of having to sort through endless text to pinpoint the words you are searching for.
“Google understands search. Microsoft understands software. Copernic understands both [NICE QUOTE], and has eight years of experience in building extremely powerful yet incredibly easy-to-use search software,” said David M. Burns, CEO of Copernic. “Desktop search can be complex, but we took the time to analyze the trade-offs and get it right. We’ve created a clean, friendly, well- tested product that won’t intimidate or confuse new users, and that doesn’t contain extraneous bells and whistles. By focusing on the core search experience, Copernic has produced a product, CDS, that will quickly become the desktop search standard against which all others are judged.”
Are you tired of spending hours rewording sentences and paragraphs to avoid plagiarism? Do you want to protect your work from being accused of copying or stealing someone else’s ideas? Then you need the best rewording tool to avoid plagiarism. With this tool, you can quickly and easily rephrase your sentences and paragraphs without sacrificing the original meaning of your writing. In this article, we’ll explore the best rewording tools to avoid plagiarism available and how it can help you enhance your writing and protect your work.
Rewording tools, also known as paraphrasing tools or article rewriters, are software programs that help writers rephrase sentences and paragraphs while maintaining the original meaning. These tools are designed to help writers avoid plagiarism by creating new content that is unique and original.
Also read: Can Chat GPT be Detected for Plagiarism?
Plagiarism is a serious offense that can lead to legal consequences and damage your reputation as a writer. Even unintentional plagiarism can have severe consequences, which is why it’s essential to use a rewording tool to avoid it. A rewording tool helps you to:
Avoid repeating the same words and phrases
Paraphrase complex sentences
Use synonyms and antonyms to convey the same meaning
Create unique and original content
By using a rewording tool, you can avoid plagiarism and improve the quality of your writing.
There are many rewording tools available online, but not all of them are created equal. Some are slow, inaccurate, or difficult to use. After extensive research and testing, we’ve found that the best rewording tools to avoid plagiarism.
Quillbot is a popular rewording tool that uses AI to rephrase text while maintaining the original meaning. It can be used for a variety of tasks, from academic writing to social media posts. Quillbot offers several different modes, including Standard, Fluency, Creative, and Creative+.
Prepostseo is another popular rewording tool that offers a variety of features, including a plagiarism checker, grammar checker, and paraphrasing tool. It’s free to use and can help writers create unique and original content quickly and easily.
Spinbot is a simple and easy-to-use rewording tool that can help writers create unique content quickly. It’s free to use and offers several different modes, including automatic, manual, and ultra-fast.
Small SEO Tools is a suite of online tools that includes a rewording tool, a plagiarism checker, a grammar checker, and more. It’s free to use and can help writers create unique content quickly and easily.
Grammarly is a popular writing tool that offers a variety of features, including a rewording tool, a grammar checker, and a plagiarism checker. It’s available as a browser extension, a desktop app, and a mobile app.
Ginger Software is a writing tool that offers a variety of features, including a rewording tool, a grammar checker, and a plagiarism checker. It’s available as a browser extension, a desktop app, and a mobile app.
WordAI is an AI-powered rewording tool that uses natural language processing to create unique and original content. It’s designed for professional writers and offers several different pricing plans.
Rewording tools work by analyzing the original text and then rephrasing it using synonyms and other language techniques. Some tools use AI to analyze the text, while others use rule-based systems. Most rewording tools offer several different modes or options for how the text is rephrased, such as automatic, manual, or creative.
While rewording tools can be a useful tool for avoiding plagiarism, it’s important to use them correctly to ensure that the resulting content is unique and original. Here are some best practices for using rewording tools:
Always proofread the resulting content to ensure that it makes sense and is grammatically correct.
Don’t rely solely on rewording tools – use your own knowledge and creativity to come up with unique content.
Use multiple rewording tools to ensure that the resulting content is as unique as possible.
Avoid copying and pasting large sections of text – instead, focus on rephrasing sentences and paragraphs in your own words.
Make sure to cite sources when necessary, even if you’ve used a rewording tool to create the content.
Can help writers create unique content quickly and easily
Can be a useful tool for avoiding plagiarism
Can help non-native speakers improve their writing skills
Can sometimes create awkward or grammatically incorrect sentences
Can result in content that is not truly original or unique
Can lead to over-reliance on technology and a lack of creativity
Is it legal to use rewording tools to avoid plagiarism?
Yes, it is legal to use rewording tools to avoid plagiarism, as long as the resulting content is original and does not infringe on any copyrights.
Are all rewording tools the same?
No, each rewording tool has its own unique features and benefits. It’s important to choose the one that best fits your needs.
Can rewording tools replace human writers?
No, rewording tools are not a replacement for human writers. They can be a useful tool, but they should be used in conjunction with your own knowledge and creativity.
Can rewording tools be used for academic writing?
Yes, rewording tools can be used for academic writing, but it’s important to ensure that the resulting content is original and does not violate academic integrity policies.
Are rewording tools free to use?
Some rewording tools are free to use, while others require a subscription or one-time payment. It’s important to research the different options and choose the one that best fits your budget.
How can I ensure that the resulting content is unique and original?
To ensure that the resulting content is unique and original, it’s important to proofread it carefully and make sure that it makes sense and is grammatically correct.
The Rectangular Marquee Tool is located at the top of the Tools panel.
If you’re using Photoshop CS4 as I am here, or Photoshop CS3, and you have your Tools panel set to a single column layout, the Rectangular Marquee Tool will be the second icon from the top:
The Tools panel in Photoshop CS3 and higher can be displayed in either a single or double column layout.Drawing Rectangular Selections
Here’s a photo of some wooden blocks:
Colorful wooden blocks.
See that large red block in the top row? Let’s say I wanted to change its color, a very simple thing to do. Now, if this was Star Trek, I could simply say “Computer, select red block, top row”, followed by “Change color to purple”, or whatever color we wanted. Unfortunately, reality hasn’t quite caught up to science fiction just yet, but that doesn’t mean life in this day and age is unbearably difficult. Far from it! Photoshop may not be able to identify the wooden block, since all it sees are pixels, but not only can you and I see it, we can see that it’s very clearly in the shape of a rectangle, which means that the task of selecting it is perfectly suited for the Rectangular Marquee Tool.
If you find that you didn’t begin your selection in exactly the right spot, there’s no need to start over. Just hold down your spacebar, then drag your mouse to move the selection where you need it. When you’re done, release your spacebar and continue dragging out the selection.
To complete the selection, all I need to do is release my mouse button. The wooden block is now selected (or at least, the pixels that make up what we see as the block are selected), and a selection outline appears around the block in the document window. Any edits I make at this point will affect that specific block and no others:
Selection outlines appear as a series of moving dashed lines, also known as “marching ants”.
To change the color of the block, we’ll use Photoshop’s Hue/Saturation image adjustment. To select it, I’ll go up to the Image menu at the top of the screen where I’ll choose Adjustments and then Hue/Saturation:
The Hue/Saturation image adjustment is great for changing the color of objects in an image.
This brings up the Hue/Saturation dialog box. I think I’ll change the block’s color to orange. I know I said purple earlier, but now that I’ve had a few more minutes to think about it, a nice bright orange would probably be a better choice. Changing the color is as easy as dragging the Hue slider left or right until you find the color you want. I’m going to drag mine towards the right to a value of 28 to select orange. Then, to bump up the color saturation a bit, I’ll drag the Saturation slider towards the right to a value of around +25:
Change an object’s color by dragging the Hue slider. Increase or decrease color saturation with the Saturation slider.
Remove selections by choosing Deselect from under the Select menu.
A faster way to remove a selection is with the keyboard shortcut, Ctrl+D (Win) / Command+D (Mac), but either way will work. With the selection outline now gone, we can see that only the area that was inside the rectangular selection outline was affected by the Hue/Saturation adjustment. The formerly red block is now an orange block, while the rest of the photo remains unchanged:
Only the area inside the rectangular selection was affected by the Hue/Saturation adjustment.
Selecting the wooden block with the Rectangular Marquee Tool was easy, but what if the object we need to select is perfectly square? We’ll look at that next!Drawing Square Selections
So far, we’ve seen how easy it is to select a rectangular-shaped object or area in a photo with the Rectangular Marquee Tool, but what if you need to select something that’s perfectly square? Is there a way to force the selection outline into a square? Not only is there a way to do it, there’s actually two ways to do it, although one of them is much faster than the other.
Here’s a photo I have open in Photoshop of some rather grungy looking tiles:
Dirty, grungy looking tiles.
Let’s say I want to select the tile in the center so I can use it as an interesting background or texture for an effect. Since the tile is obviously square, we’ll want to constrain our selection to a square. First, we’ll look at the long way to go about it.
Any time the Rectangular Marquee Tool is selected, the Options Bar at the top of the screen will display options specifically for this tool. One of the options is called Style, and by default, it’s set to Normal, which means we’re free to drag out any size selection we need with any dimensions. To force the selection into a square, first change the Style option to Fixed Ratio, then enter a value of 1 for both the Width and Height options (1 is the default value for the Width and Height so you may not need to change it):
Change the Style option to Fixed Ratio, then set both the Width and Height to 1.
No matter how large of a selection I draw, it remains a perfect square.
Once again, there’s no need to start over if you didn’t begin your selection in the right spot. Just hold down your spacebar, drag the selection to its new location, then release the spacebar and continue dragging out the rest of the selection.
To complete the selection, I’ll release my mouse button, and we can see in the document window that the square tile in the center is now selected, ready for whatever I decide to do with it:
The center tile is now selected.
The only problem with using this method to force the selection into a square is that the options in the Options Bar are “sticky”, meaning they don’t automatically switch back to their default settings the next time you go to use the tool. I can’t even begin to tell you how many times I’ve tried to drag out a rectangular selection only to have the selection constrained to a square or some other aspect ratio because I forgot to change the Style option back to Normal. So, before we go any further, let’s change it back to Normal right now:
Make sure to set the Style option back to Normal since Photoshop won’t do it for you.
Next, we’ll learn how to drag a rectangular or square selection out from its center!Drawing Selections From The Center
Up to this point, we’ve been starting all of our rectangular or square selections from the top left corner of whatever it was that we were selecting, and in most cases that works just fine. But there’s no rule that says you must always start in the top left corner. In fact, Photoshop gives us a simple keyboard shortcut that allows us to drag selections out from their center rather than from a corner.
Holding down Alt (Win) / Option (Mac) allows us to drag selections out from the center.Quickly Remove A Selection
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